karyotype

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kar·y·o·type

 (kăr′ē-ə-tīp′)
n.
1. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
tr.v. kar·y·o·typed, kar·y·o·typ·ing, kar·y·o·types
To classify and array (the chromosome complement of an organism or a species) according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.

kar′y·o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk), kar′y·o·typ′i·cal adj.

karyotype

(ˈkærɪəˌtaɪp)
n
(Biology) the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
vb (tr)
(Biology) to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
karyotypic, ˌkaryoˈtypical adj

kar•y•o•type

(ˈkær i əˌtaɪp)

n.
the chromosomes of a cell, usu. displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.
[1925–30]
kar`y•o•typ′i•cal, adj.

kar·y·o·type

(kăr′ē-ə-tīp′)
The number and shape of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. Scientists prepare karyotypes by staining cell nuclei, placing them on slides, and then photographing them through a microscope. Images of the chromosomes can then be grouped by size using a computer. Karyotypes are used to study the genetic makeup of an individual.

karyotype

the aggregate of morphological characteristics of the chromosomes in a cell. — karyotypic, karyotypical, adj.
See also: Cells

karyotype


Past participle: karyotyped
Gerund: karyotyping

Imperative
karyotype
karyotype
Present
I karyotype
you karyotype
he/she/it karyotypes
we karyotype
you karyotype
they karyotype
Preterite
I karyotyped
you karyotyped
he/she/it karyotyped
we karyotyped
you karyotyped
they karyotyped
Present Continuous
I am karyotyping
you are karyotyping
he/she/it is karyotyping
we are karyotyping
you are karyotyping
they are karyotyping
Present Perfect
I have karyotyped
you have karyotyped
he/she/it has karyotyped
we have karyotyped
you have karyotyped
they have karyotyped
Past Continuous
I was karyotyping
you were karyotyping
he/she/it was karyotyping
we were karyotyping
you were karyotyping
they were karyotyping
Past Perfect
I had karyotyped
you had karyotyped
he/she/it had karyotyped
we had karyotyped
you had karyotyped
they had karyotyped
Future
I will karyotype
you will karyotype
he/she/it will karyotype
we will karyotype
you will karyotype
they will karyotype
Future Perfect
I will have karyotyped
you will have karyotyped
he/she/it will have karyotyped
we will have karyotyped
you will have karyotyped
they will have karyotyped
Future Continuous
I will be karyotyping
you will be karyotyping
he/she/it will be karyotyping
we will be karyotyping
you will be karyotyping
they will be karyotyping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been karyotyping
you have been karyotyping
he/she/it has been karyotyping
we have been karyotyping
you have been karyotyping
they have been karyotyping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been karyotyping
you will have been karyotyping
he/she/it will have been karyotyping
we will have been karyotyping
you will have been karyotyping
they will have been karyotyping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been karyotyping
you had been karyotyping
he/she/it had been karyotyping
we had been karyotyping
you had been karyotyping
they had been karyotyping
Conditional
I would karyotype
you would karyotype
he/she/it would karyotype
we would karyotype
you would karyotype
they would karyotype
Past Conditional
I would have karyotyped
you would have karyotyped
he/she/it would have karyotyped
we would have karyotyped
you would have karyotyped
they would have karyotyped
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.karyotype - the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)
physical composition, composition, make-up, makeup, constitution - the way in which someone or something is composed
Translations

kar·y·o·type

n. cariotipo, cromosoma característico de un individuo o de una especie.

karyotype

n cariotipo
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the international system for human cytogenetic nomenclature (ISCN), marker chromosomes are "structurally abnormal chromosomes of unknown origin and commonly found in karyotypes of cancer patients and patients with constitutional genetic disorders" (ISCN 2009).
Four karyotypes viz, normal male (46XY), normal female (46XX), a Down syndrome (47 XY+21) and a Turner Syndrome (45XO) have been presented in Figure-2.
On the contrary, no significant differences in C-values were found between the two regions in the North Pacific group (Pacific Northeast and Northwest), although slight differences in species karyotypes were observed between the two areas.
Afterwards, several karyotype studies have been carried out across its distribution range and revealed obvious chromosomal polymorphisms as well as several different karyotypes (Savic and Soldatovic, 1984; Yuksel, 1984; Gulkac and Yuksel, 1989; Nevo, 1991; Yuksel and Gulkac, 1992; Nevo et al., 1994a, b, 1995; Kilic, 1995; Coskun, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2004a, b; Ivanitskaya et al., 1997; Coskun et al., 2006; 2010a, b, 2012a, b, 2014, 2015, 2016; Arslan and Zima, 2015, 2017).
The spectrum of pathology of vision and hearing in Turner syndrome girls with different karyotypes Pathology All TS girls 45,X 45,X/46,XX n=346 n=200 n=84 Amblyopia, % 5.43 4.91 5.26 Strabismus, % 6.00 5.32 5.20 Myopia, % 8.65 8.04 10.57 Frequent otitis, % 12.62 17.37 10.54 Hearing loss, % 9.39 10.62 5.28 Pathology Structural abnormalities p of chromosome X n=62 Amblyopia, % 4.62 p>0.05 Strabismus, % 8.11 p>0.05 Myopia, % 8.14 p>0.05 Frequent otitis, % 5.46 (*) p<0.01 Hearing loss, % 8.17 p>0.05 TS: Turner syndrome, (*): the difference between groups of patients with karyotype 45X and structural abnormalities of chromosome X Table 2.
This scenario reveals unique evolutionary and recombination pathways in each taxon, thus generating cytotaxonomic markers, even among species with apparent similar karyotypes (Kubat et al.
Patients without karyotyping results, mixed sex chromosome or XX karyotypes were excluded from the study.
Thus, in order to assist in the chromosomal and evolutionary knowledge of the genus Panstrongylus and Triatominae subfamily, this study aimed to analyze the karyotype of P lutzi and compare with karyotypes already described for other species of the triatomines.
The term complex/aberrant is designated to describe karyotypes with multiple unrelated cytogenetic abnormalities.
Poland, "Placental morphology in spontaneous human abortuses with normal and abnormal karyotypes," Teratology, vol.
Karyotypes related to Intermediate Prognostic Outcome