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Related to landscape: Landscape ecology


1. An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view: a desert landscape.
2. A picture depicting an expanse of scenery.
3. The branch of art dealing with the representation of natural scenery.
4. The aspect of the land characteristic of a particular region: a bleak New England winter landscape.
5. Grounds that have been landscaped: liked the house especially for its landscape.
6. An extensive mental view; an interior prospect: "They occupy the whole landscape of my thought" (James Thurber).
7. The orientation of a page such that the shorter side runs from top to bottom.
v. land·scaped, land·scap·ing, land·scapes
To adorn or improve (a section of ground) by contouring and by planting flowers, shrubs, or trees.
To arrange grounds aesthetically or maintain grounds as a profession.

[Dutch landschap, from Middle Dutch landscap, region : land, land; see lendh- in Indo-European roots + -scap, state, condition (collective suff.).]

land′scap′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Physical Geography) an extensive area of land regarded as being visually distinct: ugly slagheaps dominated the landscape.
2. (Art Terms) a painting, drawing, photograph, etc, depicting natural scenery
3. (Art Terms)
a. the genre including such pictures
b. (as modifier): landscape painter.
4. the distinctive features of a given area of intellectual activity, regarded as an integrated whole: the landscape of the European imagination.
(Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing
a. (of a publication or an illustration in a publication) of greater width than height. Compare portrait3
b. (of a page) carrying an illustration or table printed at right angles to the normal text
5. (Horticulture) (tr) to improve the natural features of (a garden, park, etc), as by creating contoured features and planting trees
6. (Horticulture) (intr) to work as a landscape gardener
[C16 landskip (originally a term in painting), from Middle Dutch lantscap region; related to Old English landscipe tract of land, Old High German lantscaf region]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



n., v. -scaped, -scap•ing,
adj. n.
1. a section or expanse of natural scenery, usu. extensive, that can be seen from a single viewpoint.
2. a picture representing natural inland or coastal scenery.
3. the art of depicting such scenery.
4. a sphere of activity; arena; scene.
5. to improve the appearance of (an area of land, a highway, etc.), as by planting trees, shrubs, or grass, or altering the contours of the ground.
6. to do landscape gardening or landscape architecture as a profession.
7. pertaining to, designating, or producing horizontal, sideways orientation of computer output, with lines of data parallel to the two longer sides of a page (contrasted with portrait).
[1595–1605; < Dutch landschap, c. Old English landsceap, landscipe tract of land. See land, -ship]
land′scap`er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'scene'

The noun scene has several meanings.

It can refer to a part of a play, film, or novel.

Do you know the balcony scene from 'Romeo and Juliet'?
It was like a scene from a Victorian novel.

The scene of an accident or crime is the place where it happened.

They were only a few miles from the scene of the crime.

You can describe something as a scene of a particular kind when you are giving your impression of the things that are happening there at a particular time.

I entered the room to be greeted by a scene of domestic tranquillity.
The sun rose over a scene of terrible destruction.
2. 'sight'

You use sight to give your impression of the appearance of a particular thing or person.

A volcano erupting is a spectacular sight.
With his ragged clothes and thin face, he was a pitiful sight.

You can use the plural form sights to refer to the interesting things that there are to see in a particular place.

Did you have time to see the sights while you were in Moscow?
A guide offered to show us the sights.

There are some other nouns that are commonly used to refer to things that people see:

3. 'view'

View is used to refer to what you can see from a window or high place.

Her bedroom window looked out on to a superb view of London.
From the top of the hill there is a fine view.
4. 'landscape'

The landscape is what you can see around you when you are travelling through an area of land. You can use this word whether the area is attractive or not.

The landscape around here is very flat.
The train passed through the industrial landscape of eastern Massachusetts.
5. 'scenery'

Scenery refers to what you see around you in an attractive part of the countryside.

We stopped on the way to admire the scenery.
I think Scotland has the most beautiful scenery in the world.

Be Careful!
Scenery is an uncountable noun. Don't talk about 'sceneries' or 'a scenery'.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: landscaped
Gerund: landscaping

I landscape
you landscape
he/she/it landscapes
we landscape
you landscape
they landscape
I landscaped
you landscaped
he/she/it landscaped
we landscaped
you landscaped
they landscaped
Present Continuous
I am landscaping
you are landscaping
he/she/it is landscaping
we are landscaping
you are landscaping
they are landscaping
Present Perfect
I have landscaped
you have landscaped
he/she/it has landscaped
we have landscaped
you have landscaped
they have landscaped
Past Continuous
I was landscaping
you were landscaping
he/she/it was landscaping
we were landscaping
you were landscaping
they were landscaping
Past Perfect
I had landscaped
you had landscaped
he/she/it had landscaped
we had landscaped
you had landscaped
they had landscaped
I will landscape
you will landscape
he/she/it will landscape
we will landscape
you will landscape
they will landscape
Future Perfect
I will have landscaped
you will have landscaped
he/she/it will have landscaped
we will have landscaped
you will have landscaped
they will have landscaped
Future Continuous
I will be landscaping
you will be landscaping
he/she/it will be landscaping
we will be landscaping
you will be landscaping
they will be landscaping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been landscaping
you have been landscaping
he/she/it has been landscaping
we have been landscaping
you have been landscaping
they have been landscaping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been landscaping
you will have been landscaping
he/she/it will have been landscaping
we will have been landscaping
you will have been landscaping
they will have been landscaping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been landscaping
you had been landscaping
he/she/it had been landscaping
we had been landscaping
you had been landscaping
they had been landscaping
I would landscape
you would landscape
he/she/it would landscape
we would landscape
you would landscape
they would landscape
Past Conditional
I would have landscaped
you would have landscaped
he/she/it would have landscaped
we would have landscaped
you would have landscaped
they would have landscaped
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011


A painting whose main subject is pure landscape without human figures; rare in western art before the seventeenth century.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.landscape - an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single viewlandscape - an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view
scenery - the appearance of a place
2.landscape - painting depicting an expanse of natural scenery
painting, picture - graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface; "a small painting by Picasso"; "he bought the painting as an investment"; "his pictures hang in the Louvre"
3.landscape - a genre of art dealing with the depiction of natural scenerylandscape - a genre of art dealing with the depiction of natural scenery
genre - a class of art (or artistic endeavor) having a characteristic form or technique
4.landscape - an extensive mental viewpoint; "the political landscape looks bleak without a change of administration"; "we changed the landscape for solving the problem of payroll inequity"
point of view, standpoint, viewpoint, stand - a mental position from which things are viewed; "we should consider this problem from the viewpoint of the Russians"; "teaching history gave him a special point of view toward current events"
Verb1.landscape - embellish with plants; "Let's landscape the yard"
gardening, horticulture - the cultivation of plants
adorn, decorate, grace, ornament, embellish, beautify - make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.; "Decorate the room for the party"; "beautify yourself for the special day"
landscape - do landscape gardening; "My sons landscapes for corporations and earns a good living"
2.landscape - do landscape gardening; "My sons landscapes for corporations and earns a good living"
gardening, horticulture - the cultivation of plants
garden - work in the garden; "My hobby is gardening"
landscape - embellish with plants; "Let's landscape the yard"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun scenery, country, view, land, scene, prospect, countryside, outlook, terrain, panorama, vista Arizona's desert landscape
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
لوحَةٌ تُظْهِرُ منظرا طبيعيَّامَشْهَد طَبيعيمَنْظَرٌ طَبِيعِيٌّيُرتبُ منظرَ الحديقَه
krajinaupravit parkově
kertépítõ mérnökkel megterveztettájkép
hanna og fegralandslaglandslagsmynd
gamtovaizdiskraštovaizdslandšafto specialistasparkų planavimaspeizažas
krajinkaupraviť ako park
manzaramanzara resmipeyzajdüzenlemekgüzelleştirmek
phong cảnh


A. N
1. (= scenery) → paisaje m
2. (Art) → paisaje m
3. (fig) → panorama m
the political landscapeel panorama político
the entire landscape of broadcasting has changeden el mundo de la radio- y tele-difusión el panorama ha cambiado por completo
B. VT [+ terrain, grounds] → ajardinar; [+ park, garden] → diseñar
C. CPD landscape architect Narquitecto/a m/f paisajista
landscape architecture Narquitectura f paisajista
landscape format N (Typ, Comput, Phot) → formato m apaisado
in landscape formaten formato apaisado
landscape gardener Njardinero/a m/f paisajista
landscape gardening Njardinería f paisajista
landscape painter Npaisajista mf
landscape painting N (= picture) → paisaje m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(= countryside) → paysage m
(= picture) → paysage m
vt [+ garden, park] → aménager; [+ industrial feature, areas] → paysager
to be landscaped [industrial feature] → être aménagé(e), être paysagé(e)landscape architect narchitecte mf paysagiste
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


1. npaesaggio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈlӕndskeip) noun
1. the area of land that a person can look at all at the same time. He stood on the hill surveying the landscape.
2. a picture showing a view of the countryside. He paints landscapes.
to do landscape gardening on. We are having our back garden landscaped.
landscape gardening
the art of planning and laying out gardens, parks etc.
landscape gardener noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


مَنْظَرٌ طَبِيعِيٌّ krajina landskab Landschaft τοπίο paisaje maisema paysage krajolik paesaggio 風景 경관 landschap landskap krajobraz paisagem ландшафт landskap ภูมิประเทศ manzara phong cảnh 风景
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
Behind the city swept the rotund upland of St Catherine's Hill; further off, landscape beyond landscape, till the horizon was lost in the radiance of the sun hanging above it.
How easily we might walk onward into the opening landscape, absorbed by new pictures and by thoughts fast succeeding each other, until by degrees the recollection of home was crowded out of the mind, all memory obliterated by the tyranny of the present, and we were led in triumph by nature.
Before he had gone far he observed that the landscape was growing more distinct--was brightening.
The further we went the hotter the sun got, and the more rocky and bare, repulsive and dreary the landscape became.
I call to mind a winter landscape in Amsterdam - a flat foreground of waste land, with here and there stacks of timber, like the huts of a camp of some very miserable tribe; the long stretch of the Handelskade; cold, stone-faced quays, with the snow-sprinkled ground and the hard, frozen water of the canal, in which were set ships one behind another with their frosty mooring-ropes hanging slack and their decks idle and deserted, because, as the master stevedore (a gentle, pale person, with a few golden hairs on his chin and a reddened nose) informed me, their cargoes were frozen-in up-country on barges and schuyts.
The sky over them was like a jewelled cup from which the dusk was pouring; the air was crisp with the compelling tang of the sea, and the whole landscape was infused with the subtleties of a sea evening.
It was a landscape of Bocklin's beside a landscape of Leader's, strident and ill-considered, but quivering into supernatural life.
"An evening landscape. In the foreground near a pond and a group of white beeches is leading a footpath animated by travelers."
He stood, in fact, upon that dividing ridge which Indians regard as the crest of the world; and on each side of which, the landscape may be said to decline to the two cardinal oceans of the globe.
Pierre to Chateaubriand, from Chateaubriand to Victor Hugo; it has no doubt some obscure relationship to those pantheistic theories which have greatly occupied people's minds in many modern readings of philosophy; it makes as much difference between the modern and the earlier landscape art as there is between the roughly outlined masks of a Byzantine mosaic and a portrait by Reynolds or Romney.
A lunar landscape without the softening of the phenomena of chiaro-oscuro could not be rendered by an earthly landscape painter; it would be spots of ink on a white page-- nothing more.

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