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n. Judaism
A prayer recited in the daily synagogue services and by mourners after the death of a close relative.

[From Aramaic qaddiš, holy, sacred, from qədaš, to become holy, be sacred (so called after the first words of the prayer); see qdš in Semitic roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl Kaddishim (kæˈdɪʃɪm)
1. (Judaism) an ancient Jewish liturgical prayer largely written in Aramaic and used in various forms to separate sections of the liturgy. Mourners have the right to recite some of these in public prayer during the year after, and on the anniversary of, a death
2. (Judaism) say Kaddish to be a mourner
[C17: from Aramaic qaddīsh holy]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkɑ dɪʃ)

n., pl. kad•di•shim (kɑˈdɪʃ ɪm)
Judaism. (often cap.)
1. a liturgical prayer glorifying God that is recited during each of the daily services.
2. a form of this prayer recited by mourners.
[1605–15; < Aramaic qaddīsh holy (one)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The state ceremony included musical performances, an IDF Paratroopers Honor Guard and the traditional recitation of a chapter from Psalms, the Kaddish mourner's prayer and El Maleh Rahamim, the Jewish prayer for the souls of the martyrs.
When a chance encounter with a troubled youth triggers an epic attack of guilt for his long-ago rebellion, Shuli goes off on a quixotic mission to find the proxy he once hired on kaddish.com and reclaim the right to properly mourn his father.
When requesting Kaddish's services, Lila Finkel describes a novel framework for probing the dichotomy of memory and forgetting.
"To this collection of jewels undoubtedly belongs the 'Kaddish' Symphony and the Symphony No.2, another wonderful work recorded with Mirga Grainyte-Tyla and the CBSO which will be on the new Deutsche Grammophon CD.
We were sharing a tradition that really meant something to some of us, as I would come to share Passover Seders with them and, in time, the Mourner's Kaddish.
During the event, a speech from German Chancellor Angela Merkel will be read aloud, the RathsChor choir from the northern German city of Bremen will perform, and a rabbi from the liberal reform branch of Judaism will recite a kaddish, a hymn of praise to God that is often part of mourning rituals.
In several stories, banished women take over religious responsibilities from the absent men, saying kaddish or directing celebrations.
Simon wrote on Twitter: "Kaddish for Philip Roth, the great American novelist of our post-war world."
Brandeis was cremated, which is against Jewish law, and Kaddish was not recited at his funeral, yet he legitimized Zionism for many American Jews and Christians.
In January 1944, Bernstein premiered "Jeremiah," the first of his three symphonies that included "Age of Anxiety" and "Kaddish." He followed "Jeremiah" by composing numerous concert works ("Chichester Psalms," "Mass"), theater works ("On the Town," "Wonderful Town," "Candide," "A Quiet Place," songs and chorus for "Peter Pan," "West Side Story"), film scores ("On the Waterfront," among others), and ballet scores ("Fancy Free," "Dybbuk").
In his chapter on "Kaddish," a poem thought by some to be Ginsberg's greatest achievement, Katz emphasizes the influence of Naomi Ginsberg's political commitment on her young son, which is expressed throughout the poem:" 'Kaddish' functions, perhaps even more than 'Howl,' as a poem of witness" (104).
He examines Talmudic perspectives on grief, burial, and the afterlife, shows how Jewish approaches to death changed during the Middle Ages with thinkers like Maimonides and in the mystical writings of the Zohar, and delves into such matters as the origins of the custom of reciting Kaddish for the deceased and beliefs about encountering the dead in visions and dreams.