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 (jŭ-stĭsh′ē-ĕr′ē) also jus·ti·ci·ar (-ē-ər)
n. pl. jus·ti·ci·ar·ies also jus·ti·ci·ars
A high judicial officer in medieval England.

[Medieval Latin iūstitiāria, from feminine of iūstitiārius, of the administration of justice, from Latin iūstitia, justice; see justice.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Law) English legal history the chief political and legal officer from the time of William I to that of Henry III, who deputized for the king in his absence and presided over the kings' courts. Also called: justiciary
jusˈticiarˌship n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(dʒʌˈstɪʃ i ər)

1. a high judicial officer in medieval England.
2. the chief political and judicial officer in England from the reign of William I to that of Henry III.
[1475–85; < Medieval Latin jūsticiārius justiciary]
jus•ti′ci•ar•ship`, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.justiciar - formerly a high judicial officer
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
judge, jurist, justice - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
You mind last year when he came down to Malwood, with his inner marshal and his outer marshal, his justiciar, his seneschal, and his four and twenty guardsmen.
Though Tarrant acknowledged reading the 'manifesto' of Dylann Roof, who murdered nine African-American worshippers at a Charleston church in 2015, he was keen to claim that he "only really took true inspiration from Knight Justiciar [Anders] Breivik." In another passage, he stated fancifully that he had contacted the "reborn" Knights Templar organization, which Breivik claimed to have founded, "for a blessing in support of the attack, which was given." (80) This was likely untrue.
"It is as a direct result of the Residential Research Library project which draws on resources from the three major collections, and I am delighted that Dr Pohl's visit here has increased the breadth of knowledge relating to the Ushaw College Library" In addition to the Archbishop of York, the Chief Justiciar of England and the Sheriff of Yorkshire and Northumberland listed in the charter roll, the original charter also names the Constable of Chester, the Sheriff of Berkshire, Cornwall and Devon, the Royal Justice and Baron of the Exchequer, the Lord of Kendal, one Germanus Tison and even the bishop's own son, Henry, as witnesses.
Breivik, who, in the manifesto of the terrorist, is referred to as 'Knight Justiciar Breivik' from whom he had taken 'true inspiration', could have served as a blueprint for another terrorist attack.
He claims to have contacted the "reborn Knights Templar" for a blessing, explicitly linking this with "Knight Justiciar Breivik" later in the document.
Despite mentioning Roof, it was Breivik, who her referred to as "Knight Justiciar Breivik," as a person he "took true inspiration from," wrote Tarrant.
He added: "I have read the writings of Dylann Roof and many others, but only really took true inspiration from Knight Justiciar Breivik." Tarrant grew up in the small city of Grafton in New South Wales - which has a population of 19,000 - claimed he began plotting the attacks on Muslims two years ago and chose the targeted location three months ago.
(308) Ranulf de Glanvil was Chief Justiciar in England under Henry II in 1180, and was most likely the author of TREATISE ON THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF THE KINGDOM OF ENGLAND.
(22) Le tout premier de ces juges qui ait porte le titre de Chief Justiciar, et qui occupa la fonction de 1102 a 1116, fut Roger le Poer ou Roger of Salisbury.
This is followed by some discussion of de Geneville's predecessors in Ireland and of his background in France, and then of his role in Ireland at a local level in Trim and Meath and, more broadly, as justiciar of Ireland (figure 2).