jumping gene


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Related to jumping gene: transposon

jumping gene

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

jumping gene

n
(Biochemistry) a fragment of nucleic acid, such as a plasmid or a transposon, that can become incorporated into the DNA of a cell
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

trans•po•son

(trænsˈpoʊ zɒn)

n.
a gene or set of genes capable of inserting copies of itself into other DNA sites within the same cell. Also called jumping gene.
[1974; transpos (ition) + -on1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.jumping gene - a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
élément instable
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science here have discovered that reproductive stem cells boost production of non-coding RNA elements that suppress jumping gene activity and activate a DNA repair process allowing for normal egg development.
Animals unwittingly developed a powerful system to suppress jumping gene activity that uses small, non-coding RNAs called piRNAs, which recognize jumping genes and suppress their activity.
Corn, which began as a weedy grass growing in Mexico, possesses a strange trait known as a "jumping gene." Over time it transformed itself into a cereal grass that we've come to know as maize, and then as corn.
Because repression of a jumping gene also affects genes located near it on the chromosome, the researchers suspect that these repressors have been co-opted for other gene-regulatory functions, and that those other functions have persisted and evolved long after the jumping genes the repressors originally turned off have degraded due to the accumulation of random mutations.
And of all things, that ultimate genomic parasite, the transposon or jumping gene, looks like an agent of genomic engineering.
Among the topics are the performance comparison of jumping gene adaptations of an elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm, a robust multi-objective genetic algorithm with online approximation under interval uncertainty, chance constrained programming to handle uncertainty in nonlinear process models, the ecodesign of chemical processes with multi-objective genetic algorithms, and the multi-objective optimization of a hybrid steam stripper-membrane process for the continuous purification of bioethanol.
She was the first scientist to clone a developmental gene by using a transposable element or "jumping gene" as a starting point.
Gupta, Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing with the Jumping Gene Adaptations, in G.P.
BovB is a much younger jumping gene, it was first discovered in cows but has since been shown to jump between a bizarre array of animals including reptiles, elephants, and marsupials.
About 10,000 years ago, a weedy grass growing in Mexico that possessed a strange trait known as a "jumping gene" transformed itself into a larger and more useful plant: the cereal grass that we would come to know as maize and then as corn.
This big chunk contained multiple copies of a transposable element, or jumping gene. Transposable elements are viruslike pieces of DNA that copy and insert themselves into a host's DNA.
Multiobjective optimization methodology; a jumping gene approach.