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An area of stunted windblown trees growing at high elevations on mountain slopes.

[German Krummholz : krumm, crooked; see krummhorn + Holz, wood (from Middle High German holz, from Old High German).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Botany) botany another name for elfin forest, woodland
[C20: from German krumm bent + Holz wood]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
Here, in what we call krummholz, it is extremely difficult to navigate in winter.
Our objectives were to (1) describe changes in species composition and abundance of all vegetation layers (tree, shrub, field, ground) and functional types (tree, krummholz, tall shrub, medium shrub, small shrub, ground shrub, forest herb, moss, lichen, liverwort); and (2) characterize patterns in soil nutrients and temperature along an elevation gradient (i.e., temperature constraints, Korner and Paulsen, 2004; nitrogen deficiencies, Thebault et al., 2014).
Since the Brechtbuhl parents had connections to the Krummholz farmstead in Durrgraben (today, Heimisbach) in the local congregation (and legal jurisdiction) of Trachselwald, it is plausible that they moved there for a period of time shortly after their wedding.
A slightly different emphasis is offered by Martin Krummholz, writing on Central Europe.
And when that approach fails, the official code of conduct in the land of snow and krummholz is simple: You put on a straight face and lie.
Dwarf or 'pygmy' forests comprised of stunted, short-stature trees occur worldwide near treeline (i.e., krummholz), but are rare in climatic regions that otherwise support tall-stature forests (Reich and Hinckley, 1980; Cairns, 2005).
krummholz mats, flagging, and layering; see pictures in Amo, 1984).
The spruce-willow-birch zone of the subalpine area is characterized by an abundance of willow and scrub birch, as well as some balsam fir (Abies lasiocarpa) and white spruce often in krummholz form, and various grasses, sedges, and fescues (Festuca spp.).
Some rooms held krummholz bonsai against the low walls, the trees no higher than their nooks" (Robinson 88).