kinetic theory


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kinetic theory

n.
A theory of the thermodynamic behavior of matter, especially the relationships among pressure, volume, and temperature in gases, based on the dependence of temperature on the kinetic energy of the rapidly moving particles of a substance. The theory uses statistical mechanics under the presumption that energy and momentum are conserved in all collisions between particles.

kinetic theory

n
(General Physics) the kinetic theory a theory of gases postulating that they consist of particles of negligible size moving at random and undergoing elastic collisions. In full: the kinetic theory of gases
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.kinetic theory - (physics) a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion
scientific theory - a theory that explains scientific observations; "scientific theories must be falsifiable"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
kinetic theory of heat - a theory that the temperature of a body increases when kinetic energy increases
References in periodicals archive ?
After setting out the foundations, they cover Bose-Einstein condensation, quantum kinetic theory, quantum matter waves, ultra-cold molecules and scattering, ultra-cold Fermions, and atoms in optical lattices.
Mathematically speaking equipartition based kinetic theory states that a molecule with n" atoms has 3n" degrees of freedom (f) [5-6] i.
By analogy with the kinetic theory of gases, this is an intermediate level of description between the microscale (individual-based models) and the macroscale (parabolic reaction-transport-diffusion equations).
In this article, therefore, the kinetic theory of granular flows (KTGF) is still used to close the viscosity and pressure of the solid phase, neglecting the effects of structure on the stress tensor, and the gas viscosity is assumed to be constant.
I found, while teaching mechanics of continuous media, elasticity, and fluid dynamics, my students listened eagerly as I told them something about atomic structure of the materials and kinetic theory of gases.
The characteristic methodology is similar to the Bogoliubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon (BBGKY) hierarchy of the kinetic theory [1,2].
During my trial, I used lessons in the 'matter' category, focussing on kinetic theory, conservation of mass and solution chemistry, as these were the topics being covered in our Science curriculum during that period.
Towards the modeling of vehicular traffic as a complex system: a kinetic theory approach, Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences 22(Suppl.
Topics include incorporating the Lionville theorem for homogeneous elliptic differential inequalities, higher order linear parabolic equations, source of nonlinearity in the kinetic theory for active particles with focus on the formation of political opinions, existence and uniqueness solutions to a Cauchy problem modeling the dynamic of socio-political conflicts, a class of fully nonlinear PDEs from complex geometry, and a limit problem for degenerate quasilinear variational inequalities in cylinders.
He published over 250 papers in all areas of plasma physics, including fundamentals such as kinetic theory, transport and stability.
7] have studied the problem of Jeans gravitational instability and non-extensive kinetic theory.
He dealt with the kinetic theory in road accidents.