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 (ko͞o-lăk′, ko͞o′lăk′, -läk′)
A prosperous landed peasant in czarist Russia, characterized by the Communists during the October Revolution as an exploiter.

[Russian, fist, kulak ("tightfisted landowner"), from Old Russian kulakŭ, fist, probably akin to dialectal Czech kulák, small stone (both Czech and Old Russian then being from Proto-Slavic *kulakŭ, fist, of unknown origin), or possibly of Turkic origin (akin to Turkish kol, arm, from Old Turkic kōl, upper arm).]


(Historical Terms) (in Russia after 1906) a member of the class of peasants who became proprietors of their own farms. After the October Revolution the kulaks opposed collectivization of land, but in 1929 Stalin initiated their liquidation
[C19: from Russian: fist, hence, tightfisted person; related to Turkish kol arm]


(kʊˈlɑk, -ˈlæk; ˈku lɑk, -læk)

a comparatively wealthy Soviet peasant who, during the Communist drive to collectivize agriculture in 1929–33, was viewed as an oppressor and class enemy.
[1875–80; < Russian kulák (orig.) a miserly person, literally, fist]


A Russian term meaning a tight-fisted person; used of peasant farmers who gained land after 1906. After 1917 they opposed collectivization of agricultural land, and in 1929 Stalin began their liquidation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Young pioneer, participant in the struggle against the kulaks during the collectivisation of agriculture in the U.
Kulaks and enemies of the people became non-people who could be liquidated without remorse.
15: D Coulson, M Morgan (Telent) and J McConkey, P Kulak (AXA)' 2.
Mr Kulak became a committed Christian after the tragic death of a friend, and rose to become commandant of the Marine Corps in 1995, five years after leading US troops against Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.
Kulak said now that he's on track to get his parking straightened out, he will hire an acoustic engineer to determine what soundproofing must be done and make appropriate modifications.
Currently, there are 12 Turkish companies based in Oman, namely STFA, Erko, Tekfen, Enka (Aeco), Fernas, Ay-Tek, Kulak, Erenport, Inco, Mapa-Gonal, MPE Engineer-ing and Majees Falcons Engineering.
How could the daughter of a kulak (the derogatory Russian word used to attack more prosperous peasants) overcome her class background, her "spoilt biography," and build a career in Soviet society?
Joseph Kulak is the managing director of HRH's National Environmental Practice.
As he presents the case, the kulaks simply destroyed all the grain (when, by the way, the most exaggerated Soviet estimate of kulak "control" over grain production was only one-third of total production) and hence starved themselves.