junior


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

jun·ior

 (jo͞on′yər)
adj.
1. Abbr. Jr. Used to distinguish a son from his father when they have the same given name.
2. Intended for or including youthful persons: a junior sports league.
3. Lower in rank or shorter in length of tenure: a junior officer; the junior senator.
4. Of, for, or constituting students in the third year of a US high school or college: the junior class.
5. Lesser in scale than the usual.
n.
1. A person who is younger than another: a sister four years my junior.
2. A person lesser in rank or time of participation or service; subordinate.
3. A student in the third year of a US high school or college.
4. A class of clothing sizes for girls and slender women. Also called junior miss.

[Middle English, from Latin iūnior, comparative of iuvenis, young; see yeu- in Indo-European roots.]

junior

(ˈdʒuːnjə)
adj
1. lower in rank or length of service; subordinate
2. younger in years: junior citizens.
3. of or relating to youth or childhood: junior pastimes.
4. (Education) Brit of or relating to schoolchildren between the ages of 7 and 11 approximately
5. (Education) US of, relating to, or designating the third year of a four-year course at college or high school
n
6. (Law) law (in England) any barrister below the rank of Queen's Counsel
7. a junior person
8. (Education) Brit a junior schoolchild
9. (Education) US a junior student
[C17: from Latin: younger, from juvenis young]

Junior

(ˈdʒuːnjə)
adj
being the younger: usually used after a name to distinguish the son from the father with the same first name or names: Charles Parker, Junior. Abbreviations: Jnr, Jr, Jun or Junr

jun•ior

(ˈdʒun yər)

adj.
1. younger (typically designating a son named after his father; often written as Jr. following the name): the junior Mr. Hansen; Edward Hansen, Jr.
2. of more recent election, appointment, or admission: the junior Senator from Michigan.
3. of lower rank or standing: a junior partner.
4. of or pertaining to juniors in school or college.
5. of later date; subsequent to.
6. composed of younger members: the junior division.
7. being smaller than the usual size.
n.
8. a person who is younger than another.
9. a person who is newer or of lower rank, as in a profession; subordinate.
10. a student in the next to the last year at a high school, college, or university.
11.
a. Often, juniors. a range of odd-numbered sizes, chiefly 3–15, for garments for women with short waists.
b. a garment in this size range.
12. a boy; youth; son.
[1520–30; < Latin jūnior younger]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.junior - term of address for a disrespectful and annoying male; "look here, junior, it's none of your business"
arriviste, nouveau-riche, parvenu, upstart - a person who has suddenly risen to a higher economic status but has not gained social acceptance of others in that class
2.junior - a third-year undergraduate
lowerclassman, underclassman - an undergraduate who is not yet a senior
3.junior - the younger of two persons; "she is two years my junior"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
4.Junior - a son who has the same first name as his father
son, boy - a male human offspring; "their son became a famous judge"; "his boy is taller than he is"
Adj.1.junior - younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service
young, immature - (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; "young people"
subordinate - subject or submissive to authority or the control of another; "a subordinate kingdom"
senior - older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; "senior officer"
2.junior - used of the third or next to final year in United States high school or college; "the junior class"; "a third-year student"
intermediate - lying between two extremes in time or space or state; "going from sitting to standing without intermediate pushes with the hands"; "intermediate stages in a process"; "intermediate stops on the route"; "an intermediate range plane"
3.junior - including or intended for youthful persons; "a junior sports league"; "junior fashions"
young, immature - (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; "young people"

junior

adjective
1. minor, lower, secondary, lesser, subordinate, inferior a junior minister attached to the prime minister's office

junior

adjective
Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
noun
One belonging to a lower class or rank:
Translations
إبْن للعائِلَهأَصْغَرُ
mladšísynjuniormalý
yngrejuniorunderordnet
nuorempi
mlađi
alsósfiatalabbkisfiú
sonurungur maîur; nÿliîi; yngri; unglinga-yngri
下級の
손아래의
jaunėlisjaunesnismažylis
dēlsjaunākaisjuniors
junior
mlajšinižji
junior
ที่อายุน้อยกว่า
cấp thấp

junior

[ˈdʒuːnɪəʳ]
A. ADJ [employee, executive, manager] (in age) → más joven; (in length of service) → de menor antigüedad; (in position, rank) → subalterno, auxiliar; [partner] → segundo; [section] (in competition) → juvenil
Roy Smith, JuniorRoy Smith, hijo
B. N
1. (= younger person) → menor mf, joven mf (US) (= son) → hijo m, niño m
he is my junior by three years; he is three years my juniortiene tres años menos que yo, le llevo tres años
2. (Brit) (Scol) → alumno/a m/f (de 7 a 11 años) (US) (Univ) → estudiante mf de penúltimo año GRADE
3. (in rank) → subalterno/a m/f, auxiliar mf; (= office junior) → recadero m
C. CPD junior college N (US) centro universitario donde se imparten cursos de dos años
junior high school N (US) → centro de enseñanza secundaria
junior minister N (Pol) → secretario/a m/f de Estado, subsecretario/a m/f
junior school N (Brit) → escuela f primaria
junior size Ntalla f infantil

junior

[ˈdʒuːniər]
adj
(in hierarchy)subalterne
to be junior to sb → être au-dessous de qn (dans la hiérarchie)
He's junior to me → Il est au-dessous de moi (dans la hiérarchie).
(= younger) to be junior to sb
He's junior to me by 2 years → Il est mon cadet de 2 ans., Il est plus jeune que moi de 2 ans.
n
(= office worker) → employé(e) m/f subalterne, subalterne mf
(= person younger than oneself) one's juniors → ses cadets
to be sb's junior → être le cadet de qn(la)(te)
He's 2 years my junior → Il est mon cadet de 2 ans.
(US) (in names)
Douglas Fairbanks Junior → Douglas Fairbanks junior juniors
npl (= younger children) the juniors → les élèves des cours élémentaires et moyensjunior clerk npetit commis mjunior college n (US)institut m universitaire (du premier cycle)junior doctor ninterne mf des hôpitauxjunior executive njeune cadre m/fjunior high school n (US)collège mjunior minister n (British)sous-secrétaire mf d'Étatjunior partner nassocié(e)-adjoint(e) m/f, associé(e) m/fjunior school n (British)école f primaire (de 7 à 11 ans)

junior

adj
(= younger)jünger; he is junior to meer ist jünger als ich; Hiram Schwarz, juniorHiram Schwarz junior; Smith, junior (at school) → Smith II, der kleine Smith; the junior missdie kleine Dame
(= subordinate) employeeuntergeordnet; officerrangniedriger; to be junior to somebodyunter jdm stehen
(Sport) → Junioren-, der Junioren; junior teamJuniorenmannschaft f
n
Jüngere(r) mf; he is my junior by two years, he is two years my juniorer ist zwei Jahre jünger als ich; where’s junior?wo ist der Junior?
(Brit Sch) (at primary school) → Grundschüler(in) m(f); (at secondary school) → Unterstufenschüler(in) m(f)
(US Univ) Student(in) im vorletzten Studienjahr
(Sport) → Junior(in) m(f); the juniorsdie Junioren/Juniorinnen pl

junior

:
junior classes
pl (Sch) → Unterstufe f
junior clerk
nzweiter Buchhalter; he’s just some juniorer ist bloß ein kleiner Angestellter
junior college
n (US Univ) College, an dem man die ersten zwei Jahre eines 4-jährigen Studiums absolviert
junior common room
n (Brit Univ) → Gemeinschaftsraum mfür Studenten
junior high (school)
n (US) → ˜ Mittelschule f
Junior League
n
(Brit Sport) → Amateurliga f
(US: for voluntary work) Wohltätigkeitsverband von Frauen, die sich im Sozialbereich engagieren
junior management
junior minister
nStaatssekretär(in) m(f)
junior partner
njüngerer Teilhaber; (in coalition) → kleinerer (Koalitions)partner
junior school
n (Brit) → Grundschule f

junior

[ˈdʒuːnɪəʳ]
1. adj (on staff, in rank) → subalterno/a; (section, in competition) → per ragazzi; (with name) Roy Smith, JuniorRoy Smith junior
he's junior to me → ho più anzianità di lui
junior sizes (Comm) → taglie fpl per ragazzi
2. n (in organization) → persona più giovane (Brit) (schoolchild) → allievo delle scuole elementari (da 7 a 11 anni)
3 years my junior or my junior by 3 years → più giovane di me di 3 anni

junior

(ˈdʒuːnjə) noun, adjective
(a person who is) younger in years or lower in rank or authority. He is two years my junior; The school sent two juniors and one senior to take part; junior pupils; He is junior to me in the firm; the junior school.
adjective
(often abbreviated to Jnr, ~Jr or Jun . when written) used to indicate the son of a person who is still alive and who has the same name. John Jones Junior.
noun
(especially American) a name for the child (usually a son) of a family. Do bring Junior!

younger than but junior to.

junior

أَصْغَرُ mladší yngre jünger νεότερος más joven, menor nuorempi junior mlađi più giovane 下級の 손아래의 junior yngre młodszy júnior младший junior ที่อายุน้อยกว่า yaşça küçük cấp thấp 级别低的
References in classic literature ?
As to the minor priests and acolytes of that temple, the result of all this was that they stood divided into two classes, and, down to the junior messenger, either believed in the Circumlocution Office as a heaven-born institution that had an absolute right to do whatever it liked; or took refuge in total infidelity, and considered it a flagrant nuisance.
Pocket, Junior, delivering him the bags, One, Two, I saw the starting appearance come into his own eyes that I knew to be in mine, and he said, falling back:
Little did my highly-connected mother think that, among the colored prints in the shop-window, which disrespectfully illustrated the public and private proceedings of distinguished individuals, certain specimens bearing the classic signature of "Thersites Junior," were produced from designs furnished by her studious and medical son.
Monsieur Poiret junior, called "junior" to distinguish him from his brother Monsieur Poiret senior (now living in the Maison Vanquer, where Poiret junior sometimes dined, intending to end his days in the same retreat), had spent thirty years in the Civil Service.
Then, emphasising his words with his loud voice and frequent gestures, he related the history of the Mormons from Biblical times: how that, in Israel, a Mormon prophet of the tribe of Joseph published the annals of the new religion, and bequeathed them to his son Mormon; how, many centuries later, a translation of this precious book, which was written in Egyptian, was made by Joseph Smith, junior, a Vermont farmer, who revealed himself as a mystical prophet in 1825; and how, in short, the celestial messenger appeared to him in an illuminated forest, and gave him the annals of the Lord.
MELL; WILKINS MICAWBER, ESQUIRE, JUNIOR (who convulsed the assembly by humorously remarking that he found himself unable to return thanks in a speech, but would do so, with their permission, in a song); Mrs.
As he stroked his closeclipped white whiskers and ran his hand through the rumpled grey locks above his jutting brows, his disrespectful junior partner thought how much he looked like the Family Physician annoyed with a patient whose symptoms refuse to be classified.
Old Osborne, who took matters more easily in the City now, where he left his affairs to his junior partners, would often ride out with Miss O.
I was the junior in her, a third mate, keeping watch with the chief officer; and it was just during one of the night watches in a strong, freshening breeze that I overheard two men in a sheltered nook of the main deck exchanging these informing remarks.
Only a few weeks after the war began," Thsomson continued thoughtfully, "two French generals, four or five colonels, and over twenty junior and non-commissioned officers were court-martialled for espionage.
But Peter had a son, Peter Winn, Junior, with the same firm-set jaw as his fathers,, and the same knitted, brooding determination in his eyes.
As I walked about there I congratulated myself that I had not brought some Lincoln girl who would talk during the waits about the junior dances, or whether the cadets would camp at Plattsmouth.