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Related to keep: keep busy


v. kept, keep·ing, keeps
1. To retain possession of: kept the change; must keep your composure.
2. To have as a supply: keep spare parts in case of emergency.
a. To provide (a family, for example) with maintenance and support: "There's little to earn and many to keep" (Charles Kingsley).
b. To support (a mistress or lover) financially.
4. To put customarily; store: Where do you keep your saw?
a. To supply with room and board for a charge: keep boarders.
b. To raise: keep chickens.
6. To maintain for use or service: an urbanite who didn't keep a car.
7. To manage, tend, or have charge of: Keep the shop while I'm away.
8. To preserve (food).
9. To cause to continue in a state, condition, or course of action: tried to keep the patient calm.
a. To maintain records or entries in: keep a yearly diary.
b. To enter (data) in a book: keep financial records.
a. To detain: was kept after school.
b. To restrain: kept the child away from the stove; kept the crowd back with barriers.
c. To prevent or deter: tried to keep the ice from melting.
d. To refrain from divulging: keep a secret.
e. To save; reserve: keep extra money for emergencies.
12. To adhere or conform to; follow: keep late hours.
13. To be faithful to; fulfill: keep one's word.
14. To celebrate; observe: keep the Sabbath.
1. To remain in a state or condition; stay: keep in line; keep quiet; kept well.
2. To continue to do: keep on talking; keep guessing.
3. To remain fresh or unspoiled: The dessert won't keep.
4. To restrain oneself; hold oneself back: I couldn't keep from eavesdropping.
1. Care; charge: The child is in my keep for the day.
2. The means by which one is supported: earn one's keep.
a. The stronghold of a castle.
b. A jail.
Phrasal Verbs:
keep at
To persevere in work or an action.
keep down
1. To prevent from growing, accomplishing, or succeeding: keep the revolutionaries down.
2. To hold under control or at a reduced level: Keep your voice down.
3. To refrain from vomiting: Although seasick, I managed to keep my food down.
keep off
To stay away from.
keep to
To adhere to: keep to the original purpose.
keep up
1. To maintain in good condition: kept up the property.
2. To persevere in; carry on: We asked her to stop talking, but she kept it up. To preserve or sustain: kept up the appearance of friendship.
3. To continue at the same level or pace: The snow kept up all day.
4. To continue to pay off (a financial obligation).
5. To match one's competitors, colleagues, or neighbors in success or lifestyle: couldn't keep up with his friends who went into business.
6. To remain adequately informed: loved to keep up on the gossip.
for keeps
1. For an indefinitely long period: gave the ring to me for keeps.
2. Seriously and permanently: We're separating for keeps.
keep an eye on
1. To watch over attentively; mind.
2. To watch closely or carefully: keep your eye on the ball.
keep an eye out
To be watchful.
keep a stiff upper lip
To be courageous or stoic in the face of adversity.
keep company
1. To carry on a courtship: a couple who kept company but never married.
2. To socialize or associate: keeps company with some tough thugs.
keep (one's) chin up
To be stalwart, courageous, or optimistic in the face of difficulty.
keep (one's) eyes open/peeled
To be on the lookout.
keep (one's) nose clean Informal
To stay out of trouble.
keep pace
To stay even with others, as in a contest.
keep (someone) company
To accompany or remain with.
keep the wolf from the door
To avoid the privation and suffering resulting from a lack of money: Both spouses had to work in order to keep the wolf from the door.
keep time
1. To indicate the correct time.
2. Music To maintain the tempo or rhythm.
keep to (oneself)
1. To shun the company of others: She kept to herself all morning.
2. To refrain from divulging: He kept the news to himself.

[Middle English kepen, from Old English cēpan, to observe, seize.]
Synonyms: keep, retain, withhold, reserve
These verbs mean to have and maintain in one's possession or control. Keep is the most general: We received a few offers but decided to keep the house. Retain means to continue to hold, especially in the face of possible loss: Though unhappy, he retained his sense of humor. Withhold implies reluctance or refusal to give, grant, or allow: The tenant withheld his rent until the owner fixed the boiler. To reserve is to hold back for the future or for a special purpose: The farmer reserved two acres for an orchard. See Also Synonyms at observe.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


vb, keeps, keeping or kept (kɛpt)
1. (tr) to have or retain possession of
2. (tr) to have temporary possession or charge of: keep my watch for me during the game.
3. (tr) to store in a customary place: I keep my books in the desk.
4. to remain or cause to remain in a specified state or condition: keep the dog quiet; keep ready.
5. to continue or cause to continue: keep the beat; keep in step.
6. (tr) to have or take charge or care of: keep the shop for me till I return.
7. (tr) to look after or maintain for use, pleasure, etc: to keep chickens; keep two cars.
8. (tr) to provide for the upkeep or livelihood of
9. (tr) to support financially, esp in return for sexual favours: he keeps a mistress in the country.
10. to confine or detain or be confined or detained
11. to withhold or reserve or admit of withholding or reserving: your news will keep till later.
12. (tr) to refrain from divulging or violating: to keep a secret; keep one's word.
13. to preserve or admit of preservation
14. (sometimes foll by: up) to observe with due rites or ceremonies: to keep Christmas.
15. (tr) to maintain by writing regular records in: to keep a diary.
16. (when: intr, foll by in, on, to, etc) to stay in, on, or at (a place or position): please keep your seats; keep to the path.
17. (tr) to associate with (esp in the phrase keep bad company)
18. (tr) to maintain in existence: to keep court in the palace.
19. (tr) chiefly Brit to have habitually in stock: this shop keeps all kinds of wool.
20. how are you keeping? how are you?
21. keep tabs on informal to keep a watchful eye on
22. keep track of See track15
23. keep time See time42
24. (Cricket) keep wicket to play as wicketkeeper in the game of cricket
25. you can keep it informal I have no interest in what you are offering
26. living or support: he must work for his keep.
27. archaic charge or care
28. (Architecture) Also called: dungeon or donjon the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress
[Old English cēpan to observe; compare Old Saxon kapōn to look, Old Norse kōpa to stare]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



v. kept, keep•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to hold or retain in one's possession, either permanently or temporarily.
2. to hold in a given place; put or store: to keep mints in a dish.
3. to maintain (some action), as in accordance with duty: to keep watch.
4. to cause to continue in a given position, state, course, or action: to keep a light burning.
5. to maintain in condition or order: to keep a lawn mowed.
6. to maintain in usable or edible condition; preserve: to keep meat by freezing it.
7. to hold in custody or under guard, as a prisoner.
8. to cause to stay in a particular place; detain: The work kept me at the office.
9. to have readily available for use or sale: to keep machine parts in stock.
10. to maintain in one's service or for one's use: to keep a car and chauffeur.
11. to associate with: to keep bad company.
12. to have the care, charge, or custody of: She keeps my dog when I travel.
13. to refrain from disclosing: to keep a secret.
14. to withhold, as from use; reserve: to keep the best wine for guests.
15. to restrain or prevent, as from an action: to keep a pipe from leaking.
16. to control; regulate: to keep one's temper.
17. to maintain by writing: to keep a diary.
18. to record regularly or consistently: to keep attendance figures.
19. to observe; obey or fulfill (a law, rule, promise, etc.).
20. to observe (a season, festival, etc.) with formalities or rites.
21. to maintain or carry on, as an establishment or business; manage.
22. to guard; protect: He kept her from harm.
23. to maintain or support: Can you keep a family on those wages?
24. to take care of; tend: to keep an herb garden.
25. to raise and provide for the care of as owner: to keep goats.
26. to remain in (a place, spot, etc.): Please keep your seats.
27. to maintain one's position in or on: to keep a job.
28. to continue to follow (a path, course, etc.).
29. to continue in an action, course, position, or state: to keep going; to keep calm.
30. to remain in a particular place: to keep indoors.
31. to continue without damage or spoilage: Will the milk keep for another day?
32. to admit of being reserved for a future occasion: The rest of the story will keep.
33. to stay as specified (fol. by away, back, off, out, etc.): Keep off the grass.
34. to restrain oneself; refrain (usu. fol. by from): Try to keep from smiling.
35. keep at, to persevere in.
36. keep back,
a. to hold in check; restrain.
b. to stay away from.
37. keep down,
a. to maintain at an acceptable level; control.
b. to prevent from advancing or flourishing.
c. to avoid regurgitation of.
38. keep on, to persevere.
39. keep to,
a. to conform to: to keep to the rules.
b. to confine oneself to: to keep to one's bed.
40. keep up,
a. to perform as swiftly or successfully as others.
b. to persevere; continue.
c. to maintain in good condition or repair.
d. to stay informed.
41. board and lodging; support.
42. the innermost and strongest structure or central tower of a medieval castle; dungeon.
1. for keeps,
a. with the understanding that winnings are retained by the winner.
b. with serious intent or purpose.
c. permanently; forever.
2. keep to oneself,
a. to remain aloof from the society of others.
b. to hold (something) as secret or confidential.
[before 1000; Middle English kepen, Old English cēpan to observe, heed, watch, take]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. used as a transitive verb

If you keep something or someone in a place, you cause them to remain in that place. The past tense and -ed participle of keep is kept.

Where do you keep your keys?
The doctors kept her in hospital for another week.

To keep someone or something in a particular state means to cause them to remain in that state.

The fire kept them warm.
They had been kept awake by birds.
2. used as an intransitive verb

To keep in a particular state means to remain in that state.

They've got to hunt for food to keep alive.
3. used with an -ing form

Keep can be used in two different ways with an -ing form.

You can use it to say that something is repeated many times.

The phone keeps ringing.
My mother keeps asking questions.

You can also use it to say that something continues to happen and does not stop.

I turned back after a while, but he kept walking.
The fire is still burning. I think it'll keep going all night.

For emphasis, you can use keep on instead of 'keep'.

Did he give up or keep on trying?

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone or something 'keeps to do' something.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: kept
Gerund: keeping

I keep
you keep
he/she/it keeps
we keep
you keep
they keep
I kept
you kept
he/she/it kept
we kept
you kept
they kept
Present Continuous
I am keeping
you are keeping
he/she/it is keeping
we are keeping
you are keeping
they are keeping
Present Perfect
I have kept
you have kept
he/she/it has kept
we have kept
you have kept
they have kept
Past Continuous
I was keeping
you were keeping
he/she/it was keeping
we were keeping
you were keeping
they were keeping
Past Perfect
I had kept
you had kept
he/she/it had kept
we had kept
you had kept
they had kept
I will keep
you will keep
he/she/it will keep
we will keep
you will keep
they will keep
Future Perfect
I will have kept
you will have kept
he/she/it will have kept
we will have kept
you will have kept
they will have kept
Future Continuous
I will be keeping
you will be keeping
he/she/it will be keeping
we will be keeping
you will be keeping
they will be keeping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been keeping
you have been keeping
he/she/it has been keeping
we have been keeping
you have been keeping
they have been keeping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been keeping
you will have been keeping
he/she/it will have been keeping
we will have been keeping
you will have been keeping
they will have been keeping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been keeping
you had been keeping
he/she/it had been keeping
we had been keeping
you had been keeping
they had been keeping
I would keep
you would keep
he/she/it would keep
we would keep
you would keep
they would keep
Past Conditional
I would have kept
you would have kept
he/she/it would have kept
we would have kept
you would have kept
they would have kept
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.keep - the financial means whereby one liveskeep - the financial means whereby one lives; "each child was expected to pay for their keep"; "he applied to the state for support"; "he could no longer earn his own livelihood"
resource - available source of wealth; a new or reserve supply that can be drawn upon when needed
amenities, comforts, conveniences, creature comforts - things that make you comfortable and at ease; "all the comforts of home"
maintenance - means of maintenance of a family or group
meal ticket - a source of income or livelihood
subsistence - minimal (or marginal) resources for subsisting; "social security provided only a bare subsistence"
2.keep - the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortresskeep - the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress
castle - a large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack
stronghold, fastness - a strongly fortified defensive structure
3.keep - a cell in a jail or prison
jail cell, prison cell, cell - a room where a prisoner is kept
Verb1.keep - keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes"
pressurise, pressurize - maintain a certain pressure; "the airplane cabin is pressurized"; "pressurize a space suit"
preserve, uphold, carry on, continue, bear on - keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; "preserve the peace in the family"; "continue the family tradition"; "Carry on the old traditions"
hold over - keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time
conserve - keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change; "Energy is conserved in this process"
preserve - keep undisturbed for personal or private use for hunting, shooting, or fishing; "preserve the forest and the lakes"
distance - keep at a distance; "we have to distance ourselves from these events in order to continue living"
housekeep - maintain a household; take care of all business related to a household
keep down, number - place a limit on the number of
keep apart, sequestrate, set apart, isolate, sequester - set apart from others; "The dentist sequesters the tooth he is working on"
stay off, keep off - refrain from entering or walking onto; "keep off the grass"; "stay off the premises"
keep up - maintain a required pace or level; "He could not keep up and dropped out of the race"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
keep out, shut out, exclude, shut - prevent from entering; shut out; "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"; "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"
keep in - cause to stay indoors
sustain, keep up, prolong - lengthen or extend in duration or space; "We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible"; "prolong the treatment of the patient"; "keep up the good work"
2.keep - continue a certain state, condition, or activity; "Keep on working!"; "We continued to work into the night"; "Keep smiling"; "We went on working until well past midnight"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
preserve, uphold, carry on, continue, bear on - keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; "preserve the peace in the family"; "continue the family tradition"; "Carry on the old traditions"
hold - remain in a certain state, position, or condition; "The weather held"; "They held on the road and kept marching"
keep going, run on - continue uninterrupted; "The disease will run on unchecked"; "The party kept going until 4 A.M."
ride - continue undisturbed and without interference; "Let it ride"
continue - continue after an interruption; "The demonstration continued after a break for lunch"
3.keep - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
hold over, carry over - hold over goods to be sold for the next season
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
deny, refuse - refuse to let have; "She denies me every pleasure"; "he denies her her weekly allowance"
deduct, withhold, recoup - retain and refrain from disbursing; of payments; "My employer is withholding taxes"
save, preserve - to keep up and reserve for personal or special use; "She saved the old family photographs in a drawer"
salt away, stack away, stash away, store, hive away, lay in, put in - keep or lay aside for future use; "store grain for the winter"; "The bear stores fat for the period of hibernation when he doesn't eat"
store - find a place for and put away for storage; "where should we stow the vegetables?"; "I couldn't store all the books in the attic so I sold some"
keep back, retain, hold back, hold - secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the right to disagree"
hold open, keep open, save, keep - retain rights to; "keep my job for me while I give birth"; "keep my seat, please"; "keep open the possibility of a merger"
harbour, harbor - keep in one's possession; of animals
withhold, keep back - hold back; refuse to hand over or share; "The father is withholding the allowance until the son cleans his room"
keep back, retain, hold back, hold - secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the right to disagree"
lose - fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either physically or in an abstract sense; "She lost her purse when she left it unattended on her seat"
4.keep - stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state; "We must prevent the cancer from spreading"; "His snoring kept me from falling asleep"; "Keep the child from eating the marbles"
defend - be on the defensive; act against an attack
keep - hold and prevent from leaving; "The student was kept after school"
keep out, shut out, exclude, shut - prevent from entering; shut out; "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"; "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"
hold - keep from departing; "Hold the taxi"; "Hold the horse"
keep away - prevent from coming close; "I tried to keep the child away from the pool"
blank - keep the opposing (baseball) team from winning
hinder, impede - be a hindrance or obstacle to; "She is impeding the progress of our project"
rain out, wash out - prevent or interrupt due to rain; "The storm had washed out the game"
5.keep - conform one's action or practice to; "keep appointments"; "she never keeps her promises"; "We kept to the original conditions of the contract"
make good - act as promised; "make good on promises"
breach, infract, transgress, violate, go against, offend, break - act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises; "offend all laws of humanity"; "violate the basic laws or human civilization"; "break a law"; "break a promise"
6.keep - stick to correctly or closely; "The pianist kept time with the metronome"; "keep count"; "I cannot keep track of all my employees"
7.keep - look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
conserve, maintain, preserve, keep up - keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction; "We preserve these archeological findings"; "The old lady could not keep up the building"; "children must be taught to conserve our national heritage"; "The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts"
preserve, keep - maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger; "May God keep you"
8.keep - maintain by writing regular recordskeep - maintain by writing regular records; "keep a diary"; "maintain a record"; "keep notes"
record, enter, put down - make a record of; set down in permanent form
9.keep - supply with room and board; "He is keeping three women in the guest cottage"; "keep boarders"
lodge, accommodate - provide housing for; "We are lodging three foreign students this semester"
10.keep - allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature; "We cannot continue several servants any longer"; "She retains a lawyer"; "The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"; "Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"; "We kept the work going as long as we could"; "She retained her composure"; "this garment retains its shape even after many washings"
sustain, keep up, prolong - lengthen or extend in duration or space; "We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible"; "prolong the treatment of the patient"; "keep up the good work"
persist in, continue - do something repeatedly and showing no intention to stop; "We continued our research into the cause of the illness"; "The landlord persists in asking us to move"
11.keep - supply with necessities and support; "She alone sustained her family"; "The money will sustain our good cause"; "There's little to earn and many to keep"
patronage - support by being a patron of
reseed - maintain by seeding without human intervention; "Some plants reseed themselves indefinitely"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
carry - keep up with financial support; "The Federal Government carried the province for many years"
12.keep - fail to spoil or rot; "These potatoes keep for a long time"
remain, stay, rest - stay the same; remain in a certain state; "The dress remained wet after repeated attempts to dry it"; "rest assured"; "stay alone"; "He remained unmoved by her tears"; "The bad weather continued for another week"
preserve, keep - prevent (food) from rotting; "preserved meats"; "keep potatoes fresh"
13.keep - behave as expected during of holidays or rites; "Keep the commandments"; "celebrate Christmas"; "Observe Yom Kippur"
commemorate, mark - mark by some ceremony or observation; "The citizens mark the anniversary of the revolution with a march and a parade"
mourn - observe the customs of mourning after the death of a loved one
solemnise, solemnize - observe or perform with dignity or gravity; "The King solemnized this day of morning"
14.keep - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"
hold - keep from exhaling or expelling; "hold your breath"
confine - prevent from leaving or from being removed
bottle up, suppress, inhibit - control and refrain from showing; of emotions, desires, impulses, or behavior
curb, hold in, control, moderate, contain, check, hold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
15.keep - maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger; "May God keep you"
protect - shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; "Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain"
keep - look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
16.keep - raise; "She keeps a few chickens in the yard"; "he keeps bees"
farm, produce, raise, grow - cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques; "The Bordeaux region produces great red wines"; "They produce good ham in Parma"; "We grow wheat here"; "We raise hogs here"
herd - keep, move, or drive animals; "Who will be herding the cattle when the cowboy dies?"
17.keep - retain rights to; "keep my job for me while I give birth"; "keep my seat, please"; "keep open the possibility of a merger"
keep, hold on - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
book, reserve, hold - arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please hold a table at Maxim's"
18.keep - store or keep customarily; "Where do you keep your gardening tools?"
keep - have as a supply; "I always keep batteries in the freezer"; "keep food for a week in the pantry"; "She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator"
store - find a place for and put away for storage; "where should we stow the vegetables?"; "I couldn't store all the books in the attic so I sold some"
19.keep - have as a supply; "I always keep batteries in the freezer"; "keep food for a week in the pantry"; "She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
keep - store or keep customarily; "Where do you keep your gardening tools?"
20.keep - maintain for use and service; "I keep a car in the countryside"; "She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
21.keep - hold and prevent from leaving; "The student was kept after school"
prevent, keep - stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state; "We must prevent the cancer from spreading"; "His snoring kept me from falling asleep"; "Keep the child from eating the marbles"
detain, confine - deprive of freedom; take into confinement
22.keep - prevent (food) from rotting; "preserved meats"; "keep potatoes fresh"
freeze-dry - preserve by rapid freezing and subsequently drying in a vacuum; "freeze-dry the strawberries"
conserve - preserve with sugar; "Mom always conserved the strawberries we grew in the backyard"
dehydrate, desiccate - preserve by removing all water and liquids from; "carry dehydrated food on your camping trip"
pickle - preserve in a pickling liquid
salt - preserve with salt; "people used to salt meats on ships"
can, tin, put up - preserve in a can or tin; "tinned foods are not very tasty"
refrigerate - preserve by chilling; "many foods must be refrigerated or else they will spoil"
cure - prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve; "cure meats"; "cure pickles"; "cure hay"
corn - preserve with salt; "corned beef"
ready, prepare, cook, fix, make - prepare for eating by applying heat; "Cook me dinner, please"; "can you make me an omelette?"; "fix breakfast for the guests, please"
stay fresh, keep - fail to spoil or rot; "These potatoes keep for a long time"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. remain, stay, continue to be, go on being, carry on being Keeping cool out here requires cold drinks plus a hat.
2. (usually with from) prevent, hold back, deter, inhibit, block, stall, restrain, hamstring, hamper, withhold, hinder, retard, impede, shackle, keep back Embarrassment has kept me from doing all sorts of things.
3. (sometimes with on) continue, go on, carry on, persist in, persevere in, remain I turned back after a while, but he kept walking.
4. hold on to, maintain, retain, keep possession of, save, preserve, nurture, cherish, conserve We want to keep as many players as we can.
hold on to retain, lose, give up, abandon, discard
5. store, put, place, house, hold, deposit, pile, stack, heap, amass, stow She kept her money under the mattress.
6. carry, stock, have, hold, sell, supply, handle, trade in, deal in The shop keeps specialised books on various aspects of the collection.
7. comply with, carry out, honour, fulfil, hold, follow, mind, respect, observe, respond to, embrace, execute, obey, heed, conform to, adhere to, abide by, act upon I'm hoping you'll keep your promise to come for a long visit.
comply with ignore, disregard
8. record, report, write, document, log, chronicle, take down, set down Eleanor began to keep a diary.
10. raise, own, maintain, tend, farm, breed, look after, rear, care for, bring up, nurture, nourish This mad writer kept a lobster as a pet.
11. manage, run, administer, be in charge (of), rule, direct, handle, govern, oversee, supervise, preside over, superintend His father kept a village shop.
13. stay fresh, be suitable, be safe to eat, remain flavoursome Whatever is left over will keep for 2-3 weeks.
14. associate with, mix with, mingle with, hang out with (informal), hang with (informal, chiefly U.S.), be friends with, consort with, run around with (informal), hobnob with, socialize with, hang about with, fraternize with I don't like the company you keep.
15. honour, mark, respect, celebrate, observe, acknowledge, recognize, commemorate, ritualize, solemnize, perform My father never kept the Sabbath and I never did either.
1. board, food, maintenance, upkeep, means, living, support, nurture, livelihood, subsistence, kai (N.Z. informal), nourishment, sustenance I need to give my parents money for my keep.
for keeps (Informal) forever, permanent, for all time, for always, for evermore, for good and all (informal), till the cows come home (informal), till the end of time, till Doomsday Whatever you gain now will be for keeps.
keep at it persist with it, continue, carry on, keep going, stick with it, stay with it, be steadfast, grind it out, persevere with it, remain with it `Keep at it!' Thade encouraged me.
keep away stay away, hold back, stand back, rest away, wait away Keep away from the doors while the train is moving.
keep off something avoid, steer clear of, dodge, get away from, shun, eschew, sidestep, shirk from I managed to stick to the diet and keep off sweet foods.
keep on about something go on about, go on and on about, ramble on about, rant on about, talk constantly about He kept on about me being `defensive'.
keep on at someone nag, badger, pester, hassle (informal), harry, provoke, plague, harass, berate, bend someone's ear (informal), be on your back (slang), henpeck She kept on at him to get some qualifications.
keep someone down oppress, burden, depress, harass, dispirit, take the heart out of No matter what a woman tries to do, there is some barrier to keep her down.
keep something back
1. hold back, hold, save, set aside, husband, store, retain, preserve, withhold, hang on to, conserve, stockpile, hoard, lay up, put by Roughly chop the vegetables, and keep back a few for decoration.
2. suppress, hide, reserve, conceal, restrain, cover up, withhold, stifle, censor, repress, smother, muffle, muzzle, keep something under your hat Neither of them is telling the whole truth. They're both keeping something back.
keep something down restrict, limit, check, curb, fix, specify, restrain, demarcate, delimit The prime aim is to keep inflation down.
keep something from someone hide something, keep someone in the dark, conceal something, mask something, keep something secret, obscure something She knew that Gabriel was keeping something from her.
keep something up
1. continue, make, maintain, carry on, persist in, persevere with They can no longer keep up the repayments.
2. maintain, sustain, uphold, perpetuate, retain, preserve, prolong keeping up the pressure against the government
keep to something observe, follow, obey, stick to, respect, honour, mind, comply with, heed, conform to, adhere to, abide by Keep to the speed limit.
keep up keep pace, match, compete, contend, emulate, persevere Things are changing so fast, it's hard to keep up.


noun tower, castle, stronghold, dungeon, citadel, fastness, donjon the parts of the keep open to visitors
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. To have and maintain in one's possession:
2. To have for sale:
3. To supply with the necessities of life:
Idiom: take care of.
4. To have or put in a customary place:
5. To remain fresh and unspoiled:
6. To persevere in some condition, action, or belief:
7. To control, restrict, or arrest:
8. To hold oneself back:
9. To reserve for the future:
10. To carry out the functions, requirements, or terms of:
Idiom: live up to.
11. To act in conformity with:
Idiom: toe the line.
12. To mark (a day or an event) with ceremonies of respect, festivity, or rejoicing:
phrasal verb
keep back
1. To have and maintain in one's possession:
2. To control, restrict, or arrest:
phrasal verb
keep off
To turn or drive away:
phrasal verb
keep on
To continue without halting despite difficulties or setbacks:
Idioms: hang in there, keep going , keep it up.
phrasal verb
keep out
To keep from being admitted, included, or considered:
phrasal verb
keep up
To keep in a condition of good repair, efficiency, or use:
2. A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention:
Informal: lockup, pen.
Chiefly Regional: calaboose.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
قوت، إعالَهيَبْعُدُ عَنْيَبْقَىيَبْقى في حالةٍ جيِّدَهيُبْقي، يَبْقى
nechat sipokračovatschovat si pro strýčka Příhodustále něco dělatzdržovat se
holdeholde påholde sigholde sit ordikke holde sit ord
pitääsäilyttäätehdä jtak alinomaa t. jatkuvastipysyäpysytellä
čuvatikloniti sestalno činitizadržati
eiga, vera meîframfæra, sjá umgeyma til varageyma, varîveita; fá til eignargeyma, varîveita; òegja yfir
apsaugoti nuoatminimo dovanaatšvęstidaryti toliau taip patgerai eiti
aizkavētglabātievērotizdarīt ierakstusiztika
držať v zajatíponechať siviesťvydržať čerstvý
saklamaktutmakuzak durmakyapmaya devam etmekyerine getirmek
giữtiếp tục


[kiːp] (kept (vb: pt, pp))
When keep is part of a set combination, eg to keep an appointment. to keep a promise, to keep one's seat, look up the noun.
1. (= retain) [+ change, copy] → quedarse con; [+ receipt] → guardar; [+ business, customer, colour] → conservar
you must keep the receiptdebe guardar el recibo
you can keep the changequédese con la vuelta or (LAm) el vuelto
is this jacket worth keeping?¿merece la pena guardar esta chaqueta?
he is to keep his job in spite of the incidentva a mantener or conservar el trabajo a pesar del incidente
this material will keep its colour/softnesseste material conservará su color/suavidad
to keep sth for o.squedarse con algo
if this is fashion, you can keep it!¡si esto es moda no la quiero ni regalada!
2. (= save, put aside) → guardar, reservar
I'm keeping this wine in case we have visitorsvoy a guardar or reservar este vino por si tenemos visitas
ask the shop to keep you onepide en la tienda que te reserven uno
I was keeping it for youlo guardaba para ti
3. (= have ready) I always keep a torch in the carsiempre tengo una linterna en el coche
keep this by you in case of emergenciesguárdate eso para un caso de emergencia
4. (= store, put) (gen) → guardar; (in museum) → conservar
where do you keep the sugar?¿dónde guardas el azúcar?
keep it somewhere safeguárdalo en un sitio seguro
you must keep it in a cold placedebes conservarlo en un sitio fresco
5. (= house) the puppies were kept in cramped conditionstenían a los cachorros hacinados
the tarantulas were kept in cageslas tarántulas estaban metidas en jaulas
the prisoners were kept in a dark roomlos prisioneros estaban encerrados en una habitación oscura
he keeps his wives in separate housestiene a sus mujeres alojadas en casas separadas
6. (= detain) → tener
keep him in bed for a couple of daystenlo en cama un par de días
to keep sb in prisontener a algn preso
he was kept in hospital over nightlo tuvieron una noche en el hospital, le hicieron pasar la noche en el hospital
illness kept her at homela enfermedad no le permitió salir de casa
to keep sb doing sthtener a algn haciendo algo
7. (= delay) → entretener
I mustn't keep youno quiero entretenerte
don't let me keep youno le entretengo más
what kept you?¿por qué te has retrasado?
am I keeping you from your work?quizá tienes trabajo y yo te estoy entreteniendo
8. (= have) [+ shop, hotel, house, servant] → tener; [+ pigs, bees, chickens] → criar
he keeps a good cellartiene una buena bodega
9. (= stock) → tener
we don't keep that model any moreya no tenemos ese modelo
10. (= support) [+ family, mistress] → mantener
to keep o.smantenerse
the extra money keeps me in beer and cigarettesel dinero extra me da para (comprar) cerveza y cigarrillos
our garden keeps us in vegetables all summerel huerto nos da suficientes verduras para todo el verano
11. (= fulfil, observe) [+ promise, agreement, obligation] → cumplir; [+ law, rule] → observar; [+ appointment] → acudir a, ir a; [+ feast day] → observar
to keep the Sabbathobservar el sábado judío
12. (= not divulge)
to keep sth from sbocultar algo a algn
keep it quietde esto no digas ni una palabra
keep it to yourselfno se lo digas a nadie
but he kept the news to himselfpero se guardó la noticia, pero no comunicó la noticia a nadie
13. (= maintain)
13.1. [+ accounts] → llevar; [+ diary] → escribir
to keep a record of sthllevar nota de algo
13.2. WITH ADJECTIVEmantener; (less formal) → tener
"keep Britain tidy"mantenga limpia Gran Bretaña
to keep sth cleanconservar or mantener algo limpio; (less formal) → tener algo limpio
she always keeps the house very cleantiene la casa siempre muy limpia
to keep o.s. cleanno ensuciarse, mantenerse limpio
cats keep themselves cleanlos gatos son muy limpios
exercise keeps you fithaciendo ejercicio te mantienes en forma
keep the sauce hot (in recipe book) → mantener la salsa caliente
I'll keep your supper hotte guardaré la comida caliente
to keep inflation as low as possiblemantener la inflación tan baja como sea posible
to keep sth safeguardar algo bien, guardar algo en un lugar seguro
try to keep your head stillintenta no mover la cabeza
to keep sth warmmantener algo caliente
the garden is well keptel jardín está muy bien cuidado
see also fixed A3
see also happy A3
see also post B4
13.3. + -ING to keep the engine runningdejar el motor en marcha
to keep sb talkingentretener a algn hablando
keep him talking while Ientretenlo hablando mientras yo ...
to keep sb waitinghacer esperar a algn
he kept them working all nightlos tuvo trabajando toda la noche
see also go A24
14. (= hold)
to keep sb at itobligar a algn a seguir trabajando
I'll keep you to your promiseharé que cumplas tu promesa
see also counsel A1
15. (= prevent)
to keep sb from doing sthimpedir que algn haga algo
what can we do to keep it from happening again¿qué podemos hacer para evitar que se repita?
to keep o.s. from doing sthcontener las ganas de hacer algo, aguantarse de hacer algo
16. (o.f.) (= guard, protect) → guardar
God keep you!¡Dios te guarde!
17. to keep o.s. to o.s.guardar las distancias
1. (= remain)
try to keep calmintenta mantener la calma
to keep fitmantenerse en forma
it will keep fresh for weeksse conservará fresco durante semanas
to keep healthymantenerse sano
keep very quietno hagas nada de ruido
you must keep stilltienes que estarte or quedarte muy quieto
to keep togetherno separarse
he was jumping up and down to keep warmestaba dando saltos para mantener el calor
1.2. WITH PREPOSITION/ADVERB keep in the left lanesigue por el carril de la izquierda
she kept inside for three daysno salió en tres días
2. to keep doing sth
2.1. (= continue) → seguir haciendo algo
he kept walkingsiguió caminando
I keep hoping she'll come backsigo esperando que vuelva
you must keep movingno pares
keep smiling!¡no te desanimes!
keep going!¡no pares!
2.2. (= do repeatedly) → no hacer más que hacer algo
he keeps mentioning his uncleno hace más que mencionar a su tío
I keep thinking I'll wake up in a minuteno hago más que pensar que es todo un sueño
she keeps bursting into tearsestá todo el tiempo echándose a llorar
he kept interrupting usno paraba de interrumpirnos
I keep forgetting to pay the gas billsiempre se me olvida pagar la factura del gas
you mustn't keep looking at your watchno debes estar todo el tiempo mirando al reloj
3. (in directions) (= continue) → seguir
to keep straight onseguir todo recto or derecho
keep due north until you come tosiga en dirección norte hasta que llegue a ...
"keep left"circule por la izquierda
4. (= not go off) [food] → conservarse fresco, conservarse bien
fish doesn't keep very wellel pescado no se conserva muy bien
an apple that keepsuna manzana que se conserva bien
5. (= wait) → esperar
the news will keep till I see youla noticia puede esperar hasta que nos veamos
it can keeppuede esperar
6. (talking about health) how are you keeping?¿qué tal (estás)? (Sp) , ¿como or qué tal te va?, ¿cómo sigues? (LAm) , ¿qué hubo? (Mex, Chile)
he's not keeping very wellno está muy bien de salud
she's keeping betterestá mejor, se encuentra mejor
7. (= avoid)
to keep from doing sthevitar hacer algo; (= abstain from) → abstenerse de hacer algo
1. (= livelihood, food) I got £30 a week and my keepme daban 30 libras a la semana y comida y cama
I pay £50 a week for my keepla pensión me cuesta 50 libras a la semana
to earn one's keepganarse el sustento (fig) → justificar el gasto
in a poem every word must earn its keepen un poema cada palabra debe estar justificada
2. (Archit) → torreón m, torre f del homenaje
3. (= permanently) for keepspara siempre
keep ahead VI + ADV (in market) → mantenerse al frente; (in race) → mantenerse en cabeza
to keep ahead of sb (in market, race) → mantenerse por delante de algn
keep at
1. to keep at sth (= persevere with) → perseverar en algo
despite his problems he kept at his studiesa pesar de sus problemas siguió perseverando en los estudios
keep at it!¡ánimo!, ¡no te aflojes! (LAm)
2. to keep at sb: she kept at him until she got an interview (= pester) → no paró hasta que le concedió una entrevista
I kept at them until they paidseguí insistiendo hasta que me pagaron
B. VT + PREP he wanted to rest but I kept him at it until he had run an extra 100 metresquería parar a descansar pero seguí animándole y corrió otros 100 metros
keep away
A. VT + ADVmantener alejado, mantener a distancia
the police kept the crowds awayla policía mantuvo a la multitud alejada or a distancia
keep him away!¡que no se acerque!
vitamin C helps keep colds awayla vitamina C ayuda a no pillar resfriados
to keep sb away from sb/sthmantener a algn alejado de algn/algo
they kept him away from school (= stopped him going) → no le dejaron ir al colegio; (because ill) → no lo llevaron al colegio, lo tuvieron en casa
keep medicines away from childrenmantener los medicamentos fuera del alcance de los niños
B. VI + ADVno acercarse
keep away!¡no te acerques!
keep away from the fireno te acerques al fuego
he promised to keep away from drinkprometió no tocar la bebida
he seems to be keeping away from meparece que me evita
you keep away from my daughter!¡no te vuelvas a acercar a mi hija!
he can't keep away from the subjectsiempre vuelve al mismo tema
keep back
1. (= contain) [+ crowds] → contener; [+ enemy] → no dejar avanzar, tener a raya
2. (= withhold) [+ part of sth given] → guardar, quedarse con
keep back some of the parsley to garnishguárdate parte del perejil para adornar
3. (= restrain) [+ tears] → contener, reprimir
4. (= conceal) [+ names of victims] → no comunicar
to keep sth back from sbocultar algo a algn
I'm sure he's keeping sth backestoy segura de que oculta algo
5. (= delay) [+ person] → retrasar
I don't want to keep you backno quiero retrasarte
he had been kept back after schoolle habían hecho quedarse después del colegio
B. VI + ADV keep back, please!¡no se acerquen, por favor!
keep well back from the bonfireno te acerques a la fogata
I kept well backme mantuve bien alejado
keep down
1. (= not raise) she kept her eyes downno levantó los ojos
keep your head down or you'll get shotno levantes la cabeza o te dispararán
you'll have to keep your head down for 48 hours (fig) → tendrás que mantener al margen durante 48 horas
see also head A1, A2
2. (= control) [+ anger, rebellion] → contener, reprimir; [+ weeds] → no dejar crecer; [+ dog] → sujetar
3. (= limit) [+ prices, spending, temperature] → mantener bajo; [+ costs, inflation] → mantener al mismo nivel
could you keep the noise down?¿puedes hacer menos ruido?
you must try to keep your weight downtienes que intentar no subir de peso
4. (= hold back)
it's just a way to keep women downes sólo una forma de oprimir a las mujeres
you can't keep a good man downlos buenos siempre vuelven
4.2. (Scol) he was kept down another yeartuvo que repetir (año)
5. (= oppress) [+ spirits] → oprimir
6. (= retain) [+ food] he can't keep anything downlo devuelve or vomita todo
B. VI + ADVseguir agachado, no levantar la cabeza
keep in
1. (= prevent from going out) → impedir que salga, no dejar salir
to keep a child in after schooldejar a un niño castigado después de las clases
2. (= hold in) [+ stomach] → meter; [+ elbows] → pegar al cuerpo; [+ anger] → contener
keep your tummy in!¡mete estómago!
3. (= keep alight) [+ fire] → mantener encendido
see also hand A10
1. [fire] → mantenerse encendido
2. to keep in with sbmantener buenas relaciones con algn
keep off
A. VT + ADV (= keep distant, repel) put a cloth over it to keep the flies offpon un trapo encima para que no se posen las moscas
he kept his hat offno se puso el sombrero
keep your hands off!¡no toques!
1. (= keep away from) keep your dog off my lawnno deje que el perro me pise el césped
keep your feet off the grassno pises la hierba
keep your hands off my daughterno toques a mi hija
they want to keep young people off the streetsquieren evitar que los jóvenes pierdan el tiempo vagabundeando por las calles
measures to keep people off the unemployment registermedidas para que la gente no entre en las listas del paro
he couldn't keep his eyes off herno podía apartar los ojos de ella
2. (= prevent from consuming) I've been told to keep him off processed foodsme han dicho que no le de alimentos procesados
keep her off cheese for the next 10 daysque no tome queso durante los próximos 10 días
3. (= steer away from) to keep sb off a subjectevitar que algn toque un tema
try to keep him off the subject of budgetsintenta que no toque el tema de los presupuestos
1. (= stay away from) keep off my land!¡fuera de mi propiedad!
"keep off the grass"prohibido pisar el césped
2. (fig) [+ food, subject] → evitar
keep off politics!¡no hables de política!
D. VI + ADV if the rain keeps offsi no llueve
keep on
1. (= not take off) [+ hat, coat, gloves] → no quitarse
2. (= not turn off) [+ light] → dejar encendido, dejar prendido (LAm)
3. (= retain) [+ house] → conservar
4. (= continue employing) they kept him on for yearssiguieron empleándole durante muchos años
see also hair A1
B. VT + PREP (= restrict to) keep him on light foods for the next few daysque sólo tome alimentos ligeros en los próximos días
he was kept on bread and water for three daysdurante tres días sólo le dieron pan y agua, le tuvieron a pan y agua durante tres días
1. (= continue) → seguir, continuar
to keep on doing sth (ceaselessly) → seguir or continuar haciendo algo; (repeatedly) → no dejar de hacer algo
he keeps on hopingno pierde la esperanzasigue teniendo esperanzas
keep on along this road untilsiga por esta carretera hasta ...
he keeps on ringing me upno deja de llamarme por teléfono
she keeps on having migrainestiene contínuos ataques de migraña
2. (= talk) she does keep onno para de hablar
she keeps on about how much money they've gotno hace mas que hablar or siempre está hablando de todo el dinero que tienen
he keeps on about her being stupidno hace más que decir que es una estúpida
3. (= nag) she does keep ones muy machacona
he kept on about me being selfishsiguió dale que te pego con que soy egoísta
she keeps on at me about my cheap clothessiempre me está dando la lata con que llevo ropa barata
I kept on at him about the leaking taple dije una y otra vez lo del grifo que perdía agua
she keeps on at him to look for a joble está siempre insistiendo que busque un trabajo
keep out
A. VT + ADV (= exclude) [+ person, dog] → no dejar entrar
we were kept out of the roomno nos dejaron entrar en la habitación
to keep sb out of troubleevitar que algn se meta en líos
to keep sb out of the waysacar a algn de en medio
this coat should keep out the coldeste abrigo tiene que proteger del frío
have some brandy to keep out the coldtómate un coñac para entrar en calor
let's keep my mother's behaviour out of this!no metamos lo del comportamiento de mi madre en esto
let's try to keep lawyers out of thisno nos metamos con abogados
B. VI + ADV (= not enter) → no entrar, quedarse fuera
please keep out of the hall until further noticepor favor no entren en el hall hasta nuevo aviso
"keep out"prohibida la entrada
to keep out of troubleno meterse en líos
to keep out of sb's way (= avoid) → evitar encontrarse con algn; (= try not to annoy) → procurar no molestar a algn
you keep out of this!¡no te metas en esto!
keep to
A. VI + PREP [+ promise] → cumplir con; [+ subject, schedule, text] → ceñirse a
to keep to the left/rightcircular por la izquierda/derecha, mantenerse por la izquierda/derecha
to keep to the main roadsno salir de las carreteras principales
to keep to one's roomno salir de su habitación
to keep to one's bedguardar cama
to keep to one's dietno salirse de la dieta
they keep to themselvesguardan las distancias
see keep A14
keep together
A. VT + ADV [+ team] → mantener unido; [+ papers, photographs] → mantener juntos
it has been hard to keep the team togetherha sido difícil mantener al equipo unidoha sido difícil hacer que el equipo siguiese junto
we try to keep families togetherintentamos mantener a las familias unidas
B. VI + ADVno separarse
keep together, childrenno os separéis, niños
keep under VT + ADV
1. (= oppress) [+ people, race] → mantener sometido
2. (= keep anaesthetized) [+ patient] → tener anestesiado
keep up
1. (= hold up) [+ shelf] → sostener, sujetar; [+ stocking, trousers] → sujetar
to keep one's spirits or morale upmantener la moral alta
2. (= continue) [+ tradition] → mantener; [+ correspondence, subscription, standards, pressure] → mantener; [+ payments] → no retrasarse en
keep up the good work!¡bien hecho!, ¡sigue así!, ¡síguele dando! (LAm)
keep it up!¡sigue así!, ¡ánimo!
he'll never keep it up!¡no va a poder seguir así!, ¡no aguanta! (LAm)
it's difficult to keep up a relationship when you're far apartes difícil mantener una relación cuando se está alejado uno del otro
3. (= maintain) [+ property] → cuidar, mantener (en buenas condiciones); [+ payments] → no retrasarse en
you must try to keep up your Germandeberías intentar seguir con el alemán
4. (= keep out of bed) → tener despierto hasta muy tarde, tener en vela, tener desvelado (LAm)
I don't want to keep you upno quiero entretenerte más
1. (= continue) [weather] → seguir, mantenerse
2. (= maintain level) (in race etc) → mantener el ritmo, no quedarse atrás; (in comprehension) → seguir (el hilo)
share prices have kept up welllos precios de las acciones se han mantenido bien
to keep up with sb (in race) → seguirle el ritmo a algn; (in comprehension) → seguirle el hilo a algn
to keep up with the class (Scol, Univ) → mantenerse al nivel del resto de la clase
it's important to keep up with your languageses importante que mantengas el nivel de los idiomas
to keep up with the timesir con los tiempos, mantenerse al día
I try to keep up with the news/with current affairsintento estar al día de las noticias/los temas de actualidad
to keep up with demandresponder a la demanda
wage increases have kept up with inflationlas subidas salariales se han mantenido al nivel de la inflación
to keep up with the Jonesesno ser menos que el vecino
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


vb [kept] (pt, pp)
(= retain) → conserver, garder
Make sure you always keep your receipts → Assurez-vous de toujours conserver vos reçus., Assurez-vous de toujours garder vos reçus.
She would probably not be able to keep her job → Elle ne parviendrait probablement pas à conserver son travail., Elle ne parviendrait probablement pas à garder son travail.
You can keep it → Tu peux le garder.
(= store) → ranger
[+ head, hand, foot, eyes] → garder
He kept his hands in his pockets → Il gardait ses mains dans ses poches.
I kept my eyes closed → Je gardais les yeux fermés.
I kept my eyes on the ground → Je gardais les yeux fixés sur le sol.
(= delay) → retenir
What kept you? → Qu'est-ce qui t'as retenu?
[+ shop] → tenir
My aunt kept a sweetshop → Ma tante tient une confiserie.
[+ diary] → tenir
to keep a record of sth → enregistrer qch
We keep a record of the totals → Nous enregistrons les totaux.
(= feed) [+ one's family] → faire vivre, assurer la subsistance de
He doesn't earn enough to keep his family → Il ne gagne pas assez pour faire vivre sa famille.
to keep o.s. → assurer sa propre subsistance
He earns just enough to keep himself and his children → Il gagne juste assez pour assurer sa propre subsistance et celle de ses enfants.
[+ promise] → tenir
I always keep my promises → je tiens toujours mes promesses
to keep one's word → tenir parole
I always keep my word → je tiens toujours parole
to keep an appointment → être présent à un rendez-vous, venir à un rendez-vous
I won't be able to keep my appointment for this afternoon → Je ne pourrai pas être présent à notre rendez-vous de cet après-midi., Je ne pourrai pas venir à notre rendez-vous de cet après-midi.
[+ secret] → garder
Can you keep a secret? → Peux-tu garder un secret?
to keep sth to o.s. → garder qch pour soi
Keep this to yourself → Garde ça pour toi.
Keep it to yourself, it's meant to be a surprise → Garde ça pour toi, c'est censé être une surprise.
to keep sth from sb → cacher qch à qn
to keep o.s. to o.s. (= isolate o.s.) [loner] → rechercher la solitude
[+ chickens, bees, pigs] → élever
(with adjectives)maintenir
We must keep the cable taut → Nous devons maintenir le câble tendu.
Keep your back straight
BUT Tiens-toi droit.
to keep a place clean → maintenir un endroit propre
to keep a room tidy → maintenir une pièce en ordre
to keep sth to a minimum → réduire qch au minimum
Keep costs to a minimum → Réduisez les coûts au minimum., Maintenez les coûts au plus bas.
to keep sb happy (= please) → faire plaisir à qn
(with gerund) to keep sb waiting → faire attendre qn
Sorry to have kept you waiting → Désolé de vous avoir fait attendre.
(= prevent) to keep sb/sth from doing sth → empêcher qn/qch de faire qch
to keep sth from happening → empêcher que qch n'arrive, empêcher que qch arrive
to keep sth from happening again → empêcher que qch ne se reproduise, empêcher que qch se reproduise
Maybe that will help us to keep it from happening again → Voilà qui nous aidera peut-être à empêcher que cela ne se reproduise.
to keep good time [clock, watch] → être juste
[food] → se conserver
(= remain) (in a certain state or place)rester
Keep still! → Reste tranquille!
Keep quiet!
BUT Tais-toi!.
to keep warm → se réchauffer
It's not always easy to keep warm → Ce n'est pas toujours facile de se réchauffer.
to keep busy → s'occuper
I prefer to keep busy → Je préfère m'occuper.
how are you keeping? (= how are you) → comment tu te portes?
to keep doing sth (= continue) → continuer à faire qch
Keep walking until you come to the bridge → Continuez à marcher jusqu'à ce que vous arriviez au pont. (= do time after time) → faire qch tout le temps
I keep forgetting my keys → J'oublie tout le temps mes clés.
I keep making the same mistake → Je fais tout le temps la même erreur. (= be unable to stop)
Since I read it, I keep thinking about it → Depuis que je l'ai lu, je n'arrête pas d'y penser.
to keep going (= persevere) → continuer à aller de l'avant
The only way you keep going is to develop the right frame of mind → La seule façon de continuer à aller de l'avant est d'adopter le bon état d'esprit.
to keep from doing sth (= prevent o.s.) → s'empêcher de faire qch
She bit her lip to keep from crying → Elle se mordit la lèvre pour s'empêcher de pleurer.
[castle] → donjon m
(= food) enough for his keep → assez pour (assurer) sa subsistance
I need to give my parents money for my keep → Je dois donner à mes parents une participation aux frais de nourriture.
keep at
to keep at it (= continue trying) → persévérer
It may take a number of attempts, but it is worth keeping at it → Plusieurs tentatives seront peut-être nécessaires mais cela vaut la peine de persévérer.
keep away
[+ visitors, tourists] → faire fuir, éloigner
The rain is keeping visitors away → La pluie fait fuir les touristes.
to keep sb away from sth [+ place] → éloigner qn de qch
It's impossible to keep fans away from the flat → Il est impossible d'éloigner les fans de l'appartement.
[+ pest, danger] → éloigner, maintenir à l'écart
an electrical field to keep sharks away → un champ électrique pour éloigner les requins, un champ électrique pour maintenir les requins à l'écart
to keep sb away from sth [+ danger, drugs, temptation] → tenir qn à l'écart de qch
to keep sb away from sb [+ dangerous person] → tenir qn éloigné de qn
to keep sth away from sth [+ object] → tenir qch à l'écart de qch; [+ animals, pests] → maintenir à l'écart de qch
Keep animals away from the kitchen → Maintenez les animaux à l'écart de la cuisine.
vi (gen)se tenir à l'écart; (from dangerous thing)ne pas s'approcher, se tenir à distance
Keep away! → N'approchez pas!
to keep away from sth [+ place] → se tenir à distance de qch; [+ drugs, temptation] → se tenir à l'écart de qch; [+ fire, dangerous area] → se tenir à distance de qch
They kept away from the forest → Ils se tenaient à distance de la forêt.
Keep away from central London → Évitez le centre de Londres., Tenez vous à distance du centre de Londres.
to keep away from temptation → ne pas s'exposer à la tentation
keep back
(= hold back) [+ crowds, tears] → retenir
(= reserve) [+ money] → conserver, garder
Keep back enough juice to make the sauce → Conservez assez de jus pour pouvoir faire la sauce.
[+ information] → cacher
I can't help feeling he's keeping something back → Je ne peux m'empêcher de penser qu'il cache quelque chose.
virester à distance
Keep back or I'll shoot → Restez à distance ou je tire.
keep down
(= control) [+ prices, spending, unemployment, inflation] → maintenir au plus bas; [+ noise] → maintenir à un niveau acceptable
We must try and keep costs down → Nous devons essayer de maintenir les coûts au plus bas.
(in stomach) [+ food] → garder
to keep one's head down → garder la tête basse
[person] → se baisser, rester baissé
keep in
(= keep in house) [+ invalid, child] → garder à la maison
They kept her in hospital overnight → Ils l'ont gardée à l'hôpital pour la nuit.
[+ schoolchild] (as punishment)coller, consigner (old-fashioned)
to keep in with sb → rester en bons termes avec qn
keep off
(= protect from) [+ dust, insects] → protéger de; [+ rain] → abriter de
At least it will keep the rain off → Au moins, ça nous abritera de la pluie.
Cover them with plastic bags to keep the dust off → Couvre-les avec des sacs en plastique pour les abriter de la poussière.
keep your hands off! → bas les pattes!
"keep off the grass" → "pelouse interdite"
to keep sb/sth off sth [+ animal, child] → empêcher qn/qch d'aller quelque part
Keep your dog off my lawn! → Empêchez votre chien d'aller sur ma pelouse!
to keep sb off sth → interdire à qn l'accès à qch, empêcher qn d'aller quelque part
You have no right to keep people off your land → Vous n'avez aucun droit d'interdire aux gens l'accès à vos terres., Vous n'avez aucun droit d'empêcher les gens d'aller sur vos terres.
vi [rain]
Luckily the rain kept off → Par chance, la pluie n'a fait que menacer.
keep on
to keep on doing sth (= continue to do) → continuer à faire qch
He kept on reading → Il a continué à lire. (= do time after time) → ne pas arrêter de faire quelque chose
The car keeps on breaking down → La voiture n'arrête pas de tomber en panne.
keep out
[+ intruders, terrorists] → empêcher d'entrer
[+ draughts, wind] → empêcher d'entrer
to keep out of trouble → rester dans le droit chemin
virester en dehors
Keep out of this! → Reste en dehors de tout ça!
"keep out" → "défense d'entrer"
keep to
[+ agreement, rule, plan] → respecter
He didn't keep to our agreement → Il n'a pas respecté notre accord.
You've got to keep to the speed limit → Vous devez respecter la limitation de vitesse.
[+ path, road] → rester sur
keep up
(= match pace of walker, vehicle) → arriver à suivre
Matthew walks so fast I can't keep up → Matthew marche tellement vite que je n'arrive pas à suivre.
Wait for me. I can't keep up → Attends-moi, je n'arrive pas à suivre.
to keep up with sb (in race, when walking)se maintenir à la hauteur de qn
She had to hurry to keep up with me → Elle devait se dépêcher pour se maintenir à ma hauteur.
[student] (in class)suivre
to keep up with [+ classmates] → se maintenir au niveau de
I can't keep up with the rest of the class → Je n'arrive pas à me maintenir au niveau du reste de la classe.
[wages, pensions] → suivre
Inflation is high but our pensions aren't keeping up → L'inflation est élevée mais nos retraites ne suivent pas.
to keep up with sth (= match level of) → se maintenir au niveau de qch
to keep up with demand → faire face à la demande
Supermarkets can barely keep up with demand → Les supermarchés peuvent tout juste faire face à la demande.
to keep up with inflation [wages, pensions] → s'aligner sur l'inflation
to keep up with sth (= keep abreast of) [+ news, events] → se tenir au courant de qch
(= maintain) [+ standards] → conserver
It's important to keep up our standards → Il est important de conserver nos exigences de qualité.
to keep up appearances → sauver les apparences
They haven't so much money now but are desperately trying to keep up appearances → Ils n'ont plus beaucoup d'argent aujourd'hui mais ils essaient désespérément de sauver les apparences.
[+ payments] → continuer à s'acquitter de
(= prevent from going to bed) → tenir éveillé
We were kept up by the noise from next door → Le bruit dans l'appartement d'à côté nous a tenu éveillés.

Well done, keep it up! → C'est bien, continue!
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


vb: pret, ptp <kept>
When keep is part of a set combination, e.g. keep in mind, keep house, keep goal etc, look up the noun. For combinations of keep with adverbs and prepositions, e.g. keep in, keep on, keep up etc, see also the phrasal verbs section.

= retainbehalten; you can keep this bookdu kannst dieses Buch behalten; I can’t keep that number in my headich kann die Nummer nicht behalten, ich kann mir die Nummer nicht merken; he wanted to keep the dog for another weeker wollte den Hund noch eine Woche (bei sich) behalten; to keep a place for somebodyeinen Platz für jdn frei halten; to keep one’s place in a booksich (dat)die Stelle im Buch markieren; to keep a note of somethingsich (dat)etw notieren; to keep one’s tempersich beherrschen; to keep a grip on something (fig)etw unter Kontrolle halten; you can keep it! (inf)das kannst du behalten or dir an den Hut stecken (inf)
= maintain in a certain state, place etchalten; to keep somebody at workjdn bei der Arbeit halten; he kept his hands in his pocketser hat die Hände in der Tasche gelassen; to keep good healthsich guter Gesundheit erfreuen; the garden was well keptder Garten war (gut) gepflegt
? to keep sb/sth doing sth to keep somebody waitingjdn warten lassen; keep her thinking that …lassen Sie sie in dem Glauben, dass …; can’t you keep him talking?können Sie ihn nicht in ein Gespräch verwickeln?; to keep the traffic movingden Verkehr in Fluss or am Fließen halten; to keep a machine runningeine Maschine laufen lassen; to keep the conversation goingdas Gespräch in Gang halten; keep it going! (Brit) → leg dich ins Zeug! (inf), → gib alles! (inf)
? to keep sb/sth + ADJ to keep one’s dress cleansein Kleid nicht schmutzig machen; to keep somebody quietzusehen or dafür sorgen, dass jd still ist; that’ll keep them quiet for a whiledas wird für eine Weile Ruhe schaffen; just to keep her happydamit sie zufrieden ist; to keep somebody alivejdn am Leben halten; to keep oneself busysich selbst beschäftigen; to keep oneself warmsich warm halten
= have in a certain place, look afteraufbewahren; where does he keep his money?wo bewahrt er sein Geld auf?; where do you keep your spoons?wo sind die Löffel?
= put asideaufheben; I’ve been keeping it for youich habe es für Sie aufgehoben; I’m keeping the best ones for Christmasdie besten hebe ich für Weihnachten auf
= detainaufhalten, zurückhalten; I mustn’t keep youich will Sie nicht aufhalten; what kept you?wo waren Sie denn so lang?; what’s keeping him?wo bleibt er denn?; to keep somebody prisonerjdn gefangen halten; to keep somebody in prisonjdn in Haft halten; they kept him in hospital over nightsie haben ihn über Nacht im Krankenhaus behalten; it kept her in bed for a weeksie musste deswegen eine Woche im Bett bleiben
= have, look after shop, hotel, restauranthaben, unterhalten, führen; bees, pigs etchalten; to keep servantssich (dat)Diener halten; he keeps an excellent cellarer hat einen ausgezeichneten Weinkeller
? to keep sb in sth to keep somebody in clothes (person) → für jds Kleidung sorgen; I couldn’t afford to keep you in drinkich könnte deine Getränke nicht bezahlen
= supportversorgen, unterhalten; I earn enough to keep myselfich verdiene genug für mich (selbst) zum Leben; I have six children to keepich habe sechs Kinder zu unterhalten; he keeps a mistresser hält sich (dat)eine Geliebte
= be faithful to, observe promisehalten; law, ruleeinhalten, befolgen; treatyeinhalten; obligationsnachkommen (+dat), → erfüllen; appointmenteinhalten; to keep a voweinen Schwur halten, ein Gelübde erfüllen; to keep Lent/the Sabbathdas Fasten/die Sonntagsruhe or den Sabbat (ein)halten; to keep late hourslange aufbleiben
= guard, protect(be)hüten; sheep etchüten, aufpassen auf (+acc); God keep you! (old)Gott befohlen! (old) ? keep from VT b
accounts, diary etcführen (→ of über +acc)
Comm = stockführen, (zu verkaufen) haben
US = continue to follow road, pathweitergehen or -fahren, folgen (+dat); directioneinhalten; to keep one’s course(den) Kurs (ein)halten
US = remain in to keep one’s roomauf seinem Zimmer bleiben; to keep one’s seatsitzen bleiben
= continue in a specified direction to keep (to the) left/rightsich links/rechts halten; to keep to the left (Aut) → auf der linken Seite bleiben, links fahren; to keep to the middle of the roadimmer in der Mitte der Straße fahren; keep on this roadbleiben Sie auf dieser Straße; keep northgehen/fahren Sie immer Richtung Norden
= remain in a certain state, positionbleiben
? to keep + ADJ to keep fitfit bleiben, sich in Form halten; to keep quietstill sein; to keep silentschweigen; to keep calmruhig bleiben, Ruhe bewahren
? to keep doing sth (= not stop)etw weiter tun; (repeatedly) → etw immer wieder tun; (constantly) → etw dauernd tun; to keep walkingweitergehen; he kept lying to herer hat sie immer wieder belogen; if you keep complainingwenn Sie sich weiter beschweren; she keeps talking about you all the timesie redet dauernd von Ihnen; keep goingmachen Sie weiter; I keep hoping she’s still aliveich hoffe immer noch, dass sie noch lebt; I keep thinking …ich denke immer
food etcsich halten; that meat won’t keepdieses Fleisch hält sich nicht or bleibt nicht gut
= be in a certain state of health how are you keeping?wie geht es Ihnen so?; he’s not keeping too welles geht ihm nicht besonders gut; he’s keeping better nowes geht ihm wieder besser
= wait that business can keepdas kann warten; will it keep?kann das warten?
= livelihood, foodUnterhalt m; I got £300 a week and my keepich bekam £ 300 pro Woche und freie Kost und Logis; to earn one’s keepseinen Lebensunterhalt verdienen; in a poem every word must earn its keepin einem Gedicht muss jedes Wort seine Daseinsberechtigung haben
in castle → Bergfried m; (as prison) → Burgverlies nt

? for keeps (inf)für immer; he’s playing for keepsihm ists ernst; it’s yours for keepsdas darfst du behalten
? keep ahead vivorne bleiben; to keep ahead of one’s rivalsseinen Konkurrenten vorausbleiben vt sep to keep one step ahead of the othersden anderen einen Schritt voraus sein
? keep at vi +prep obj
(= continue with)weitermachen mit; keep at itmachen Sie weiter so
(= nag)herumnörgeln an (+dat); keep at him until he says yeslass ihm so lange keine Ruhe, bis er ja sagt
vt +prep obj to keep somebody at a taskjdn nicht mit einer Arbeit aufhören lassen; to keep somebody (hard) at itjdn hart rannehmen (inf), → jdn an der Kandare haben; they kept him at it all daysie haben ihn den ganzen Tag hart rangenommen (inf)
? keep away vi (lit)wegbleiben; (= not approach)nicht näher herankommen (→ from an +acc); keep away!nicht näher kommen!; keep away from that placegehen Sie da nicht hin; he just can’t keep away from the pubes zieht ihn immer wieder in die Wirtschaft; I just can’t keep awayes zieht mich immer wieder hin; keep away from himlassen Sie die Finger von ihm; he just can’t keep away from herer kann einfach nicht von ihr lassen vt (always separate) person, children, pet etcfernhalten (from von); to keep something away from somethingetw nicht an etw (acc)kommen lassen; keep your hand away from the cutting edgekommen Sie mit Ihrer Hand nicht an die Schneide; keep them away from each otherhalten Sie sie auseinander; to keep somebody away from schooljdn nicht in die Schule (gehen) lassen; business kept him away for three monthser war aus geschäftlichen Gründen drei Monate weg; what’s been keeping you away?wo waren Sie denn so lange?
? keep back vizurückbleiben, nicht näher kommen; keep back!bleiben Sie, wo Sie sind!, treten Sie zurück!; please keep back from the edgebitte gehen Sie nicht zu nahe an den Rand vt sep
(= hold back) person, hair, crowds, enemyzurückhalten; waterstauen; tearsunterdrücken; to keep somebody/something back from somebodyjdn/etw von jdm abhalten
(= withhold) money, taxeseinbehalten; information, facts etcverschweigen (from sb jdm); (from parent, husband etc) → verheimlichen, verschweigen (from sb jdm); I know you’re keeping something backich weiß, dass du mir etwas verheimlichst or verschweigst; they are keeping back the names of the victimsdie Namen der Opfer werden nicht bekannt gegeben; keep some cheese back to sprinkle over the topbehalten Sie etwas Käse zum Darüberstreuen zurück
(= make late)aufhalten; pupildabehalten; I don’t want to keep you backich möchte Sie nicht aufhalten
(= hold up, slow down)behindern; being with the slower learners is keeping him backweil er mit schwächeren Schülern zusammen ist, kommt er nicht so schnell voran

? keep down viunten bleiben; keep down!duck dich!, bleib unten! vt sep
(lit)unten lassen; (= hold down)unten halten; headducken; eyesgesenkt halten; keep your voices downreden Sie leise or nicht so laut
people, revoltunterdrücken; dogbändigen; rebellious personim Zaum or unter Kontrolle halten; rabbits, weeds etcin Grenzen or unter Kontrolle halten; you can’t keep a good man downder Tüchtige lässt sich nicht unterkriegen
taxes, rates, pricesniedrig halten; spendingeinschränken; costs, wagesdrücken; to keep numbers downdie Zahlen gering halten; to keep one’s weight downnicht zunehmen
food, drinkbei sich behalten; she can’t keep anything downsie kann nichts bei sich behalten
(Sch) → wiederholen lassen; he was kept downer musste wiederholen

? keep from vt +prep obj
sbhindern an (+dat); (from going, doing sth) → abhalten von, hindern an (+dat); I couldn’t keep him from doing it/going thereich konnte ihn nicht daran hindern or davon abhalten, das zu tun/dort hinzugehen; to keep somebody from fallingjdn am Fallen hindern; to keep oneself from doing somethingsich (davor) hüten, etw zu tun; shyness keeps him from making new friendser ist zu schüchtern, um neue Freunde zu gewinnen; what can we do to keep it from happening again?was können wir tun, damit es nicht noch einmal passiert?; the bells keep me from sleepingdie Glocken lassen mich nicht schlafen; keep them from getting wetverhindern Sie es, dass sie nass werden; this will keep the water from freezingdas verhindert, dass das Wasser gefriert; you shouldn’t keep them from their workSie sollten sie nicht von der Arbeit abhalten
(= protect) to keep somebody from somethingjdn vor etw (dat)bewahren; to keep somebody from harmjdn vor Schaden (dat)bewahren
(= withhold) to keep something from somebodyjdm etw verschweigen; piece of news alsojdm etw vorenthalten; can you keep this from your mother?können Sie das vor Ihrer Mutter geheim halten or verbergen?
vi +prep obj to keep from doing somethingetw nicht tun; (= avoid doing also)es vermeiden, etw zu tun; she bit her lip to keep from cryingsie biss sich (dat)auf die Lippe, um nicht zu weinen; she couldn’t keep from laughingsie musste einfach lachen
? keep in vt sep
schoolboynachsitzen lassen; I’ve been kept in!ich musste nachsitzen!; his parents have kept him inseine Eltern haben ihn nicht weggelassen or gehen lassen
vi (= stay indoors)drinnen bleiben
? keep in with vi +prep objsich gut stellen mit; he’s just trying to keep in with herer will sich nur bei ihr lieb Kind machen
? keep off vi (person)wegbleiben; if the rain keeps offwenn es nicht regnet; “keep off!”Betreten verboten!“ vt sep
dog, personfernhalten (prep obj von); one’s handswegnehmen, weglassen (prep obj von); to keep one’s mind off somethingnicht an etw (acc)denken; keep him off mehalten Sie ihn mir vom Leib; keep your hands offHände weg!; keep the dog off the couchlassen Sie den Hund nicht aufs Sofa; to keep somebody off drugsjdn von Drogen fernhalten; to keep somebody off the streets (fig)jdn davon abhalten, auf der Straße zu landen
jacket etcausbehalten; hatabbehalten
vi +prep objvermeiden; “keep off the grass”Betreten des Rasens verboten; keep off the whiskylassen Sie das Whiskytrinken
? keep on vi
(= continue)weitermachen, nicht aufhören; to keep on doing somethingetw weiter tun; (repeatedly) → etw immer wieder tun; (incessantly) → etw dauernd tun; he keeps on swearinger flucht dauernd; keep on talking!reden Sie weiter!; if you keep on like thiswenn du so weitermachst; keep on tryingversuchen Sie es weiter; I keep on telling youich sage dir ja immer; the rain kept on all nightes regnete die ganze Nacht durch; he kept on crying the whole nighter hat die ganze Nacht unaufhörlich geweint
(= keep going)weitergehen/-fahren; keep on past the churchfahren Sie immer weiter an der Kirche vorbei; keep straight onimmer geradeaus
to keep on at somebody (inf)dauernd an jdm herummeckern (inf); they kept on at him until he agreedsie haben ihm so lange keine Ruhe gelassen, bis er zustimmte
to keep on about something (inf)unaufhörlich von etw reden; there’s no need to keep on about it (inf)es ist wirklich nicht nötig, ewig darauf herumzuhacken (inf); don’t keep on so! (inf)hören Sie doch endlich auf damit!
vt sep
servant, employeeweiterbeschäftigen, behalten
coat etcanbehalten; hataufbehalten

? keep out vi (of room, building)draußen bleiben; (of property, land, area)etw nicht betreten; keep out of my room!geh/komm nicht in mein Zimmer; “keep out”Zutritt verboten; to keep out of the rain/sunnicht in den Regen/die Sonne gehen; to keep out of sightsich nicht zeigen; (hiding) → in Deckung bleiben; to keep out of dangerGefahr meiden; to keep out of debtkeine Schulden machen; that child can’t keep out of troubledas Kind kommt immer in Schwierigkeiten; to keep out of somebody’s affairssich nicht in jds Angelegenheiten einmischen, sich aus jds Angelegenheiten heraushalten; you keep out of this!halten Sie sich da or hier raus! vt sep
personnicht hereinlassen (→ of in +acc); light, cold, rain, enemy etcabhalten; this screen keeps the sun out of your eyesdiese Blende schützt Ihre Augen vor Sonne; how can I keep the rabbits out/out of my garden?was kann ich tun, dass die Kaninchen nicht hereinkommen/nicht in meinen Garten kommen?
to keep somebody out of danger/harm’s wayjdn vor Gefahr/Gefahren schützen; I wanted to keep him out of thisich wollte nicht, dass er da mit hereingezogen wurde; to keep somebody’s name out of the papersjds Namen nicht in der Zeitung erwähnen; keep him out of my wayhalte ihn mir vom Leib; they kept him out of their planssie haben ihn von ihren Plänen ausgeschlossen

? keep to vi +prep obj
to keep to one’s promisesein Versprechen halten, zu seinem Wort stehen; to keep to one’s bed/one’s roomim Bett/in seinem Zimmer bleiben; keep to the main roadbleiben Sie auf der Hauptstraße; to keep to the schedule/planden Zeitplan einhalten, sich an den Zeitplan/Plan halten; to keep to the speed limitsich an die Geschwindigkeitsbegrenzung halten; to keep to the subject/pointbei der Sache or beim Thema bleiben; to keep to the scriptsich an den Text halten, am Text bleiben
to keep (oneself) to oneselfnicht sehr gesellig sein, ein Einzelgänger sein; they keep (themselves) to themselves (as a group) → sie bleiben unter sich
vt +prep obj to keep somebody to his word/promisejdn beim Wort nehmen; to keep something to a minimumetw auf ein Minimum beschränken; to keep something to oneselfetw für sich behalten; keep it to yourselfbehalten Sie das für sich; keep your hands to yourself!nehmen Sie Ihre Hände weg!
? keep together vi (= stay together)zusammenbleiben; (as friends, community etc) → zusammenhalten; (singers, oarsmen etc)im Einklang or Takt sein vt sepzusammen aufbewahren; (= fix together, unite) things, peoplezusammenhalten; (conductor) orchestraim Takt halten
? keep under vt sep people, raceunterdrücken; subordinatesstreng behandeln, an der Kandare haben; (= keep under anaesthetic)unter Narkose halten vi (under water etc) → unter Wasser bleiben
? keep up vi
(tent, pole)stehen bleiben
(rain)(an)dauern; (weather, hurricane etc)anhalten; (prices, output, standard)gleich hoch bleiben; (morale, strength, determination)nicht nachlassen
to keep up (with somebody/something) (in race, work, with prices) → (mit jdm/etw) Schritt halten, (mit jdm/etw) mithalten können (inf); (in comprehension) → (jdm/einer Sache) folgen können; they bought it just to keep up with the Jonesessie kauften es nur, um den Nachbarn nicht nachzustehen; to keep up with the timesmit der Zeit gehen; to keep up with the newssich auf dem Laufenden halten; I haven’t kept up with my Frenchich bin mit meinem Französisch ganz aus der Übung gekommen
(= stay in touch) to keep up with somebodymit jdm in Kontakt bleiben; we haven’t kept up at all since she went abroadwir haben nichts mehr voneinander gehört, seit sie im Ausland ist
vt sep
pole, tentaufrecht halten; the life belt kept him upder Rettungsring hielt ihn über Wasser; to keep his trousers updamit die Hose nicht herunterrutscht
(= not stop)nicht aufhören mit; study etcfortsetzen, weitermachen; quality, prices, output, friendship, tradition, customaufrechterhalten; subscriptionbeibehalten; payments etcweiterbezahlen; workrate, speed (= maintain)halten; (= endure)durchhalten; I try to keep up my Spanishich versuche, mit meinem Spanisch nicht aus der Übung zu kommen; to keep up a correspondencein Briefwechsel bleiben; to keep one’s morale upden Mut nicht verlieren; he kept their morale uper hat ihnen Mut gemacht; keep it up!(machen Sie) weiter so!; he couldn’t keep it uper hat schlappgemacht (inf)
(= maintain) houseunterhalten; roadinstand or in Stand halten
(= prevent from going to bed)am Schlafengehen hindern; that child kept me up all nightdas Kind hat mich die ganze Nacht nicht schlafen lassen; I was kept up pretty late last nightich bin gestern Abend ziemlich spät ins Bett gekommen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[kiːp] (kept (vb: pt, pp))
1. vt
a. (retain, maintain) → tenere
keep the change → tenga il resto
he keeps himself to himself → se ne sta per conto suo
to keep sb busy → tenere qn occupato/a
to keep time (clock) → andar bene
to keep sth clean → tenere qc pulito/a
to keep a place tidy → tenere un posto in ordine
she keeps herself fit → si tiene or si mantiene in forma
the garden is well kept → il giardino è tenuto bene
he has kept his looks → è ancora un bell'uomo
to keep sb waiting → far aspettare qn
keep him at it! → spingilo a continuare!
to keep the engine running → tenere il motore acceso
I'll keep you to your promise → ti farò mantenere la promessa
to keep sth from sb (fig) → tenere qc nascosto/a a qn
to keep sth to o.s. → tenere qc per sé
keep it to yourself or under your hat (fam) → tienilo per te
b. (put aside) → mettere da parte; (store) → tenere, conservare
keep it in a safe place or somewhere safe → tienilo in un posto sicuro
"keep in a cool place" → "conservare in un luogo fresco"
c. (detain, restrain) → trattenere
to keep sb in prison → tenere qn in prigione
I mustn't or don't let me keep you → non voglio trattenerti
what kept you? → come mai sei in ritardo?
to keep sb from doing sth → impedire a qn di fare qc
to keep sth from happening → impedire che qc succeda
to keep o.s. from doing sth → trattenersi dal fare qc
you're keeping me from my work → mi stai impedendo di lavorare, così non riesco a lavorare
keep him from school → non mandarlo a scuola
d. (fulfil, observe, promise, vow) → mantenere; (law, rule, Lent) → osservare; (treaty, agreement) → rispettare; (Christmas, Easter) → celebrare
to keep an appointment → rispettare un appuntamento
e. (own, have, also) (Comm) (stock) → avere (Agr) (animals) → allevare
f. (support, family) → mantenere
he earns enough to keep himself → guadagna abbastanza per mantenersi da solo
to keep sb in food and clothing → nutrire e vestire qn
g. (accounts, diary) → tenere
to keep a record or note of sth → prendere nota di qc
keep a note of how much you spend → segnati quanto spendi
2. vi
a. (continue) → continuare; (remain) → stare, restare
to keep (to the) left/right → tenere la sinistra/la destra
to keep straight on → continuare dritto/a
to keep to (promise) → mantenere (subject, text) → attenersi a
to keep doing sth → continuare a fare qc
to keep fit → tenersi or mantenersi in forma
to keep in good health → mantenersi in buona salute
keep going! → forza!
to keep at sb (fam) (pester) → non dare pace a qn
to keep at sth (fam) (continue) → continuare a fare qc
keep at it! (fam) → continua, dai!
to keep still → stare or rimanere fermo/a
to keep quiet → stare zitto/a
to keep together → rimanere insieme
to keep from doing sth → trattenersi or frenarsi dal fare qc
to keep to one's room/bed → rimanere in camera/a letto
they keep to themselves → si tengono in disparte, stanno per conto loro
b. (in health) how are you keeping?come stai?
I hope you're keeping well → spero che stia bene
she's keeping better → sta meglio
c. (food) → mantenersi, conservarsi (fig) (wait) this business can keepquest'affare può aspettare
3. n
a. (livelihood) → vitto e alloggio
to earn one's keep → guadagnarsi di che vivere
b. (of castle) → torrione m, maschio
see also keeps
keep away
1. vt + adv to keep sth/sb away from sbtenere qc/qn lontano/a da qn
they kept him away from school → non l'hanno mandato a scuola
2. vi + adv to keep away (from)stare lontano/a (da)
keep back
1. vt + adv
a. (crowds, tears, money) → trattenere
b. (conceal, information) to keep sth back from sbnascondere qc a qn
2. vi + advtenersi indietro
please keep back! → indietro per favore!
keep down
1. vt + adv
a. (control, prices, spending) → contenere; (anger) → controllare, contenere; (dog) → tenere a bada; (rebellion) → soffocare, reprimere; (population) → opprimere
you can't keep a good man down → una persona valida prima o poi emerge
b. (food) → trattenere, ritenere
c. (Scol) he was kept down a yeargli hanno fatto ripetere l'anno
2. vi + advtenersi giù, stare giù
keep in
1. vt + adv (invalid, child) → tenere a casa (Scol) trattenere un alunno oltre l'orario scolastico, per punizione; (stomach) → tenere dentro; (elbows) → tenere giù
2. vi + adv (fam) to keep in with sbtenersi buono/a qn
keep off
1. vt + adv keep your hands off!giù le mani!, non toccare!
2. vt + prep (dog, person) → tenere lontano/a da
keep your hands off that cake → non toccare quella torta
3. vi + prep "keep off the grass""non calpestare l'erba"
4. vi + adv if the rain keeps offse non piove
keep on
1. vi + adv (continue) → continuare
keep on along this road until ... → continui per questa strada finché...
to keep on doing sth → continuare a fare qc
to keep on at sb about sth (nag) → non dare pace a qc per qc
don't keep on so!, don't keep on about it! → basta! smettila!
2. vt + adv (hat, employee) → tenere; (light) → tenere acceso/a
keep out
1. vi + adv (not enter) → restare fuori
"keep out" → "vietato l'ingresso"
to keep out of trouble → tenersi fuori dai guai
to keep out of a quarrel → non immischiarsi in una lite
you keep out of this! → non immischiarti!
2. vt + adv (exclude, person, dog) → tenere fuori
this coat keeps out the cold → questo cappotto protegge dal freddo
to keep sb out of trouble → tenere qn lontano dai guai
keep up
1. vt + adv
a. (continue, tradition, subscription) → mantenere
I did French at school, but I haven't kept it up → non ho più studiato francese dai tempi della scuola
keep up the good work! → bravo, continua così!
he'll never keep it up! → non ce la farà mai!
b. (maintain, property) → mantenere
c. (hold up) → tenere su, sorreggere
to keep up one's spirits (fig) → tenersi su di morale, non perdersi d'animo
the noise kept me up all night → il rumore mi ha tenuto sveglio tutta la notte
2. vi + adv
a. to keep up with sb (in race) → mantenersi al passo con qn (fig) (in comprehension) → seguire qn; (by correspondence) → mantenere i rapporti con qn
to keep up with sth (work, payments, price rises) → tener dietro a qc
to keep up with the times → mantenersi al passo con i tempi
to keep up with the Joneses (fig) → non essere da meno dei vicini
b. (weather) → continuare; (prices) → mantenersi allo stesso livello
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(kiːp) past tense, past participle kept (kept) verb
1. to have for a very long or indefinite period of time. He gave me the picture to keep.
2. not to give or throw away; to preserve. I kept the most interesting books; Can you keep a secret?
3. to (cause to) remain in a certain state or position. I keep this gun loaded; How do you keep cool in this heat?; Will you keep me informed of what happens?
4. to go on (performing or repeating a certain action). He kept walking.
5. to have in store. I always keep a tin of baked beans for emergencies.
6. to look after or care for. She keeps the garden beautifully; I think they keep hens.
7. to remain in good condition. That meat won't keep in this heat unless you put it in the fridge.
8. to make entries in (a diary, accounts etc). She keeps a diary to remind her of her appointments; He kept the accounts for the club.
9. to hold back or delay. Sorry to keep you.
10. to provide food, clothes, housing for (someone). He has a wife and child to keep.
11. to act in the way demanded by. She kept her promise.
12. to celebrate. to keep Christmas.
food and lodging. She gives her mother money every week for her keep; Our cat really earns her keep – she kills all the mice in the house.
ˈkeeper noun
1. a person who looks after something, eg animals in a zoo. The lion has killed its keeper.
2. a goalkeeper.
ˈkeeping noun
care or charge. The money had been given into his keeping.
ˌkeep-ˈfit noun
a series or system of exercises, usually simple, intended to improve the physical condition of ordinary people, especially women. She's very keen on keep-fit but it doesn't do her much good; (also adjective) keep-fit exercises.
ˈkeepsake (-seik) noun
something given or taken to be kept in memory of the giver. She gave him a piece of her hair as a keepsake.
for keeps
permanently. You can have this necklace for keeps.
in keeping with
suited to. He has moved to a house more in keeping with his position as a headmaster.
keep away
to (cause to) remain at a distance. Keep away – it's dangerous!
keep back
1. not to (allow to) move forward. She kept the child back on the edge of the crowd; Every body keep back from the door!
2. not to tell or make known. I feel he's keeping the real story back for some reason.
3. not to give or pay out. Part of my allowance is kept back to pay for my meals; Will they keep it back every week?
keep one's distance
to stay quite far away. The deer did not trust us and kept their distance.
keep down
1. not to (allow to) rise up. Keep down – they're shooting at us!
2. to control or put a limit on. They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.
3. to digest without vomiting. He has eaten some food but he won't be able to keep it down.
keep one's end up
to perform one's part in something just as well as all the others who are involved.
keep from
to stop oneself from (doing something). I could hardly keep from hitting him.
keep going
to go on doing something despite difficulties.
keep hold of
not to let go of. Keep hold of those tickets!
keep house (for)
to do the cooking, housework etc (for). She keeps house for her brother.
keep in
1. not to allow to go or come out or outside. The teacher kept him in till he had finished the work.
2. to stay close to the side of a road etc.
keep in mind
to remember and take into consideration later.
keep it up
to carry on doing something at the same speed or as well as one is doing it at present. Your work is good – keep it up!
keep off
1. to stay away. There are notices round the bomb warning people to keep off; The rain kept off and we had sunshine for the wedding.
2. to prevent from getting to or on to (something). This umbrella isn't pretty, but it keeps off the rain.
keep on
to continue (doing something or moving). He just kept on writing; They kept on until they came to a petrol station.
keep oneself to oneself
to tell others very little about oneself, and not to be very friendly or sociable.
keep out
not to (allow to) enter. The notice at the building site said `Keep out!'; This coat keeps out the wind.
keep out of
not to become involved in. Do try to keep out of trouble!
keep time
(of a clock etc) to show the time accurately. Does this watch keep (good) time?
keep to
not to leave or go away from. Keep to this side of the park!; We kept to the roads we knew.
keep (something) to oneself
not to tell anyone (something). He kept his conclusions to himself.
keep up
1. to continue, or cause to remain, in operation. I enjoy our friendship and try to keep it up.
2. (often with with) to move fast enough not to be left behind (by). Even the children managed to keep up; Don't run – I can't keep up with you.
keep up with the Joneses (ˈdʒounziz)
to have everything one's neighbours have. She didn't need a new cooker – she just bought one to keep up with the Joneses.
keep watch
to have the task of staying alert and watching for danger.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


يَبْعُدُ عَنْ, يَبْقَى, يَحْفَظُ, يَسْتَمِرُّ nechat si, stále něco dělat, zdržovat se blive ved med, gemme, holde, holde (sig) aufbewahren, behalten, sich halten, ständig διατηρώ, μένω, συνεχίζω, φυλάσσω guardar, mantenerse, mentener, seguir pitää, pysytellä, säilyttää, tehdä jtak alinomaa t. jatkuvasti garder, ne pas arrêter de, rester à l'écart čuvati, kloniti se, stalno činiti, zadržati conservare, continuare a, stare lontano, tenere ・・・し続ける, ・・・をしまっておく, 持ち続ける, 近づかない 반복하다, 보관하다, 유지하다 bewaren, blijven, doorgaan met, houden beholde, fortsette, holde, oppbevare trzymać, utrzymywać, wciąż coś robić, zatrzymywać continuar, guardar, manter держаться, продолжать, сохранять, хранить behålla, fortsätta, förvara, hålla เก็บ, คงรักษาไว้, ทำเรื่อยไป, อยู่ห่างจาก devam etmek, saklamak, tutmak, uzak durmak giữ, tiếp tục 使留在, 保存, 保持, 重复做
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


vi. [a record] mantener; [guard] guardar;
to ___ downlimitar;
to ___ fromabsternerse de, guardarse de, evitar;
to ___ offalejarse, apartarse;
to ___ oncontinuar;
to ___ quietestarse quieto-a, quedarse callado-a;
to ___ upmantener, continuar.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
Couldn't we settle down and live in Russian Peter's house, Yulka asked, and couldn't I go to town and buy things for us to keep house with?
I'd just as soon tell you who I am, though, if you'll swear to keep mum, for I ain't no Phillips, either."
In this way you have enemies in all those whom you have injured in seizing that principality, and you are not able to keep those friends who put you there because of your not being able to satisfy them in the way they expected, and you cannot take strong measures against them, feeling bound to them.
My marriage," he said savagely, "isn't going to be a sight to keep you here." She made no answer, and he went on: "What's the use?
When the waves began to tumble and toss and to grow bigger and bigger the ship rolled up and down, and tipped sidewise--first one way and then the other--and was jostled around so roughly that even the sailor-men had to hold fast to the ropes and railings to keep themselves from being swept away by the wind or pitched headlong into the sea.
I thought I might as well keep them to myself as have them swallowed up alive too; so I kept them in a box, looking over them when I felt in the humour.
The big trunk stood ready in the hall, Mother's cloak and bonnet lay on the sofa, and Mother herself sat trying to eat, but looking so pale and worn with sleeplessness and anxiety that the girls found it very hard to keep their resolution.
"There are so many I would like to make," said Cecily, "that I'm afraid it wouldn't be any use trying to keep them all."
For four hours nothing happened, and not a word said, except that now and then she said, 'Keep it up, Boy, keep it up, sweetheart; we'll save him!' I kept it up.
And to do this, just as it was necessary to cook dinner, it was necessary to keep the mechanism of agriculture at Pokrovskoe going so as to yield an income.
"In the four parts of the earth are many that are able to write learned books, many that are able to lead armies, and many also that are able to govern kingdoms and empires; but few there be that can keep a hotel."
All that Magdalen could do in her own defense was to keep the instinctive female suspicion of her confined within those purely negative limits which it had occupied from the first, and this she accomplished.