These billets are known as joint duty assignment
list billets and qualified as joint qualification billets toward the joint qualified officer required for all flag officers under Goldwater-Nichols.
A tour of duty in which an officer serves in more than one joint duty assignment
without a break between such assignments shall be considered to be a single tour of duty in a joint duty assignment
The Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 was passed in order to improve the performance and war-fighting capabilities of our military in a Joint environment and to ensure that the uniformed services would send high-caliber officers to joint duty assignments
. The Act and its subsequent amendments have been fully integrated into United States Code Title X.
Under the system of joint officer management established by the Goldwater-Nichols Act, the current number of positions to be filled by officers drawn from the warfighting professions (the Joint Duty Assignment
List or JDAL), with each position coded by rank and specialty, is 8,932.
The second theory suggests JQOs exist to fill critical Joint Duty Assignment
List positions; some argue that since there are only 5 critical billets in the RC (compared to 448 in the AC), RC JQO is moot.
Goldwater-Nichols gave specific guidance for preparing joint specialty officers, including the requirement to complete a JPME school followed by a joint duty assignment
in order to become joint qualified.
For argument's sake, this cadre of joint professionals would equal half of the total joint duty assignment
Before JQS, only active-duty officers who were assigned to a fulltime joint duty assignment
could become joint qualified, but this changed with the National Defense Authorization Act of 2007.
Under the previous system, only specific billets listed on a document called the Joint Duty Assignment
List (JDAL) were authorized joint credit.
This program, outlined in the 2005 CJCS Vision and corresponding policy, recognized that joint credit should be applied where jointness is experienced, opening up opportunities for joint experience credit to be gained for experiences not on the joint duty assignment
list and associated points for non-JPME education and training completed.
It asks that NGB be organized under a joint table of distribution, with a limited number of billets designated as joint duty assignments
on the joint duty assignment
list--to be filled by active component officers from all the services, or the Joint Duty Assignment--Reserve (IDA-R)--to be filled by Reserve component officers nominated by each of the services' Reserve components.
OPMEP has further defined the student allocation as according with the distribution of billets by service on the joint duty assignment