As 'common denominators' among the attractive wood substrates, these 4 sesquiterpenes are the most likely candidates that should be evaluated as kairomones
Metcalf [eds.], Plant Kairomones
in Insect Ecology and Control.
In addition to larval frass, other parts of the host larva such as hemolymph, alimentary canal, fat bodies, labial glands, and mandibular glands may be the source of 1 or more kairomones
that stimulate oviposition movements in larval parasitoid species (Arthur 1981).
Sugayama and Malavasi (2000) reported that fruit growth causes the release of volatile compounds (kairomones
) that stimulate the flight of females in search for hosts for oviposition.
Crustacean peptide and peptide-like pheromones and kairomones
. Peptides 25:1503-1516.
Size dependent behavioral response of snails to crayfish kairomones
. Catherine Issac* and John Niedzwiecki, Belmont University, Nashville, Tennessee.
Zoeae of Rhithropanopeus harrisii also express differences in spine lengths across broods and have been observed to develop Ionger spines when exposed to fish kairomones
(Charpentier et al., 2017).
In the push technology, desmodium produces chemical substances (kairomones
) that push away stem borers.
Volatile compounds induced by herbivory act as aggregation kairomones
for the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman).
Direct chemical cues produced by the predator (kairomones
) can be recognized by the prey.
Predators could sense the odour produced by its prey as a kairomones
while finding food, however this since assumed to be stronger in adult predators as compared to their immatures (Sengonca and Liu, 1994).
Exposing tadpoles to alarm cues from damaged conspecifics and kairomones
from a predator (after a learning event) and the corresponding reduction in activity were recorded.