lapidary

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lap·i·dar·y

 (lăp′ĭ-dĕr′ē)
n. pl. lap·i·dar·ies
1. One who cuts, polishes, or engraves gems.
2. A dealer in precious or semiprecious stones.
adj.
1. Of or relating to precious stones or the art of working with them.
2.
a. Engraved in stone.
b. Marked by conciseness, precision, or refinement of expression: lapidary prose.
c. Sharply or finely delineated: a face with lapidary features.

[Middle English lapidarie, from Old French lapidaire, from Latin lapidārius, from lapis, lapid-, stone.]

lapidary

(ˈlæpɪdərɪ)
n, pl -daries
1. (Professions) a person whose business is to cut, polish, set, or deal in gemstones
2. (Jewellery) a person whose business is to cut, polish, set, or deal in gemstones
adj
3. (Jewellery) of or relating to gemstones or the work of a lapidary
4. (Jewellery) Also: lapidarian engraved, cut, or inscribed in a stone or gemstone
5. of sufficiently high quality to be engraved on a stone: a lapidary inscription.
[C14: from Latin lapidārius, from lapid-, lapis stone]
ˌlapiˈdarian adj

lap•i•dar•y

(ˈlæp ɪˌdɛr i)

n., pl. -dar•ies,
adj. n.
1. Also, lap′i•dist. a worker who cuts, polishes, and engraves precious stones.
2. Also, la•pid•ar•ist (ləˈpɪd ər ɪst) an expert in precious stones and the art or techniques used in cutting and engraving them.
3. the art of cutting, polishing, and engraving precious stones.
4. an old book on the lore of gems.
adj.
5. of or pertaining to the cutting or engraving of precious stones.
6. characterized by an exactitude and extreme refinement that suggests gem cutting: a lapidary style; lapidary verse.
7. of, pertaining to, or suggestive of inscriptions on stone monuments.
Also, lap•i•dar•i•an (ˌlæp ɪˈdɛər i ən)
[1325–75; Middle English lapidarie (n.) < Latin lapidārius of stone, stone-cutter =lapid-, s. of lapis stone + -ārius -ary]

lapidary

1. one who cuts, polishes, or engraves precious stones.
2. a cutter of gemstones, especially diamonds.
3. the art of cutting gemstones.
4. a connoisseur of cut gemstones and the art of their cutting. — lapidarist, n.lapidarian, adj.
See also: Gems
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lapidary - an expert on precious stones and the art of cutting and engraving them
expert - a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
2.lapidary - a skilled worker who cuts and engraves precious stones
engraver - a skilled worker who can inscribe designs or writing onto a surface by carving or etching
Adj.1.lapidary - of or relating to precious stones or the art of working with them; "the ring is of no lapidary value"- Lord Byron; "lapidary art"
Translations

lapidary

[ˈlæpɪdərɪ]
A. ADJlapidario
B. Nlapidario/a m/f

lapidary

adj lapidary art(Edel)steinschneidekunst f; lapidary inscriptionin Stein gehauene Inschrift
nSteinschneider(in) m(f)
References in classic literature ?
Tell me, Anselmo, if Heaven or good fortune had made thee master and lawful owner of a diamond of the finest quality, with the excellence and purity of which all the lapidaries that had seen it had been satisfied, saying with one voice and common consent that in purity, quality, and fineness, it was all that a stone of the kind could possibly be, thou thyself too being of the same belief, as knowing nothing to the contrary, would it be reasonable in thee to desire to take that diamond and place it between an anvil and a hammer, and by mere force of blows and strength of arm try if it were as hard and as fine as they said?
Emeralds were imported from Colombia by Portuguese and Spanish traders to India for Mughal patrons where they were polished and shaped by master lapidaries at the royal court.
Highly recommended for a narrow range of readers: biologists and law enforcement or conservation professionals dealing with the trade in animal parts, antique experts, museum professionals, or jewelers and lapidaries who identify and restore old objects or work with animal materials, and lovers of the British antiquarian tradition.
The book is designed for geologists and mineral fans rather than lapidaries and gem fans, but it gives some useful information on what the occasionally bewildering traditional gem names refer to, as well as photos of rough specimens of gem and non-gem varieties of quartz.
Although ancient and medieval lapidaries listed properties of gems in the form of a mystical catalogue, Barbey's allusions to individual jewels are subtle and scattered, like reflections through light.
3) The abundance of medieval English lapidaries and treatises on the properties of metals suggests that the contemporary audience was far more likely than the modern reader to recognize any symbolism regarding the ring.
The Corporation has set up a topaz marketing centre to supply lapidaries with rough topaz from the deposit.
Costume jewelry manufacturers, specialty coin producers and lapidaries (artisans who form stones, minerals and other durable materials into decorative items like cameos and engraved gems) are also included in this industry.
All collectors of minerals and all lapidaries may enter for competition and exhibition.
The particular subject area of this volume comprises the following five chapters: proverbs, dialogues (Solomon and Saturn, Adrian and Ritheus, and Elucidarium), romance (Apollonius, Alexander to Aristotle, and Wonders of the East), Byrhtferth and computus, and magico-medical literature (including lapidaries and prognostics).