large intestine


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

large intestine

n.
The portion of the intestine that extends from the ileum to the anus, forming an arch around the convolutions of the small intestine and including the cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal. Also called large bowel.

large intestine

n
(Anatomy) the part of the alimentary canal consisting of the caecum, colon, and rectum. It extracts moisture from food residues, which are later excreted as faeces. Compare small intestine

in•tes•tine

(ɪnˈtɛs tɪn)

n.
1. Usu., intestines. the lower part of the alimentary canal, extending from the pylorus to the anus.
2. Also called small intestine. the narrow, longer part of the intestines, comprising the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, that serves to digest and absorb nutrients.
3. Also called large intestine. the broad, shorter part of the intestines, comprising the cecum, colon, and rectum, that absorbs water from and eliminates the residues of digestion.
adj.
4. internal; domestic; civil: intestine strife.
[1525–35; < Latin intestīnum, n. use of neuter of intestīnus internal]

large intestine

The wide lower section of the intestine that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus. In most vertebrate animals, it includes the cecum, colon, and rectum.

large intestine


click for a larger image
(or bowel) The lower part of the alimentary canal, comprising the cecum, colon, and rectum. The large intestine absorbs water and eliminates wastes as feces.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.large intestine - beginning with the cecum and ending with the rectumlarge intestine - beginning with the cecum and ending with the rectum; includes the cecum and the colon and the rectum; extracts moisture from food residues which are later excreted as feces
alimentary canal, alimentary tract, digestive tract, digestive tube, gastrointestinal tract, GI tract - tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
bowel, gut, intestine - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
colon - the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted
blind gut, caecum, cecum - the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens; "the appendix is an offshoot of the cecum"
transverse colon - the part of the large intestine that extends across the abdominal cavity and joins the ascending to the descending colon
ascending colon - the part of the large intestine that ascends from the cecum to the transverse colon
descending colon - the part of the large intestine that descends from the transverse colon to the sigmoid colon
sigmoid colon, sigmoid flexure - the s-shaped curve between the descending colon and the rectum
rectum - the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
But just three months before she was due to enter her first bodybuilding contest last May, she become severely ill with pancolitis - a debilitating disease which spreads throughout the large intestine.
Cologuard also detects certain mutations associated with colorectal cancer in the DNA of cells shed by advanced adenomas as stool moves through the large intestine and rectum.
One of the nurses said that they saw a perfectly, a large object lodged in the large intestine during X-ray and it was the first time they had encountered a running vibrator still inside somebody.
However, hog large intestines are a year-round staple in the cuisines of the Caribbean, Latin America and Asia.
The capsule operates inside the large intestine and is flushed out of the body with the bowel movement, leaving no chemicals in the body.
An estimated 1,400,000 Americans have inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, a chronic digestive disorder, and about 30,000 new cases are diagnosed annually Ulcerative colitis, one of the most common types of IBD, causes inflammation and ulcers in the top layers of the lining of the large intestine.
The use of fresh fruit and vegetables prevents many types of cancer particularly of large intestine and breast, he added.
Lack of water usually causes impaction of the large intestine, which is not as serious as impaction of the cecum or an intestinal blockage or twist (these are harder to treat successfully).
Practical gastroenterology and hepatology; small and large intestine and pancreas.
I WISH to agree with John Thomas of Amlwch about the care I also received at Tegid Ward of Ysbyty Gwynedd, where I had a tumour of the large intestine removed.
A further explanation for the extremely positive effect of blueberries may be that the blueberry fibers are not degraded to such a high degree in the large intestine.
Recent thinking from researchers in America linked obesity to the levels of two groups of bacteria which are found in the large intestine - Bacteroides and Firmicutes.