Oral & Topical Anesthetics penetrate mucosal surfaces of mouth more easily than through a keratinized
surface because of the absence of a stratum corneum (through the openings of the hair follicles and sweat glands.
There were sharp keratinized
spines stretched out from the stratum spongiosum of dermis to the skin surface (Figs.
Recurrent apthous ulcers (RAU) are painful lesions which may be round or ovoid in shape with defined borders and irregular margins, yellow or grey base covered by fibro membranous layer.4 They can affect both keratinized
and non-keratinized mucosa but mostly occurs on lips, soft palate, buccal or labial mucosa or tongue.5 The apthous ulcers are divided into three types (minor, major, herpetiform) depending upon their sizes.6 Minor ulcers make up more than 80% of all recurrent apthous ulcers.
10,166,180 B2; Marty Richard Hunter of Surrey, CA has patented a method for treating a keratinized
tissue that entails conducting one or more treatment cycles.
Warts are rough papules of varying textures and sizes that can be found on any keratinized
cutaneous and non-keratinized epithelial surface1.
(6,7) Difficulties in recording mucosal inflammation have been reported, such as non-keratinized peri implant mucosa normally appearing redder in color than keratinized
However, coronally advanced flap (CAF) is a predictable surgical procedure when there is adequate keratinized
tissue present apical to the recession defect in the treatment of Miller Class I and II gingival recessions. CAF alone gives an unstable result for long-term period, despite of having many advantages.
Multifocal areas of red discoloration were observed in the ruminal mucosa, and were better noted when the keratinized
layer was removed.
Microscopically, all cases were diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma characterized by islands of neoplastic epithelial cells with keratinized
layers (cell nests) in the centre and well developed fibrous connective tissue stroma in adjacent areas (Fig.
Dermatophytosis, also known as ringworm or tinea, is caused by a group of fungi that infect keratinized
tissues in human and animals.
Bacteria belonging to the genus Helcococcus are considered normal inhabitants of keratinized
epithelium in humans; however, several reports support their role as pathogens in humans and several animal species.
Five- to eight-cell-layer thick, regular keratinized
stratified squamous epithelium without rete ridges lines the cyst.