"He tauira tuturu tenei o ngai Maori e mahi ngatahi ana me te Kawanatanga
kia eke panuku nga tumanako whare hei tautoko i nga whanau e momoho ake nei," ki ta Minita Mahuta.
The issue is not so much whether any given activity is a kawanatanga
or rangatiratanga responsibility, but one of who should hold mana whakahaere (management, governance or authority) over that activity to achieve the objectives of both parties.
For this to be more than a vision, the following principles must apply: nga kawenga, accountability for Maori goals and aspirations; tino rangatiratanga, supporting aspirations for Maori self-determination in relation to tertiary education; toi te mana, empowerment; and mana tiriti/ahu kawanatanga
, the space to make a contribution to the partnership.
Te mana te kawanatanga
: The politics of Maori self-determination.
under art 1, Maori leaders gave the Queen 'te Kawanatanga
The Maori-language version, which contains the most signatures (more than 500 Maori chiefs), records that Maori would retain tino rangatiratanga (sovereignty) over their lands and treasures, but otherwise gave kawanatanga
(governance) rights to the British Crown.
mana, but kawanatanga
, a transliteration of 'governorship' improvised by the missionaries, which to the Maori might not have meant more than the coming of the first governor.
This paper explores some pre-1918 (2) examples of what can be found in standard government archives, in this case the archives of the New Zealand government as held at Archives New Zealand, Te Rua Mahara o te Kawanatanga
, in Wellington.
(38) Archives New Zealand/Te Rua Mahara o te Kawanatanga
Christchurch Regional Office, 'Captain Simeon to Committee--list of books belonging to the Canterbury Association--25/09/1852 (R21007184)', Archives Reference: CH290, box 138, record no 6/7 1015, p.
This all hangs on the word "kawanatanga
" allegedly not meaning sovereignty.
(28) Mason Durie, Te Mana, Te Kawanatanga
: The Politics of MaoriSelf-determination (Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1998).
(1998) Te Mana, te Kawanatanga
: The Politics of Maori Self Determination, Oxford University Press, Auckland.