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Related to kainite: langbeinite, Kainate


 (kī′nīt′, kā′-)
A white, gray, pink, or black mineral, MgSO4·KCl·3H2O, used as a fertilizer and a source of potassium compounds.

[Greek kainos, new; see ken- in Indo-European roots + -ite.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Minerals) a white mineral consisting of potassium chloride and magnesium sulphate: a fertilizer and source of potassium salts. Formula: KCl.MgSO4.3H2O
[C19: from German Kainit, from Greek kainos new + -ite1]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkaɪ naɪt, ˈkeɪ-)

a mineral, hydrous magnesium sulfate and potassium chloride, occurring in granular masses: a source of potassium salts.
[< German Kainit (1865) < Greek kain(ós) new, recent]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.kainite - a white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer
atomic number 19, potassium, K - a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
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References in periodicals archive ?
Glutamate works through several receptors, including N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA-R), [alpha]-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA-R), and kainite, alongside the metabotropic receptors.
Ionotropic kainite glutamate receptor GluR6 was the first ionotropic receptor shown to be palmitoylated [178].
(27) These exons have shown to be the most inducible BDNF transcripts in response to KCl-mediated membrane depolarization in embryonic cortical neuron cultures and to kainite treatment.
Pharmacogenetic tests of topiramate have focused on an SNP for a gene encoding one of topiramate's primary receptor targets: the kainite Gluk1 receptor.
Three forms of the ionotropic receptors exist: the kainite (KA), the AMPA, and the NMDA receptors.
AMPA and Kainite receptors mediate fast excitatory transmission.
It is located on chromosome 6q16.3 and contains 16 exons, which encodes a kainite receptor subunit involved in synaptic transmission and is highly expressed in the brain.
The overall production strategy is to initially produce standard MOP from Sylvite mineralisation and to progressively transition the project to include the production of Granular MOP, standard and granular SOP and K-Mg sulphates from Carnallite, Kainite and Kieserite mineralisation.
Activation of kainite and AMPA-receptors occurs in oligodendrocytes leading to the damaging and losing of olygodendroglia.