amikacin [aminoglycoside], kanamycin
[aminoglycoside], or capreomycin [polypeptide]) yields reproducible and reliable results, whereas drug-susceptibility testing to other second-line drugs is less reliable.
The assay is prone to interference from aminoglycoside antibiotics, particularly gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin, paromomycin, geneticin, and kanamycin
(1, 2, 4, 5), but the degree of interference varies with different PRM methods.
Antibiotic disks (Oxoid, UK) of 10 antimicrobial agents: ampicillin (Amp), amikacin (An), chloramphenicol (Chl), ciprofloxacin (Cip), ceftriaxone (Cro), kanamycin
(Kan), streptomycin (Str), tetracycline (Tet), trimethoprim (Tmp), and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (SxT) were tested.
The drugs in this class, which include amikacin (Amikin), gentamicin (Garamycin), kanamycin
(Kantrex), neomycin, streptomycin, and tobramycin (Nebcin), are rated C or D.
8, and 30 [micro]g/mL kanamycin
to select transformed shoots.
The gene, which codes for resistance to the antibiotic kanamycin
, can serve as a research guide in the effort to improve cotton using recombinant DNA.
Amikacin is a member of the aminoglycoside family of antibiotics, which also includes gentamicin, tobramycin, vancomycin and kanamycin
coli M15 cells containing pQE-30 vector were grown in presence of kanamycin
@ 50 mg/ml and ampicillin @ 50 mg/ml.
Susceptibility testing for the baseline and the last follow-up (final) isolates from each patient were determined for isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, streptomycin, kanamycin
, amikacin, capreomycin, ofloxacin, ethionamide, and paraaminosalicylic acid.
Drug sensitivity by radiometric method showed bacilli were resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin but were sensitive to ethambutol, kanamycin
, ethionamide, levofloxacin, cycloserine, and para aminosalicylic acid.
Since the discovery  of streptomycin in 1944, a series of related compounds like neomycin (1949), kanamycin
(1957), paromomycin (1959), gentamicin (1963) and tobramycin (1968) have been added to the family of aminoglycoside antibiotics.
The second-line injectable drugs (amikacin, kanamycin
, capreomycin) have significant adverse effects, especially ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity.