knock

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knock

 (nŏk)
v. knocked, knock·ing, knocks
v.tr.
1. To strike with a hard blow: knocked him on the head.
2. To affect in a specified way by striking hard: knocked the mugger senseless.
3. To cause to be displaced or unengaged; force: a wind that knocked the tower over; a blunder that knocked him out of the job.
4. To cause to collide: I knocked my head on a low beam.
5. To produce by hitting or striking: knocked a hole in the wall.
6. Informal To find fault with; criticize: Don't knock the food; it's free.
v.intr.
1. To strike a sharp audible blow or series of blows, as on a door.
2. To collide with something: knocked into the table.
3. To make a pounding or clanking noise: The car engine is knocking.
n.
1. An instance of striking or colliding.
2. The sound of a sharp blow on a hard surface.
3. A pounding or clanking noise made by an engine, often as a result of faulty fuel combustion. Also called ping.
4. Slang A cutting, often petty criticism.
Phrasal Verbs:
knock around (or about) Informal
1. To be rough or brutal with; maltreat.
2. To wander from place to place: knocking around Europe.
3. To discuss or consider: met to knock around some ideas.
knock back Informal
To gulp (an alcoholic drink).
knock down
1. To bring to the ground with a blow or other forceful action; topple.
2. To disassemble into parts, as for storage or shipping.
3. To declare sold at an auction, as by striking a blow with a gavel.
4. To reduce in amount or intensity: a retailer who knocked down the price by 20 percent; firefighters who knocked down the fire enough to search the house.
5. Slang To receive as wages; earn: knocks down $50 an hour.
knock off
1. Informal
a. To take a break or rest from; stop: knocked off work at noon.
b. To cease work: It's after five; let's knock off.
2. Informal To complete, accomplish, or dispose of hastily or easily; finish: That author knocks off a book a year.
3. Informal To get rid of; eliminate: knocked off 12 pounds in a month.
4. Slang To kill or overcome.
5. Slang To hold up or rob: knocked off a bank.
6. Informal To copy or imitate, especially without permission: knocking off someone else's ideas.
knock out
1. To render unconscious.
2. Sports To defeat (a boxing opponent) by a knockout.
3. To render useless or inoperative: The storm knocked out the phones.
4. Informal To excite or overwhelm, especially by being sexually attractive.
5. Informal To exert or exhaust (oneself or another) to the utmost: knocked herself out to be ready on time.
6. Informal To produce in abundance: The workers knocked out 500 parts in one hour.
7. To inactivate (a gene or genes) by genetic manipulation so that the resulting phenotypic effects can be observed.
knock together
To make or assemble quickly or carelessly.
knock up
1. Derogatory Slang To make pregnant.
2. Chiefly British To wake up or summon, as by knocking at the door.
3. Chiefly British To wear out; exhaust.
Idioms:
have it knocked Slang
To be certain of success: "He knew he had it knocked after he saw a rough cut of Chinatown" (Time).
knock cold
To render unconscious; knock out.
knock dead
1. To kill with a blow.
2. Slang To affect strongly and positively: a performance that knocked the audience dead.
knock it off Slang
To stop doing something. Often used in the imperative: He asked us to knock it off.
knock out of the box Baseball
To force the removal of (an opposing pitcher) by heavy hitting.
knock (someone's) socks off Slang
To overwhelm or amaze.
knock some sense into Slang
To beat or hit (someone) in an effort to teach a lesson or cause a person to adopt an acceptable pattern of behavior.

[Middle English knokken, from Old English cnocian.]

knock

(nɒk)
vb
1. (tr) to give a blow or push to; strike
2. (intr) to rap sharply with the knuckles, a hard object, etc, esp to capture attention: to knock at the door.
3. (tr) to make or force by striking: to knock a hole in the wall.
4. (usually foll by: against) to collide (with)
5. (tr) to bring into a certain condition by hitting or pushing: to knock someone unconscious.
6. (tr) informal to criticize adversely; belittle: to knock someone's work.
7. (Automotive Engineering) (intr) Also: pink (of an internal-combustion engine) to emit a characteristic metallic noise as a result of faulty combustion
8. (Automotive Engineering) (intr) (of a bearing, esp one in an engine) to emit a regular characteristic sound as a result of wear
9. slang Brit to have sexual intercourse with (a person)
10. knock a person into the middle of next week informal to hit a person with a very heavy blow
11. knock one's head against to have a violent or unpleasant encounter with (adverse facts or circumstances)
12. knock on the head
a. to daze or kill (a person) by striking on the head
b. to prevent the further development of (a plan)
n
13.
a. a blow, push, or rap: he gave the table a knock.
b. the sound so caused
14. (Automotive Engineering) the sound of knocking in an engine or bearing
15. informal a misfortune, rebuff, or setback
16. informal unfavourable criticism
17. (Cricket) informal (in cricket) an innings or a spell of batting
[Old English cnocian, of imitative origin; related to Old Norse knoka to hit]

knock

(nɒk)
v.i.
1. to strike a sounding blow, as in seeking admittance, calling attention, or giving a signal.
2. to strike in collision; bump: to knock into a table.
3. to make a pounding noise: The car's engine is knocking badly.
4. Informal. to find fault.
5. to end a card game, as in gin rummy, by laying down a hand in which those cards not included in sets total less than a specific amount.
v.t.
6. to give a sounding or forcible blow to; hit; strike; beat.
7. to drive, force, or render by striking: to knock a man senseless.
8. to make by striking a blow or blows: to knock a hole in the wall.
9. to strike (a thing) against something else.
10. Informal. to criticize, esp. in a carping manner.
11. knock around or about,
a. to wander, esp. living briefly in one place after another.
b. to mistreat; manhandle.
12. knock back, Slang. to drink (a beverage), esp. quickly and heartily.
13. knock down,
a. to cause to fall by striking.
b. to dismantle for ease of handling.
c. to lower the price of.
d. to sell at auction, as through a blow of the auctioneer's hammer.
14. knock off,
a. to cease an activity, esp. the day's work.
b. to cease (work).
c. Informal. to do, produce, or dispose of quickly, hurriedly, or with ease: to knock off a couple of stories in a day.
d. Slang. to murder.
e. to reduce a price by the amount of.
f. Slang. to disable or defeat.
g. Slang. to rob; burglarize.
h. to copy or plagiarize.
15. knock out,
a. to defeat (an opponent) in a boxing match by striking such a blow that the opponent is unable to rise within the specified time.
b. to make unconscious.
c. to make tired or exhausted.
d. Informal. to produce quickly; knock off.
e. to damage or destroy: to knock out the power lines.
f. Slang. to impress greatly; overwhelm with amazed delight.
16. knock over,
a. to strike (someone or something) from an erect to a prone position.
b. to distress; overcome.
c. Slang. to rob, burglarize, or hijack.
17. knock together, to make or construct in a hurry or with little attention to detail.
18. knock up,
a. Slang. to make pregnant.
b. to exhaust; weary; tire.
c. Brit. to wake up; rouse.
n.
19. an act or instance of knocking.
20. the sound of knocking, esp. a rap, as at a door.
21. a blow or thump.
22. Informal. an adverse criticism.
23. the noise resulting from faulty combustion or incorrect functioning within an internal-combustion engine.
24. (in cricket) an inning.
Idioms:
1. knock it off, to cease doing or saying something.
2. knock one's socks off, Informal. to have an overwhelming effect on.
[before 1000; Middle English knokken, knoken (v.), Old English cnocian, cnucian; c. Middle High German knochen, Old Norse knoka to thump, knock]
knock′less, adj.

knock


Past participle: knocked
Gerund: knocking

Imperative
knock
knock
Present
I knock
you knock
he/she/it knocks
we knock
you knock
they knock
Preterite
I knocked
you knocked
he/she/it knocked
we knocked
you knocked
they knocked
Present Continuous
I am knocking
you are knocking
he/she/it is knocking
we are knocking
you are knocking
they are knocking
Present Perfect
I have knocked
you have knocked
he/she/it has knocked
we have knocked
you have knocked
they have knocked
Past Continuous
I was knocking
you were knocking
he/she/it was knocking
we were knocking
you were knocking
they were knocking
Past Perfect
I had knocked
you had knocked
he/she/it had knocked
we had knocked
you had knocked
they had knocked
Future
I will knock
you will knock
he/she/it will knock
we will knock
you will knock
they will knock
Future Perfect
I will have knocked
you will have knocked
he/she/it will have knocked
we will have knocked
you will have knocked
they will have knocked
Future Continuous
I will be knocking
you will be knocking
he/she/it will be knocking
we will be knocking
you will be knocking
they will be knocking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been knocking
you have been knocking
he/she/it has been knocking
we have been knocking
you have been knocking
they have been knocking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been knocking
you will have been knocking
he/she/it will have been knocking
we will have been knocking
you will have been knocking
they will have been knocking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been knocking
you had been knocking
he/she/it had been knocking
we had been knocking
you had been knocking
they had been knocking
Conditional
I would knock
you would knock
he/she/it would knock
we would knock
you would knock
they would knock
Past Conditional
I would have knocked
you would have knocked
he/she/it would have knocked
we would have knocked
you would have knocked
they would have knocked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.knock - the sound of knocking (as on a door or in an engine or bearing)knock - the sound of knocking (as on a door or in an engine or bearing); "the knocking grew louder"
sound - the sudden occurrence of an audible event; "the sound awakened them"
2.knock - negative criticism
criticism, critique - a serious examination and judgment of something; "constructive criticism is always appreciated"
3.knock - a vigorous blowknock - a vigorous blow; "the sudden knock floored him"; "he took a bash right in his face"; "he got a bang on the head"
blow, bump - an impact (as from a collision); "the bump threw him off the bicycle"
4.knock - a bad experience; "the school of hard knocks"
misfortune, bad luck - unnecessary and unforeseen trouble resulting from an unfortunate event
5.knock - the act of hitting vigorouslyknock - the act of hitting vigorously; "he gave the table a whack"
blow - a powerful stroke with the fist or a weapon; "a blow on the head"
Verb1.knock - deliver a sharp blow or push :"He knocked the glass clear across the room"knock - deliver a sharp blow or push :"He knocked the glass clear across the room"
strike - deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon; "The teacher struck the child"; "the opponent refused to strike"; "The boxer struck the attacker dead"
coldcock, floor, knock down, deck, dump - knock down with force; "He decked his opponent"
kayo, knock cold, knock out - knock unconscious or senseless; "the boxing champion knocked out his opponent in a few seconds"
tip over, tump over, bowl over, knock over, overturn, turn over, upset - cause to overturn from an upright or normal position; "The cat knocked over the flower vase"; "the clumsy customer turned over the vase"; "he tumped over his beer"
2.knock - rap with the knuckles; "knock on the door"
knap, rap - strike sharply; "rap him on the knuckles"
3.knock - knock against with force or violence; "My car bumped into the tree"
collide with, impinge on, hit, run into, strike - hit against; come into sudden contact with; "The car hit a tree"; "He struck the table with his elbow"
bump into, jar against, knock against, run into, butt against - collide violently with an obstacle; "I ran into the telephone pole"
batter, buffet, knock about - strike against forcefully; "Winds buffeted the tent"
4.knock - make light, repeated taps on a surface; "he was tapping his fingers on the table impatiently"
sound, go - make a certain noise or sound; "She went `Mmmmm'"; "The gun went `bang'"
5.knock - sound like a car engine that is firing too early; "the car pinged when I put in low-octane gasoline"; "The car pinked when the ignition was too far retarded"
sound, go - make a certain noise or sound; "She went `Mmmmm'"; "The gun went `bang'"
6.knock - find fault with; express criticism of; point out real or perceived flaws; "The paper criticized the new movie"; "Don't knock the food--it's free"
censure, reprimand, criminate - rebuke formally
savage, pillory, crucify, blast - criticize harshly or violently; "The press savaged the new President"; "The critics crucified the author for plagiarizing a famous passage"
reprove, admonish - take to task; "He admonished the child for his bad behavior"
call on the carpet, chew out, chew up, chide, dress down, have words, bawl out, berate, rebuke, reproof, scold, take to task, call down, lambast, lambaste, lecture, reprimand, remonstrate, trounce, jaw, rag - censure severely or angrily; "The mother scolded the child for entering a stranger's car"; "The deputy ragged the Prime Minister"; "The customer dressed down the waiter for bringing cold soup"
reprehend - express strong disapproval of
deplore - express strong disapproval of; "We deplore the government's treatment of political prisoners"
belabor, belabour - attack verbally with harsh criticism; "She was belabored by her fellow students"
come down - criticize or reprimand harshly; "The critics came down hard on the new play"
denounce - speak out against; "He denounced the Nazis"
find fault, blame, pick - harass with constant criticism; "Don't always pick on your little brother"
disparage, belittle, pick at - express a negative opinion of; "She disparaged her student's efforts"
nitpick - be overly critical; criticize minor details
lash out, attack, snipe, assail, assault, round - attack in speech or writing; "The editors of the left-leaning paper attacked the new House Speaker"
comment, point out, remark, notice - make or write a comment on; "he commented the paper of his colleague"
harsh on - criticize harshly; "the teacher keeps harshing on the same kid"

knock

verb
1. bang, beat, strike, tap, rap, bash (informal), thump, buffet, pummel Knock at my window at eight o'clock and I'll be ready.
2. hit, strike, punch, belt (informal), deck (slang), slap, chin (slang), smack, thump, clap, cuff, smite (archaic), thwack, lay one on (slang) He was mucking around and he knocked her in the stomach.
3. (Informal) criticize, condemn, put down, run down, abuse, blast, pan (informal), slam (slang), flame (informal), slate (informal), have a go (at) (informal), censure, slag (off) (slang), denigrate, belittle, disparage, deprecate, diss (slang, chiefly U.S.), find fault with, carp at, lambast(e), pick holes in, cast aspersions on, cavil at, pick to pieces, give (someone or something) a bad press I'm not knocking them: if they want to do it, it's up to them.
noun
1. knocking, pounding, beating, tap, hammering, bang, banging, rap, thump, thud They heard a knock at the front door.
2. blow, impact, bang, jar, collision, jolt, smash The bags have tough exterior materials to protect against knocks.
3. blow, hit, punch, crack, belt (informal), clip, slap, bash, smack, thump, clout (informal), cuff, box He had taken a knock on the head in training.
4. (Informal) setback, check, defeat, blow, upset, reverse, disappointment, hold-up, hitch, reversal, misfortune, rebuff, whammy (informal, chiefly U.S.), bummer (slang) The air market has suffered some severe knocks.
knock about or around wander, travel, roam, rove, range, drift, stray, ramble, straggle, traipse, go walkabout (Austral.), stravaig (Scot. & Northern English dialect) reporters who knock around in troubled parts of the world
knock about or around with someone mix with, associate with, mingle with, hang out with (informal), hang with (informal, chiefly U.S.), be friends with, consort with, run around with (informal), hobnob with, socialize with, accompany, hang about with, fraternize with I used to knock about with all the lads.
knock it off (Informal) stop, stop it, lay off (informal), cut it (informal), give over (informal), pack it in (informal), cut it out (informal), leave it out (informal), give it a rest (informal) Will you just knock it off!
knock off (Informal) stop work, get out, conclude, shut down, terminate, call it a day (informal), finish work, clock off, clock out What time do you knock off?
knock-on effect consequence, result, repercussion, upshot knock-on effects on wages and retail prices
knock someone about or around hit, attack, beat, strike, damage, abuse, hurt, injure, wound, assault, harm, batter, slap, bruise, thrash, beat up (informal), buffet, maul, work over (slang), clobber (slang), mistreat, manhandle, maltreat, lambast(e), slap around (informal) He started knocking me around.
knock someone down run over, hit, run down, knock over, mow down He died in hospital after being knocked down by a car.
knock someone off (Slang) kill, murder, do in (slang), slaughter, destroy, waste (informal), take out (slang), execute, massacre, butcher, wipe out (informal), dispatch, cut down, erase, assassinate, slay, eradicate, whack (informal), do away with, blow away (slang, chiefly U.S.), obliterate, liquidate, decimate, annihilate, neutralize, exterminate, croak, mow down, take (someone's) life, bump off (slang), extirpate, wipe from the face of the earth (informal) Several people had a motive to knock him off.
knock someone out
1. floor, knock unconscious, knock senseless, render unconscious, level, stun, daze He had never been knocked out in a professional fight.
2. eliminate, beat, defeat, trounce, vanquish We were knocked out in the quarter-finals.
3. (Informal) impress, move, strike, touch, affect, influence, excite, inspire, grab (informal), stir, overwhelm, sway, make an impression on That performance knocked me out.
knock someone up
1. (Informal) wake up, wake, get up, revive, arouse, awaken, rouse He went to knock Rob up at 4.30am.
2. (Slang) make pregnant, fertilize, impregnate, inseminate, fructify, fecundate, get with child When I got knocked up, the whole town knew about it.
knock something back (usually with a drink as object) drink quickly, down (informal), swallow, swig, guzzle, quaff, drink up, gulp down He was knocking back his tenth gin and tonic
knock something down
1. demolish, destroy, flatten, tear down, level, total (slang), fell, ruin, dismantle, trash (slang), bulldoze, raze, pulverize Why doesn't he just knock the wall down?
2. reduce, cut, lower, discount, slash, bring down, mark down, cheapen The market might abandon the stock, and knock down its price.
knock something off
1. (Slang) steal, take, nick (slang, chiefly Brit.), thieve, rob, pinch, cabbage (Brit. slang), blag (slang), pilfer, purloin, filch Cars can be stolen almost as easily as knocking off a bike.
2. remove, take away, deduct, debit, subtract I'll knock off another £100 if you pay in cash.
knock something or someone back set back, delay, hold up, hinder, retard, impede, slow Every time we got rolling something came along to knock us back.
knock something out destroy, total (slang), waste, ruin, crush, devastate, wreck, shatter, wipe out, dispatch, dismantle, demolish, trash (slang), desolate, raze, blow to bits, blow sky-high A storm has made roads treacherous and knocked out power supplies.

knock

verb
1. To deliver a powerful blow to suddenly and sharply:
Informal: biff, bop, clip, wallop.
Slang: belt, conk, paste.
Idioms: let someone have it, sock it to someone.
2. To make a noise by striking:
3. Slang. To find fault with:
Informal: cut up, pan.
phrasal verb
knock about or around
1. To be rough or brutal with:
Slang: mess up.
2. To injure or damage, as by abuse or heavy wear:
3. Informal. To speak together and exchange ideas and opinions about:
bandy (about), discuss, moot, talk over, thrash out (or over), thresh out (or over), toss around.
Informal: hash (over), kick around.
Slang: rap.
phrasal verb
knock down
1. To cause to fall, as from a shot or blow:
Slang: deck.
Idiom: lay low.
2. To pull down or break up so that reconstruction is impossible:
Aerospace: destruct.
phrasal verb
knock off
1. Informal. To take away (a quantity) from another quantity:
2. Slang. To take the life of (a person or persons) unlawfully:
Informal: put away.
3. Slang. To take property or possessions from (a person or company, for example) unlawfully and usually forcibly:
Slang: heist.
phrasal verb
knock out
1. To render powerless or motionless, as by inflicting severe injury:
Idiom: put out of action.
2. Informal. To make extremely tired:
Informal: tucker (out).
Slang: do in, poop (out).
Idioms: run ragged, take it out of.
phrasal verb
knock over
To turn or cause to turn from a vertical or horizontal position:
noun
1. The sound made by a light blow:
2. Slang. A comment expressing fault:
Informal: pan.
Translations
خَبْطَةٌضَرْبَه، صَدْمَهطَرْقَهيَخْبِطُيَدُق
klepatúderudeřituhodit
bankbankebankenslåslag
koputtaakoputusnakuttaatyrmätäisku
kucanjekucati
beleütõdikkopogtat
tabrak
bankbank; höggbankarekast á; hrindarekast á; reka í
たたくたたくこと
노크두드리다
apšiltibaigti darbąbeldimasbelstiišmaukti
atsistiesbelziensdauzītklauvējiensklauvēt
klopanieklopať
nokautiratiprevrnitisunititrkanjetrkati
knackaknackning
เคาะการเคาะ
cú đánhđập

knock

[nɒk]
A. N
1. (gen) → golpe m; (in collision) → choque m; (on door) → llamada f
a knock on the headun golpe en la cabeza
there was a knock at the doorllamaron a la puerta
his pride took a knocksu orgullo sufrió un golpe
the team took a hard knock yesterdayayer el equipo recibió un rudo golpe
he has had plenty of hard knocksha recibido muchos y duros golpes en la vida
2. (in engine) → golpeteo m
B. VT
1. (= strike) → golpear
to knock a hole in sthhacer or abrir un agujero en algo
to knock a nail into sthclavar un clavo en algo
to knock sb on the headgolpear a algn en la cabeza
to knock one's head on/against sth (by accident) → dar con la cabeza contra algo; (deliberately) → dar cabezazos contra algo
I knocked my elbow on or against the tableme di (un golpe) en el codo con la mesa
to knock sb to the groundtirar or echar a algn al suelo
to knock sb unconscious or out or colddejar a algn sin sentido
to knock sth to the floordar con algo en el suelo
he knocked the knife out of her handle quitó el cuchillo de la mano de un golpe
I knocked the ball into the watertiré la pelota al agua
to knock the bottom out of sth [+ box] → desfondar algo (fig) [+ argument] → dejar algo sin fundamentos
to knock sth on the head (Brit) (= put paid to) [+ idea] → echar algo por tierra
to knock some sense into sbhacer entrar en razón a algn
to knock sb sidewaysdejar de piedra or patidifuso a algn
to knock spots off sbdar mil vueltas a algn
2. (= criticize) → criticar, hablar mal de
C. VI
1. (strike) → golpear; (at door) → llamar a la puerta
"knock before entering"llamar a la puerta antes de entrar
he knocked at the door/on the tablellamó a la puerta/dio un golpe en la mesa
poverty was knocking at his doorla pobreza llamaba a su puerta
I can't give a job to everyone who comes knocking on my doorno puedo dar trabajo a todos los que vienen pidiéndomelo or que llaman a mi puerta
2. (= bump) to knock into sth/sbchocar or tropezar con algo/algn
to knock against sthchocar or dar con or contra algo
3. [engine] → golpetear
knock about knock around
A. VT + ADV
1. [+ person] → pegar, maltratar; [+ object] → golpear, maltratar
the place was badly knocked aboutel lugar sufrió grandes estragos
the car was rather knocked aboutel coche estaba en bastante mal estado
2. (= discuss) to knock an idea arounddar vueltas a una idea
B. VI + ADV he's knocked about (the world) a bitha visto mucho mundo
he's knocking about somewhereanda por algún lado
she knocks around with a bad crowdanda con malas compañías
knock back VT + ADV
1. [+ drink] → beberse (de un trago)
he can certainly knock them backsabe darle al trago
2. (= cost) it knocked me back £10me costó 10 libras
3. (= shock) → asombrar, pasmar
the smell knocks you backel olor echa para atrás
4. (= reject) [+ offer] → rechazar; [+ person] → rechazar, dar con la puerta en las narices a
knock down VT + ADV
1. (= pull, throw to the ground) [+ building] → derribar, demoler; [+ person] → tirar al suelo; [+ pedestrian] → atropellar; [+ tree, door etc] → derribar, echar abajo (fig) [+ argument etc] → echar por tierra
2. (= reduce) [+ price] → rebajar, reducir
I knocked him down to £20conseguí que me rebajara el precio a 20 libras
3. (at auction) it was knocked down to him for £200se lo adjudicaron en 200 libras
knock in VT + ADVclavar
knock off
A. VT + ADV
1. (= make fall) → hacer caer; (intentionally) → echar abajo
2. (= deduct) he knocked £5 off (from price) → rebajó el precio en 5 libras, hizo un descuento de 5 libras
to knock three seconds off the recordmejorar el récord en tres segundos
3. (= steal) → birlar
4. (= do quickly) [+ meal] → preparar enseguida; [+ garment] → hacer enseguida; [+ novel] → escribir rápidamente
5. (= stop) knock it off!¡déjalo ya!
6. (= arrest) → detener, agarrar; (= kill) → cargarse
7. [+ woman] → tirarse a
B. VI + ADV he knocks off at fivesale del trabajo a las cinco
I knock off for lunch at onedejo el trabajo a la una para (salir a) comer
knock on VI + ADV he's knocking on a bites bastante viejo
she's knocking on for 60va para los 60
knock out VT + ADV
2. (= strike out) [+ nails] → extraer, sacar; (in fight) [+ teeth] → romper
3. (in competition) → eliminar
4. (= make) [+ product] → producir, fabricar; [+ garment] → hacer; [+ novel] → escribir
5. (= destroy) [+ enemy target] → destruir; (= stop) [+ electricity supply, telephone lines] → cortar
6. (= exhaust) → agotar, dejar para el arrastre
7. (shock) → dejar pasmado
knock over VT + ADV [+ object] → tirar, voltear (LAm); [+ pedestrian] → atropellar
knock together VT + ADV
1. [+ two objects] → golpear (uno contra otro)
I ought to knock your heads together!¡os debería dar una buena paliza!
2. = knock up A2
knock up
A. VT + ADV
1. (Brit) (= waken) → despertar, llamar
2. (= make hastily) → hacer; [+ meal] → preparar
3. (Brit) (= tire) → agotar; (= make ill) → dejar enfermo
he was knocked up for a monthestuvo enfermo durante un mes
4. (= make pregnant) → dejar embarazada
B. VI + ADV (Tennis) → pelotear

knock

[ˈnɒk]
vt
(= strike) → cogner, heurter
She must have knocked the picture when she went out → Elle a dû cogner le tableau en sortant., Elle a dû heurter le tableau en sortant.
to knock one's head → se cogner la tête
He knocked his head getting out of the car → Il s'est cogné la tête en sortant de la voiture.
to knock one's head on sth → se cogner la tête contre qch
Don't knock your head on the beam → Ne vous cognez pas la tête contre la poutre.
He knocked the drink out of my hand → Il heurta mon verre et le fit tomber de ma main.
to knock sb unconscious (= knock out) → mettre qn KO
to be knocked unconscious → perdre conscience après un choc
to knock sb to the ground [blow, blast] → jeter qn à terre
The force of the blast had knocked me to the ground → La force de la déflagration m'avait jeté à terre.
Dad knocked him to the floor → Papa le jeta à terre.
(= make) to knock a hole in sth → faire un trou dans qch
(= force) [+ nail] → enfoncer
to knock a nail into sth → enfoncer un clou dans qch
to knock some sense into sb → apprendre à qn à vivre
Bring the boy to me, I'll soon knock some sense into him → Amène-le moi ce garçon, je m'en vais lui apprendre à vivre.
(= criticize) → dénigrer
It's a good job, don't knock it → C'est du bon travail, ne le dénigrez pas., C'est du bon travail, ne noircissez pas le tableau.
vi
(with knuckles)frapper
to knock at the door → frapper à la porte
Someone's knocking at the door → Quelqu'un frappe à la porte.
to knock on sth [+ door, window] → frapper à qch; [+ table, desk] → taper sur qch
At a quarter to four someone knocked on the window → À quatre heures moins le quart, quelqu'un frappa à la fenêtre.
[engine] → cogner; [pipe] → cogner
n
(which may cause damage)choc m
(on door)
There was a knock at the door → On frappa à la porte., On entendit frapper à la porte.
knock about
vt
(= hit) [+ person] → taper sur
He did not like to think she might be knocked about → Il n'aimait pas penser qu'on puisse taper sur elle., Il n'aimait pas penser qu'on puisse lui taper dessus.
[+ place] → traîner ses bottes dans
vi (= go around) → traîner ses bottes
knock about with sb → traîner avec qn
knock around
vt
(= hit) [+ person] → taper sur
He used to knock me around a bit → Il lui arrivait de me taper dessus un petit peu.
[+ place] → traîner ses bottes
vi (= go around) → traîner ses bottes
knock around with sb → traîner avec qn
knock back
vt sep
[+ drink] → descendre
He was knocking back the vodka as if it was lemonade → Il descendait la vodka comme si c'était de la limonade.
(= turn down) [+ offer] → repousser
knock down
vt sep
[+ person] → renverser
She was knocked down by a car → Elle a été renversée par une voiture.
[+ building, wall] → démolir
[+ price] → baisser
knock off
vi
(= finish work) → quitter
What time do you knock off? → À quelle heure tu quittes ?
vt
[+ vase, object] → faire tomber
(= steal) → piquer
(= reduce by) [+ time] → améliorer de
He has knocked 10 seconds off the world record → Il a amélioré le record du monde de dix secondes.
to knock off £10, to knock £10 off the price → baisser le prix de dix livres, faire une remise de 10 livres
knock it off! → ferme-la !
knock out
vt
(= knock unconscious) (gen)assommer
They knocked out the watchman → Ils ont assommé le gardien.
(= cause to sleep heavily) → assommer
[+ boxer] → mettre k.-o.
(of competition) [+ competitor, team] → éliminer
They were knocked out early in the tournament → Ils ont été éliminés tôt dans le tournoi.
knock over
vt
[+ object] → faire tomber
[+ pedestrian] → renverser
knock through
vt [+ rooms] → abattre les cloisons de
The four tiny bedrooms were knocked through → On abattit les cloisons des quatre petites chambres.
knock up
vt (= make) [+ dish, meal] → préparer en un tour de main; [+ shed, shelves] → monter en un tour de main; [+ document] → pondre
Can you knock up 400 words for us? → Tu peux nous pondre 400 mots?

knock

n
(esp Brit) (= blow)Stoß m; (esp with hand, tool etc) → Schlag m; to get a knockeinen Stoß/Schlag abbekommen; I got a knock on the head (= was hit)ich habe einen Schlag auf den Kopf bekommen; (= hit myself)ich habe mir den Kopf angeschlagen or angestoßen; he got a knock from the swingdie Schaukel hat ihn getroffen; he took a bit of a knocker hat einiges abbekommen (inf); the car took a few knocksmit dem Auto hat es ein paar Mal gebumst (inf); the furniture has had a few knocksdie Möbel haben ein paar Schrammen abbekommen; he gave himself a nasty knocker hat sich böse angeschlagen or angestoßen
(= noise)Klopfen nt no pl, → Pochen nt no pl (liter); (in engine) → Klopfen nt no pl, → Klopfgeräusch nt; there was a knock at the doores hat (an der Tür) geklopft; I heard a knockich habe es klopfen hören; I’ll give you a knock at 7 o’clock (Brit) → ich klopfe um 7 Uhr (an deine Tür)
(esp Brit) (fig: = setback) → (Tief)schlag m; knocks (inf: = criticism) → Kritik f; to (have to) take a lot of knocksviele Tiefschläge einstecken (müssen); (= be criticized)unter starken Beschuss kommen; to take a knock (self-confidence, pride etc)erschüttert werden; (reputation)geschädigt werden; (person)einen Tiefschlag erleben; the company took a bit of a knock as a result of the tax changesdie Steuerreform hat der Firma einen Schlag versetzt
vt
(= hit, strike)stoßen; (with hand, tool, racket etc) → schlagen; one’s knee, head etcanschlagen, anstoßen (→ on an +dat); (= nudge, jolt)stoßen gegen; (= collide with: car, driver) → rammen; to knock one’s head/elbow etcsich (dat)den Kopf/Ellbogen etc anschlagen or anstoßen; he knocked his foot against the tableer stieß mit dem Fuß gegen den Tisch; to knock somebody on the headjdn an or auf den Kopf schlagen; that knocked his idea on the head (Brit inf) → damit konnte er sich die Idee aus dem Kopf schlagen (inf); I decided to knock it on the head (Brit inf) → ich beschloss, der Sache (dat)ein Ende zu machen; the plan wasn’t working so we knocked it on the head (Brit inf) → der Plan klappte nicht, also ließen wir ihn fallen; to knock somebody to the groundjdn zu Boden werfen; to knock somebody unconsciousjdn bewusstlos werden lassen; (person) → jdn bewusstlos schlagen; to knock somebody dead (fig inf)jdn umhauen (inf); go out there and knock ’em dead (inf)jetzt zeigs denen aber mal! (inf); he knocked some holes in the side of the boxer machte ein paar Löcher in die Seite der Kiste; we knocked the two rooms into onewir verbanden die beiden Zimmer indem wir die Verbindungswand abrissen; to knock holes in an argumentein Argument zerpflücken; to knock somebody/something out of the wayjdn/etw beiseitestoßen; he knocked it as he went paster ist beim Vorbeigehen dagegengestoßen; (deliberately) → er hat ihm/ihr etc beim Vorbeigehen einen Stoß versetzt or gegeben; she knocked the glass to the groundsie stieß gegen das Glas und es fiel zu Boden; watch you don’t knock your glass off the tablepass auf, dass du dein Glas nicht vom Tisch stößt; to knock the nonsense out of somebodyjdm den Unsinn austreiben; to knock some sense into somebodyjdn zur Vernunft bringen; to knock somebody’s confidencejds Selbstbewusstsein erschüttern; he was knocked sideways by it (fig inf)es haute ihn um (inf); confidence in the legal system has been knocked sideways (inf)das Vertrauen in das Rechtssystem hat schwer gelitten
(inf: = criticize) → (he)runtermachen (inf); if you haven’t tried it, don’t knock itverurteile es doch nicht, wenn du es noch nie versucht hast
vi
(on door etc) → klopfen, pochen (liter); (engine etc)klopfen; to knock at or on the dooran die Tür klopfen, anklopfen; opportunity was or came knocking at his doorihm bot sich eine Gelegenheit; he is knocking on the door of the England teamer wird als Anwärter für die englische Nationalmannschaft gehandelt; to knock at or on the windowgegen das Fenster klopfen; knock before enteringbitte anklopfen; he knocked on the tableer schlug or klopfte auf den Tisch
(= bump, collide)stoßen (into, against gegen); he knocked into or against the gateposter rammte den Türpfosten
his knees were knocking (together)ihm zitterten or schlotterten (inf)die Knie
interj knock knock!klopf, klopf

knock

:
knockabout
adj
knock comedy (Theat) → Klamaukstück nt
knock clothesgammelige Kleidung
n (Naut) → kleiner Einmaster
knockback
n (inf: = setback) → Rückschlag m; he wasn’t used to getting a knock from a womaner war es nicht gewöhnt, von einer Frau zurückgewiesen zu werden or einen Korb zu bekommen (inf)
knockdown
adj attr
knock priceSchleuderpreis m; (at auction) → Mindestpreis m
furniture etczerlegbar; knock blow (Boxing) → Niederschlag m; a knock drag-out fight (US inf) (= fisticuffs)eine handfeste Schlägerei; (= argument)ein handfester Streit; (= difficult procedure)ein langwieriger Kampf
n (Boxing) → Niederschlag m

knock

:
knock-kneed
adjx-beinig, X-beinig; to be knockX-Beine haben
knock-me-down
adj (US inf) → überwältigend
knock-on effect
n (Brit) → Folgewirkungen pl (→ on auf +acc)

knock

[nɒk]
1. vt
a. (strike) → colpire
to knock a nail into sth → conficcare un chiodo in qc
to knock sb on the head → colpire qn in or alla testa
to knock one's head on/against sth → battere or sbattere la testa su/contro qc
to knock sb unconscious or out or cold → tramortire qn
to knock the bottom out of sth (box) → sfondare qc (fig) (argument) → demolire qc
he knocked the knife out of her hand → con un colpo le ha fatto cadere il coltello di mano
to knock spots off sb/sth (fig) (fam) → dare dei punti a qn/qc
to knock sb sideways or for six (fig) (fam) → lasciare qn di stucco
to knock some sense into sb (fam) → far entrare un po' di buonsenso in testa a qn
b. (fam) (criticize) → criticare
2. vi
a. (strike) → bussare
he knocked at or on the door → ha bussato alla porta
his knees were knocking → gli tremavano le ginocchia
b. (bump) to knock into or against sb/sthsbattere or urtare contro qn/qc
c. (engine) → battere in testa
3. n
a. (blow) → colpo; (in collision) → botta
there was a knock at the door → hanno bussato alla porta
I heard a knock → ho sentito bussare
his pride took a knock → il suo orgoglio ha subito un duro colpo
b. (in engine) → battito in testa
knock about knock around
1. vt + adv (person, object) → maltrattare
2. vi + adv (fam) (person) → vagabondare; (thing) it's knocking around here somewhereè qui in giro, da qualche parte
knock back vt + adv (fam)
a. (drink) → scolare, tracannare
b. (cost) it knocked me back £100mi è costato la bellezza di 100 sterline
knock down vt + adv
a. (building) → demolire; (person) → gettare a terra, stendere; (pedestrian) → investire; (tree) → abbattere; (door) → buttare giù
you could have knocked me down with a feather! → mi sono cadute le braccia!
b. (price) → abbassare; (object at auction) → aggiudicare
knock in vt + adv (nail) → conficcare
knock off
1. vt + adv
a. (strike off, vase on shelf) → far cadere (fig) (from price, record) to knock off £10 or knock £10 off the pricefare uno sconto di 10 sterline
b. (fam) (steal) → sgraffignare, fregare
c. (fam) (do quickly) → buttare giù
d. (fam) (stop) knock it off!piantala!
2. vi + adv (fam) (stop work) → smontare, staccare
knock out vt + adv
a. (stun) → stordire, stendere (Boxing) → mettere k.o. or fuori combattimento
b. (nails) → far uscire, levare; (in fight, teeth) → spaccare
to knock out one's pipe → svuotare la pipa
c. (eliminate, in competition) → eliminare
knock over vt + adv (object) → far cadere; (pedestrian) → investire
knock together vt + adv
a. (two objects) → battere uno contro l'altro
b. (make hastily) → mettere insieme alla svelta, arrangiare alla meglio
knock up vt + adv
a. (handle, lever) → tirare in alto
b. (Brit) (waken) → svegliare bussando alla porta
c. (make hastily) = knock together b

knock

(nok) verb
1. to make a sharp noise by hitting or tapping, especially on a door etc to attract attention. Just then, someone knocked at the door.
2. to cause to move, especially to fall, by hitting (often accidentally). She knocked a vase on to the floor while she was dusting.
3. to put into a certain state or position by hitting. He knocked the other man senseless.
4. (often with against, ~on) to strike against or bump into. She knocked against the table and spilt his cup of coffee; I knocked my head on the car door.
noun
1. an act of knocking or striking. She gave two knocks on the door; He had a nasty bruise from a knock he had received playing football.
2. the sound made by a knock, especially on a door etc. Suddenly they heard a loud knock.
ˈknocker noun
a piece of metal etc fixed to a door and used for knocking.
ˌknock-ˈkneed adjective
having legs that curve inwards abnormally at the knee.
knock about/around
1. to treat in a rough and unkind manner, especially to hit repeatedly. I've heard that her husband knocks her about.
2. to move about (in) in a casual manner without a definite destination or purpose. He spent six months knocking around before getting a job.
3. (with with) to be friendly with. I don't like the boys he knocks about with.
knock back
to drink, especially quickly and in large quantities. He knocked back three pints of beer in ten minutes.
knock down
1. to cause to fall by striking. He was so angry with the man that he knocked him down; The old lady was knocked down by a van as she crossed the street.
2. to reduce the price of (goods). She bought a coat that had been knocked down to half-price.
knock off
to stop working. I knocked off at six o'clock after studying for four hours; What time do you knock off in this factory?
knock out
1. to make unconscious by a blow, or (in boxing) unable to recover within the required time. The boxer knocked his opponent out in the third round.
2. to defeat and cause to retire from a competition. That team knocked us out in the semi-finals (noun ˈknock-out).
knock over
to cause to fall from an upright position. The dog knocked over a chair as it rushed past.
knock up
1. (of opponents in a tennis match) to have a short practice before starting on the match (noun ˈknock-up).
2. (slang) to make a woman pregnant.
get knocked up
to get pregnant.

knock

خَبْطَةٌ, يَخْبِطُ úder, udeřit bank, banke Stoß, stoßen βαράω, χτύπος dar un golpe, darse un golpe, golpe koputtaa, koputus coup, frapper kucanje, kucati bussare, colpo たたく, たたくこと 노크, 두드리다 klop, kloppen banke, banking stukanie, zapukać bater, batida стучать, удар knacka, knackning เคาะ, การเคาะ kapıyı çalmak, vuruş cú đánh, đập 敲打
References in periodicals archive ?
He is then knocked sideways by a devastating revelation and turns to the only person who can help him - Scottie.
As he heads out to pursue the truth to save his skin, he's knocked sideways by another devastating revelation.
It's worth forgiving him a onepaced sixth stepped up to 6f at Hamilton on his next start and handicap debut, as he lost a few lengths when knocked sideways leaving the stalls and saw plenty of daylight on the outside of the field.
Just as his pursuit of the truth hits a low, he's knocked sideways by a devastating revelation.
Just as his pursuit for the truth hits a low, he's knocked sideways by a devastating revelation.
Tony and Sara encounter one another while her family is in the process of acquiring Nick's vineyard, a deal knocked sideways by Nick and Alicia's enduring enmity, and even though Sara is engaged to stolid Brian (David Hunt, Heaton's husband) and wary of free-wheeling Tony, they spark the requisite frisson.
I was gazing into a large glass case, trying to decide between the dolce latte and the Gorgonzola, the coppa and the Parma ham when the whole business was knocked sideways by an overwhelming feeling of the presence of God.
The junco is knocked sideways then drops as if shot onto a granite bed, turning slowly mahogany there--wild peony.
Our original bid was bullish, but we were knocked sideways by the July 2005 bombings, the hike in electricity prices and regulatory approval for Grand Central, which will compete for our passengers calling at our stations on the same line, but will not have the same charges imposed upon them.
At the end of the summer consumers were knocked sideways by ransom demand fuel bills dropping through their letter boxes.
Survivors of the morning explosion said the bus was knocked sideways by the force of the explosion.