(redirected from koines)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


 (koi-nā′, koi′nā′)
1. A dialect of Greek that developed primarily from Attic and became the common language of the Hellenistic world, from which later stages of Greek are descended.
2. koine A lingua franca.
3. koine A regional dialect or language that becomes the standard language over a wider area, losing its most extreme local features.

[From Greek (hē) koinē (dialektos), common (language), feminine of koinos, common; see kom in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Linguistics) a common language among speakers of different languages; lingua franca
[from Greek koinē dialektos common language]


(Languages) the Koine (sometimes not capital) the Ancient Greek dialect that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely used throughout the E Mediterranean area in Roman times
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(kɔɪˈneɪ, ˈkɔɪ neɪ)

1. (usu. cap.) the form of ancient Greek, based mainly on Attic, that supplanted other dialects in the Hellenistic period and became the standard language, from which subsequent stages of Greek developed.
2. any language or dialect, often in modified form, in widespread use in an area where other languages were or still are spoken; lingua franca.
[1910–15; < Greek]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Koine - a Greek dialect that flourished under the Roman Empire
Greek, Hellenic, Hellenic language - the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages
2.koine - a common language used by speakers of different languages; "Koine is a dialect of ancient Greek that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean area in Roman times"
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
26 for Marlene JoAnne Koines of Eugene, who died Aug.
Introduction: linguistic and sociolinguistic approaches to the study of new town koines
Koines - Marlene JoAnne Koines, 59, of Eugene, died Aug.
In his own research he has drawn a careful distinction between traditional koines as actual spoken languages (kouyu de gongtongyu [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) and contemporary written or literary vernaculars (shumian gongtongyu [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) based on or related to these spoken koines (see, e.g., 1994: 126).
It can be seen to have been heir to a practice in traditional times that struck a compromise between competing forms of prestige Mandarin koines, including both a southern type and a northern type.
Nei due secoli successivi, la veloce espansione di centri di potere con nuove strutture politiche, corne corti e cancellerie, porte alla formazione di una varieta linguistica "panlombarda", oppure a cio che e stato definite "koine letteraria" o "semi-letteraria" (Vitale, 1953: 36).
Result 1: levelling, either into a koine, or by assimilation to a dominant variety, or a combination of the two
If, on the other hand, it represents the pronunciation of a koine, that may, from the standpoint of language and dialect history, mean something entirely different.