large intestine


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large intestine

n.
The portion of the intestine that extends from the ileum to the anus, forming an arch around the convolutions of the small intestine and including the cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal. Also called large bowel.

large intestine

n
(Anatomy) the part of the alimentary canal consisting of the caecum, colon, and rectum. It extracts moisture from food residues, which are later excreted as faeces. Compare small intestine

in•tes•tine

(ɪnˈtɛs tɪn)

n.
1. Usu., intestines. the lower part of the alimentary canal, extending from the pylorus to the anus.
2. Also called small intestine. the narrow, longer part of the intestines, comprising the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, that serves to digest and absorb nutrients.
3. Also called large intestine. the broad, shorter part of the intestines, comprising the cecum, colon, and rectum, that absorbs water from and eliminates the residues of digestion.
adj.
4. internal; domestic; civil: intestine strife.
[1525–35; < Latin intestīnum, n. use of neuter of intestīnus internal]

large intestine

The wide lower section of the intestine that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus. In most vertebrate animals, it includes the cecum, colon, and rectum.

large intestine


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(or bowel) The lower part of the alimentary canal, comprising the cecum, colon, and rectum. The large intestine absorbs water and eliminates wastes as feces.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.large intestine - beginning with the cecum and ending with the rectumlarge intestine - beginning with the cecum and ending with the rectum; includes the cecum and the colon and the rectum; extracts moisture from food residues which are later excreted as feces
alimentary canal, alimentary tract, digestive tract, digestive tube, gastrointestinal tract, GI tract - tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
bowel, gut, intestine - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
colon - the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted
blind gut, caecum, cecum - the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens; "the appendix is an offshoot of the cecum"
transverse colon - the part of the large intestine that extends across the abdominal cavity and joins the ascending to the descending colon
ascending colon - the part of the large intestine that ascends from the cecum to the transverse colon
descending colon - the part of the large intestine that descends from the transverse colon to the sigmoid colon
sigmoid colon, sigmoid flexure - the s-shaped curve between the descending colon and the rectum
rectum - the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Basically, they're just gonna cut out a piece of my large intestine wherever the cancer is.
Luckily, surgeons got to him in time after medics met him off the plane in Nairobi and half of his large intestine was removed.
The abdominal and thoracic cavities were opened, internal organs including heart, liver, lung, kidney, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, fat body, and gonad (tests and ovaries) of each individual were removed, then each internal organs were rolled on a blotting paper to remove excess fluid and subsequently weighed to the nearest 0.
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease caused by inflammation of the large intestine and its symptoms are characterised by blood- and mucus-mixed diarrhea, frequent stools, abdominal pain, fever, weight loss and anaemia.
The use of EBD for the stenotic lesions of CD has been reported since the 1990s, with the procedure being conducted using an upper gastrointestinal endoscope or colonoscope mainly for the stenosis in the upper gastrointestinal tract, in the large intestine, or at the anastomotic site (17-25).
In this manuscript we tried to review the morphological and functional development of the small and large intestines with the aid of pictures obtained from various stages of prenatal and postnatal development the intestines of rats.
The only gross lesions reported by the attending veterinarian were whitish nodules on the mucosa of the large intestine, similar to those described in the first case.
A substance in carbohydrate-containing foods called "resistant starch" also resists digestion in the small intestine and provides fodder for probiotic bacteria in the large intestine.
diff spores need to germinate and become growing bacteria that produce toxins and damage the large intestine.
But just three months before she was due to enter her first bodybuilding contest last May, she become severely ill with pancolitis - a debilitating disease which spreads throughout the large intestine.
Cologuard also detects certain mutations associated with colorectal cancer in the DNA of cells shed by advanced adenomas as stool moves through the large intestine and rectum.