Isoproterenol (Injection 1mg/ml), Labetalol
(Injection 5mg/ml), Meglumine Antimoniate (Injection 30%), Mercaptopurine (Tablets 50mg), Miltefosine Solid (Oral Dosage Form 10mg and 50mg), Phenoxymethylpenicillin (Powder for Oral Liquid 250mg/5ml), Procaine Penicillin (Injection 1MIU and 3MIU).
There are several drugs to choose from for the management of hypertensive emergencies, which include nitroglycerin, labetalol
, fenoldopam, nicardipine and clevidipine, among others.
Methyldopa and Labetalol
are safe and effective antihypertensive during pregnancy.
He said there is a shortage of four injections isocate, labetalol
, lapresso and isoptin which are not available in the market.
Intravenous boluses of either labetalol
or hydralazine or oral rapid-acting nifedipine are used initially if systolic BP is greater than or equal to 160 mm Hg or diastolic BP greater than or equal to 110 mm Hg persists for at least 30 minutes.
Additionally, patients with preeclampsia had higher blood pressure compared to controls and more patients were on antihypertensive medication (methyldopa or labetalol
) (P<0.05 in each case) (Table 1).
Objective: To compare the outcome of oral Nifedipine and intravenous Labetalol
in severe pregnancy induced hypertension in terms of time taken to achieve the target blood pressure.
Methyldopa is probably the drug of choice, because it is reported to have no harmful fetal effects, but it may not be as effective as labetalol
and calcium channel blockers (Table 3).
was given to 61 (87%) patients and oral labetalol
was given to 9 (13%) patients.
First-line antihypertensives considered safe during pregnancy are methyldopa, labetalol
, and nifedipine.
She was discharged home on labetalol
and nifedipine on post-delivery day 15.
The researchers found that patients with asthma used carboprost less frequently than patients with no asthma (11.4 versus 18.0 percent) compared with intravenous labetalol
, which was used more often among patients with a diagnosis of asthma than those without (18.5 versus 16.7 percent).