Historical records and literary texts do not apply these terms consistently, and the Latin, French, and English terms do not seem to correspond perfectly, so that distinguishing a minstrel from a harper, a joculator
, a disour, a jongleur, or a histrio is not always possible, though each of these terms refer to different types of performance.
In the first quarter of the 12th century the Czech Prince Vladislav I gave land to his joculator
Dobreita by name, and in 1176 Prince Sobeslav II provided an endowed income for his joculator
Kojata, who as Kojata histrio (fiddler) is also mentioned in the necrologue of the Benedictine monastery in Podlazice.
In time, the word came to have the same meaning as mimus and histrio, scurra, and joculator
(Ogilvy, 1963, p.
Golet, unseen here today, was a faithful enough joculator
reds to help foil an assassination attempt on the duke's life.
27) But these narratives are a different species; a joculator
provided stories of more than one kind: chanson de geste, hagiography and romance.