ketone body


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Related to ketone body: keto acid, acetoacetate, thyrocervical trunk

ketone body

n.
Any of three compounds, acetoacetic acid, acetone, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid, that are ketones or derivatives of ketones and are intermediate products of fatty acid metabolism. Ketone bodies accumulate in the blood and urine when fats are being used for energy instead of carbohydrates, as in individuals affected by starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Also called acetone body.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ketone body

n
(Biochemistry) biochem any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, 3-hydroxybutanoic acid, and acetone) produced when fatty acids are broken down in the liver to provide a source of energy. Excess ketone bodies are present in the blood and urine of people unable to use glucose as an energy source, as in diabetes and starvation. Also called: acetone body
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ke′tone bod′y


n.
any of several compounds, as acetoacetic acid, acetone, and hydroxybutyric acid, that are intermediate in the metabolism of fatty acids and are produced in excessive amounts under certain abnormal conditions, as in diabetes mellitus.
[1910–15]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ketone body - a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the bodyketone body - a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders
ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
acetoacetic acid - unstable acid found in abnormal amounts in the blood and urine in some cases of impaired metabolism (as diabetes mellitus or starvation)
beta-hydroxybutyric acid - beta derivative of hydroxybutyric acid that is found in the blood and urine in some cases of impaired metabolism
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The findings suggest that a ketogenic diet, which would drive ketone body production in the intestine, might be helpful for repairing damage to the intestinal lining, which can occur in cancer patients receiving radiation or chemotherapy treatments, Yilmaz says.
Picone, "Medium-chain triglycerides in infant formulas and their relation to plasma ketone body concentrations," Pediatric Research, vol.
Aoyama, "Ketone body metabolism and its defects," Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, vol.
20%, suggesting that acids [beta]-oxidation was suppressed, which may also explain the decreased ketone body levels.
Urine was sampled directly from the bladder by urethral catheter and the ketone body concentration determined using Combur-test strips (F.
Gladstone Senior Investigator Eric Verdin and his team examined the role of the compound beta-hydroxybutyrate (beta'OHB), a so-called "ketone body" that is produced during a prolonged low-calorie or ketogenic diet.
It is worth noting is that "ketone body" is partly a misnomer, because [beta]-hydroxybutyrate, usually the most prevalent "ketone body," is not a ketone.
Ketone body transport in the human neonate and infant.
In addition, urine testing doesn't detect beta-OHB, the most important ketone body. And dehydrated patients may not even be able to urinate, she noted at the conference sponsored by the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, the University of Colorado, and the Children's Diabetes Foundation at Denver.