juvenile-onset diabetes


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diabe′tes mel′li•tus

(ˈmɛl ɪ təs)
n.
either of two chronic forms of diabetes in which insulin does not effectively transport glucose from the bloodstream: a rapidly developing form, affecting children and young adults, in which the body does not produce enough insulin and insulin must therefore be injected (juvenile-onset diabetes) or a slowly developing form in which the body's tissues become unable to use insulin effectively (adult-onset diabetes).
[< New Latin: literally, sweet diabetes]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.juvenile-onset diabetes - severe diabetes mellitus with an early onsetjuvenile-onset diabetes - severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
diabetic acidosis, ketoacidosis - acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
diabetes mellitus, DM - diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria; "when doctors say `diabetes' they usually mean `diabetes mellitus'"
autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder - any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
References in periodicals archive ?
The other study included 628 patients with type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile-onset diabetes. Over five to 12 years of follow-up, participants who had high TNF receptor levels at the start were three times as likely to develop chronic kidney disease as those with low receptor levels.
The basic mechanism of diabetes in later life (compared to juvenile-onset diabetes) is resistance to insulin, which increases with increasing body fat.

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