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Related to judicature: judiciary


1. Administration of justice.
2. The position, function, or authority of a judge.
3. The jurisdiction of a law court or judge.
4. A court or system of courts of law.

[Medieval Latin iūdicātūra, from feminine future participle of Latin iūdicāre, to judge; see judge.]


1. (Law) the administration of justice
2. (Law) the office, function, or power of a judge
3. (Law) the extent of authority of a court or judge
4. (Law) a body of judges or persons exercising judicial authority; judiciary
5. (Law) a court of justice or such courts collectively


(ˈdʒu dɪˌkeɪ tʃər, -kəˌtʃʊər)

1. the administration of justice, as by judges or courts.
2. the office, function, or authority of a judge.
3. the jurisdiction of a judge or court.
4. a body of judges.
5. the power of administering justice.
[1520–30;< Medieval Latin]


 a body of judges, 1593; the judges of a country collectively; legal tribunal collectively.


The authority, jurisdiction, or function of a judge or a court.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.judicature - an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial businessjudicature - an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business
court of justice, court of law, lawcourt, court - a tribunal that is presided over by a magistrate or by one or more judges who administer justice according to the laws
assembly - a group of persons who are gathered together for a common purpose
International Court of Justice, World Court - a court established to settle disputes between members of the United Nations
Bench - the magistrate or judge or judges sitting in court in judicial capacity to compose the court collectively
appeals court, appellate court, court of appeals - a court whose jurisdiction is to review decisions of lower courts or agencies
assizes, court of assize, court of assize and nisi prius - the county courts of England (replaced in 1971 by Crown courts)
chancery, court of chancery - a court with jurisdiction in equity
consistory - a church tribunal or governing body
criminal court - a court having jurisdiction over criminal cases
divorce court - a court having jurisdiction over the termination of marriage contracts
court of domestic relations, domestic relations court, family court - a court in some states in the United States that has jurisdiction over family disputes (especially those involving children)
federal court - a court establish by the authority of a federal government
F.I.S.C., Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court - a secret federal court created in 1978 by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act; responsible for authorizing wiretaps and other forms of electronic surveillance and for authorizing searches of suspected spies and terrorists by the Department of Justice or United States intelligence agencies
inferior court, lower court - any court whose decisions can be appealed to a higher court
Inquisition - a former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) created to discover and suppress heresy
juvenile court - a court having jurisdiction over dependent and delinquent children
kangaroo court - an irregular unauthorized court
military court - a judicial court of commissioned officers for the discipline and punishment of military personnel
moot court - a mock court where law students argue hypothetical cases
police court - a court that has power to prosecute for minor offenses and to bind over for trial in a superior court anyone accused of serious offenses
probate court - a court having jurisdiction over the probate of wills and the administration of estates
quarter sessions - a local court with criminal jurisdiction and sometimes administrative functions
Rota - (Roman Catholic Church) the supreme ecclesiastical tribunal for cases appealed to the Holy See from diocesan courts
Star Chamber - a former English court that became notorious for its arbitrary methods and severe punishments
superior court - any court that has jurisdiction above an inferior court
high court, state supreme court, supreme court - the highest court in most states of the United States
traffic court - a court that has power to prosecute for traffic offenses
trial court - the first court before which the facts of a case are decided
jury - a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
2.judicature - the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government
authorities, government, regime - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit; "the government reduced taxes"; "the matter was referred to higher authorities"
Federal Judiciary - the judiciary of the United States which is responsible for interpreting and enforcing federal laws
system, scheme - a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going"
3.judicature - the act of meting out justice according to the law
justice - judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments
4.judicature - the position of judge
berth, billet, post, situation, position, office, place, spot - a job in an organization; "he occupied a post in the treasury"


[ˈdʒuːdɪkətʃəʳ] Njudicatura f


n (= judges)Richterstand m; (= judicial system)Gerichtswesen nt, → Gerichtsbarkeit f
References in classic literature ?
It is upon this account that the image of Justice, in their courts of judicature, is formed with six eyes, two before, as many behind, and on each side one, to signify circumspection; with a bag of gold open in her right hand, and a sword sheathed in her left, to show she is more disposed to reward than to punish.
In unfolding the defects of the existing Confederation, the utility and necessity of a federal judicature have been clearly pointed out.
The cardinals of Rome, which are theologues, and friars, and Schoolmen, have a phrase of notable contempt and scorn towards civil business: for they call all temporal business of wars, embassages, judicature, and other employments, sbirrerie, which is under-sheriffries; as if they were but matters, for under-sheriffs and catchpoles: though many times those under-sheriffries do more good, than their high speculations.
This is surely a case of that kind; for, is it not cruel, nay, impious, to force a woman into that state against her will; for her behaviour in which she is to be accountable to the highest and most dreadful court of judicature, and to answer at the peril of her soul?
Weller entertained a firm and unalterable conviction that the Old Bailey was the supreme court of judicature in this country, and that its rules and forms of proceeding regulated and controlled the practice of all other courts of justice whatsoever, he totally disregarded the assurances and arguments of his son, tending to show that the alibi was inadmissible; and vehemently protested that Mr.
Referring to the case of BS Deepa vs The Regional Passport Officer, the petitioner said the High Court of Judicature in Madras not only directed the RPO to issue the passport by indicating the name of the stepfather, in the column reserved for filling the name of the father, but also directed the Ministry of External Affairs to incorporate suitable provisions in the Passport Manual and incorporate suitable columns in the applications for the issue of passports, "to enable the parties to indicate either the names of the biological parents or the names of the adoptive parents or the names of the step parents or all of them according as the situation demands.
The Honorable High Court of Judicature at Bombay has today, approved the Scheme of Demerger of the Consumer Products Business Unit of the Crompton Greaves Limited (CG) into CG's wholly owned subsidiary Crompton Greaves Consumer Electricals Limited (CGCEL).
MANySA (CyHAN)- A total of 20 were released, while three of the rest were arrested, who had been sent to "criminal judicature of peace" as part of an interrogation, conducted by Manisa Republic Prosecution Office, in western province of Manisa on Saturday.
Hyderabad: The High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad on Wednesday came down heavily on the indiscriminate use of banned chemicals to ripen fruits and termed the practice as "worse than terrorism".
The legacy and thought provoking judicial pronouncements of the Chief Justice are going to prove a beacon light for the judicature for all times to come.
The British High Court and Court of Appeal both refused to sign papers ordering the children's return, but the case is now due to be heard by the Supreme Court - the country's most senior judicature - following a further appeal request.