(9) The second was the integration of a joint air coordination element with a special operations joint fires element
during early operations in Iraqi Freedom, which resulted in a small JAGIC-like cell integrating air operations and joint fires in real time.
In the north, where the SOF commander was supported, the air component deployed a joint air component element to JSOTF (subordinate to SOCCENT), which developed its own joint fires element
. While these organizations worked together closely, they had separate identities because the joint air component element was directed exclusively on air operations as the joint fires element
focused on lethal and non-lethal effects.
(22) The lack of a resident JFFC responsible for planning, coordinating, and executing the full spectrum of joint fires elements
leaves the J3 and employed SOF vulnerable, having to improvise solutions to the integration challenges of fire support and maneuver.