kala-azar


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ka·la-a·zar

 (kä′lə-ə-zär′)
n.
A type of leishmaniasis occurring chiefly in India, caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani and characterized by fever, enlargement of the spleen and liver, progressive anemia and leukopenia, and weight loss.

[Urdu kālā āzār : kālā, black (from Sanskrit kāla-; see Kali) + āzār, disease (from Persian, from Middle Persian, pain, torment, from āzārdan, āzār-, to torment : ā-, to + -zār-, to make angry).]

kala-azar

(ˌkɑːləəˈzɑː)
n
(Pathology) a tropical infectious disease caused by the protozoan Leishmania donovani in the liver, spleen, etc, characterized by fever and weight loss; visceral leishmaniasis
[from Assamese kālā black + āzār disease]

ka•la-a•zar

(ˌkɑ lə əˈzɑr)

n.
a tropical parasitic disease marked by irregular fevers, enlarged spleen, and anemia, caused by the protozoan Leishmania donovani, and transmitted by sand flies.
[1880–85; < Hindi, =kālā black + Persian āzār disease]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.kala-azar - leishmaniasis of the viscerakala-azar - leishmaniasis of the viscera  
kala azar, leishmaniasis, leishmaniosis - sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
References in periodicals archive ?
Professor Brahmchari who first used an antimony compound for treating kala-azar in the 1920s was even nominated for the Nobel Prize in 1929.
Eleven people have died of kala-azar in Turkana and Marsabit counties, Kibore said, adding that the same number of fatalities has been reported in Isiolo, West Pokot and northeastern Kenya.
Amphotericin B has long been recognized as a powerful anti kala-azar drug and still remains to be the only safer and effective parenteral therapy for kala-azar.
Kala-azar is transmitted by bite of sand fly and kills victims within weeks if not treated.
Among the so-called tropical diseases, kala-azar is one of the WHO's priorities.
Persons reported with fever for >2 weeks, anemia, weight loss, and palpable spleen or liver and who were negative for malaria were tested for kala-azar by using the rK39 diagnostic kit (InBiOS, Seattle, WA, USA).
Ismail, "Identification of Leishmania donovani using a polymerase chain reaction in patient and animal material obtained from an area of endemic kala-azar in the Sudan," Acta Tropica, vol.
About 165.4 million population and 12 states are suffering from kala-azar, of which 48 districts in four states, namely West Bengal, Bihar, UttarPradesh and Jharkhand are endemic (7).
A total of 38 volumes on the topics like Plague, Kala-azar, Medicinal Plants, Rabies, Filariasis, Malaria and Anopheline Mosquitoes were brought out between 1924 to 1954.
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or kala-azar, caused by Leishmania donovani, L.
Studies of the anemia in kala-azar in 68 childhood cases.
Dr Abdallah El Harith a lecturer at the school of Medicine, Ustaza Duria Mansur a lecturer at the school of Family Sciences and Ustaza Iman Shamat of the Laboratories Unit participated in a number of Conferences in Addis Ababa, Quander and Damascus for research and presenting efforts made in the field of the Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar).