Influence of availability on spawning site selection by kokanees in streams.
The kokanee salmon is a dwarf, landlocked, freshwater form of the sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) native to the Pacific coast of northwestern North America and northeastern Asia (Scott and Crossman, 1973).
The ability of kokanee salmon to survive in marginal habitats such as Florence and Upper Bass lakes has implications for understanding the response of the species to environmental impacts that will likely reduce habitat suitability for coldwater lake species, especially increasing lake eutrophication and a warming climate (e.g., Colby et al., 1972; Ficke et al., 2007; Berge, 2009; Martins et al., 2011; Young, 2016).
After 1965, a trickle of scientific articles, and a gushing of newspaper articles, heralded the successful establishment of mysis shrimp in Kootenay Lake and its apparent role in churning out vast numbers of large kokanees. If knowledge and technology had helped reduce the costs and uncertainties of mysid introductions, the prospect of re-creating the Kootenay Lake fishery dramatically increased the apparent benefits.
California and Colorado also began introducing mysids for kokanee. Gosho, The Introduction of Mysis; Patrick Martinez and Eric Bergersen, 'Interactions of Zooplankton, Mysis relicta, and Kokanees in Lake Granby, Colorado', AFS Symposium 9 (1991): 49-64.
Not native to our region, kokanees are a Pacific salmon that spawn from Monterey Bay in California, north to Point Hope, Alaska.
Kokanee, sockeye or "red salmon" are all popular names for (Oncorhynchus nerka) the smallest representative of the salmon family in New York.
Anadromous sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) derived from nonanadromous kokanees: Life history in Lake Toro.
Oncorhynchus nerka is native to the north Pacific Ocean and occurs both as the anadromous sockeye salmon and the nonanadromous kokanee throughout most of its range (Burgner 1991).
Zelinsky: "A few years ago we had a huge kokanee
salmon spawn, .and there was an abundance of 8-inch salmon in our reservoirs.
nerka may be sea-run (known as sockeye salmon) or may reside permanently in lakes (known as kokanee).
We also wished to broaden understanding of the evolutionary genetic relationship between forms by sampling sockeye salmon and kokanee from across their entire geographic range.