Forests and krummholz
in comparison with other regions of northern Buryatia.
Here, in what we call krummholz
, it is extremely difficult to navigate in winter.
Our objectives were to (1) describe changes in species composition and abundance of all vegetation layers (tree, shrub, field, ground) and functional types (tree, krummholz
, tall shrub, medium shrub, small shrub, ground shrub, forest herb, moss, lichen, liverwort); and (2) characterize patterns in soil nutrients and temperature along an elevation gradient (i.e., temperature constraints, Korner and Paulsen, 2004; nitrogen deficiencies, Thebault et al., 2014).
Extensive mortality has even occurred in krummholz
stands at the edge of timberline (CSFS 2013, 2014).
Since the Brechtbuhl parents had connections to the Krummholz
farmstead in Durrgraben (today, Heimisbach) in the local congregation (and legal jurisdiction) of Trachselwald, it is plausible that they moved there for a period of time shortly after their wedding.
A slightly different emphasis is offered by Martin Krummholz
, writing on Central Europe.
And when that approach fails, the official code of conduct in the land of snow and krummholz
is simple: You put on a straight face and lie.
Dwarf or 'pygmy' forests comprised of stunted, short-stature trees occur worldwide near treeline (i.e., krummholz
), but are rare in climatic regions that otherwise support tall-stature forests (Reich and Hinckley, 1980; Cairns, 2005).
mats, flagging, and layering; see pictures in Amo, 1984).
The spruce-willow-birch zone of the subalpine area is characterized by an abundance of willow and scrub birch, as well as some balsam fir (Abies lasiocarpa) and white spruce often in krummholz
form, and various grasses, sedges, and fescues (Festuca spp.).
Some rooms held krummholz
bonsai against the low walls, the trees no higher than their nooks" (Robinson 88).