kanamycin


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Related to kanamycin: chloramphenicol, Kanamycin sulfate

kan·a·my·cin

 (kăn′ə-mī′sĭn)
n.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, C18H36N4O11, obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus and used to treat a variety of bacterial infections, usually in its sulfate form.

[New Latin kanamyc(ēticus), specific epithet (Japanese kana-, golden (from the color of its colonies), combining form of kane, gold (possibly of late Old Chinese origin and akin to Mandarin jīn, and Cantonese gam1, gold) + New Latin mycēticus, fungus, from -mycētēs; see -mycete) + -in.]

kanamycin

(ˌkænəˈmaɪsɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) an aminoglycoside antibiotic obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus, used in the treatment of various infections, esp those caused by Gram-negative bacteria. Formula: C18H36N4O11
[C20: from New Latin kanamyceticus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.kanamycin - antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
Translations
kanamicina
References in periodicals archive ?
amikacin [aminoglycoside], kanamycin [aminoglycoside], or capreomycin [polypeptide]) yields reproducible and reliable results, whereas drug-susceptibility testing to other second-line drugs is less reliable.
The assay is prone to interference from aminoglycoside antibiotics, particularly gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin, paromomycin, geneticin, and kanamycin (1, 2, 4, 5), but the degree of interference varies with different PRM methods.
Antibiotic disks (Oxoid, UK) of 10 antimicrobial agents: ampicillin (Amp), amikacin (An), chloramphenicol (Chl), ciprofloxacin (Cip), ceftriaxone (Cro), kanamycin (Kan), streptomycin (Str), tetracycline (Tet), trimethoprim (Tmp), and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (SxT) were tested.
The drugs in this class, which include amikacin (Amikin), gentamicin (Garamycin), kanamycin (Kantrex), neomycin, streptomycin, and tobramycin (Nebcin), are rated C or D.
8, and 30 [micro]g/mL kanamycin to select transformed shoots.
The gene, which codes for resistance to the antibiotic kanamycin, can serve as a research guide in the effort to improve cotton using recombinant DNA.
Amikacin is a member of the aminoglycoside family of antibiotics, which also includes gentamicin, tobramycin, vancomycin and kanamycin.
coli M15 cells containing pQE-30 vector were grown in presence of kanamycin @ 50 mg/ml and ampicillin @ 50 mg/ml.
Susceptibility testing for the baseline and the last follow-up (final) isolates from each patient were determined for isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, streptomycin, kanamycin, amikacin, capreomycin, ofloxacin, ethionamide, and paraaminosalicylic acid.
Drug sensitivity by radiometric method showed bacilli were resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin but were sensitive to ethambutol, kanamycin, ethionamide, levofloxacin, cycloserine, and para aminosalicylic acid.
Since the discovery [2] of streptomycin in 1944, a series of related compounds like neomycin (1949), kanamycin (1957), paromomycin (1959), gentamicin (1963) and tobramycin (1968) have been added to the family of aminoglycoside antibiotics.
The second-line injectable drugs (amikacin, kanamycin, capreomycin) have significant adverse effects, especially ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity.