The list also includes zebras, African wild asses, kiangs
, giraffes, rhinoceroses, bears, weasels, aardvarks, mongooses, pronghorns, wild birds (such as ostriches, eagles and vultures, gulls, penguins, cassowaries, and marsupials), xenarthrans, bats, snakes, lizards, scorpions, spiders, and others.
A total population of 8,500-9,500 Kiangs were estimated for the reserve of 45,000km2, with the highest population in Ayak Kum (34.
These numbers were extrapolated for an estimate of 41,262 Kiangs for the whole reserve (Gao and Gu, 1989), which was considered grossly overestimated by Schaller (1998).
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the current population and conservation status of the Kiang in the Arjin Mountain Nature Reserve, as well as to document the major threats for the conservation of Kiangs in the reserve.
Visual counts were conducted in the early morning and late afternoon, when the Kiang is most active, and on sunny days only, since that is when Kiangs and foals can be counted up to a distance of 10 km.
A positive identification of all Kiangs was made by scanning the surrounding terrain using binoculars and a spotting scope.
The severity of the potential threats to the Kiangs in different sites were estimated based on literature reviews, preliminary interviews and field assessment.
During the surveys from May 2011 to Oct 2012, a total length of 945 km was traveled and 11,913 Kiangs in 463 groups were recorded.