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1. A type of tumulus or barrow characteristic of a culture located on the steppes of southern Russia about 5000 bc and later spreading to the Danube, northern Europe, and northern Iran from around 3500 bc.
a. The culture that produced these tumuli or barrows.
b. A member of the people or peoples sharing this culture. The earliest Kurgans are considered by some to be speakers of Proto-Indo-European.
[Russian, fortified place, grave mound, from Old Turkic kurghan, fortified place.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Placename) a city in W Russia, on the Tobol River: industrial centre for an agricultural region. Pop: 344 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
an ancient burial mound constructed over a pit grave: earliest occurrence 4th millennium b.c., in the Russian Steppes.
[1885–90; < Russian kurgán burial mound < Turkic]
a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ural Mountains. 354,000.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.