Table 3 shows the age adjusted associations of socioeconomic characteristics with job demand and job control
stratified by gender.
This model integrates 2 main domains: job demands that refer to psychological job demands, such as a high pace and amount of work, and job control
(or decision latitude) that refers to autonomy and independence at work [19,20].
"The Combined Effect of Long Working Hours and Low Job Control
on Self-Rated Health.
Although job demands, such as citizenship pressure, have a decisive influence on individuals' responses, there is a combined effect between job demand and job control
that determines the levels of the above outcomes (Karasek, 1979).
There have been three major job stress models such as effort-reward imbalance model,[sup], job-demand-control model,[sup] and the model of organizational justice.[sup] It has been well recognized that these models predict cardiovascular diseases,[sup] lipid profiles,[sup] and metabolic syndrome.[sup],, In this study, we used job-demand-control model because we have used the questionnaire of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),[sup] which quantified job control
and job demand, allowing to determine the modified version of job strain condition.
"Facilitating and Inhibiting Effects of job Control
and Social Support on Stress Outcomes and Role Behavior: A Contingency Model." Journal of Organizational Behavior 19: 167-95.
(2001) contend that job control
is a key factor in developing employees' experienced state of ownership.
Combined with the sophistication of the job control
software, it all represents a huge difference to the ROI.
Few studies have examined factors related to NLRN job satisfaction and no studies have explored the relationship between NLRN job satisfaction and work environment measures such as job difficulty, job demand, and job control
. In this background we define measures of job satisfaction and review prior studies on factors that contribute to NLRN job satisfaction.
This workflow suite provides consistent repeat job control
and advanced decision nuking tools to help select suitable jobs for EPM.
Spector (1986) concluded from his meta-analysis of over 100 studies that job control
was positively linked to employee satisfaction, performance, and turnover intentions.
Work-related stress has been amply conceptualized by means of the demand-control model (DC model, Evolahti, Hultcrantz, & Collins, 2006), which identifies job demands and job control
as the two crucial dimensions of the work environment that explain job strain.