They address the structure and function of the voice as it applies to these singers; vocal health and fitness, including the impact of phonotrauma on vocal health and singing, multidisciplinary care, laryngopharyngeal
reflux, anesthesiology and the voice, the life cycle of the singing voice, and medicine, myths, and truths related to vocal health and hygiene; and vocal pedagogy, with discussion of classical and belting pedagogy, the physiology of belting, exercise physiology principles for training the vocal athlete, the application of motor learning principles to voice training, and audio technology.
pylori and laryngopharyngeal
reflux (LPR) had an important role in the etiopathogenesis of CRS.
PP has been reported as a manifestation of head and neck tumors, including laryngeal carcinoma (6), hypopharyngeal (4), and laryngopharyngeal
(7), but not TC, and this neoplasm has been associated with other PSs, such as dermatomyositis, autoimmune retinopathy, subacute cerebellar degeneration, thrombophlebitis, and hypercalcemia (8-10).
reflux (LPR) was coined by James  in the year 1991 and is described as the backflow of gastric contents into the laryngopharynx, whereby acid comes in contact with laryngopharyngeal
pharynx leading to its irritation.
She was also complaining of odynophagia and a feeling of lingual and laryngopharyngeal
It is conceivable, given the current evidence linking gluten sensitivity with GERD, which the signs and symptoms attributed to laryngopharyngeal
reflux (LPR) also might be linked to gluten sensitivity in this population, but this possibility has not been studied.
reflux (LPR) is an extraesophageal phenomenon that affects the larynx and is encountered frequently by otolaryngologists.
reflux (LPR) is a common medical condition characterized by daytime (upright) acid reflux, frequently without heartburn or esophagitis.
reflux (LPR) and lung aspiration of refluxate are dangerous complications that often occur in the absence of oesophagitis or its primary symptom, heartburn (5).
Maintaining proper laryngopharyngeal
sensation, re-creating a functional neoglottic valve and an adequate airway and enhancing physiological coordination during deglutition are crucial for successful rehabilitation of swallowing.
Both groups were compared with respect to time taken for insertion, manipulation, ease of insertion, attempts at insertion, movement during EBUS and procedure, maintenance of airway, laryngopharyngeal
morbidity, post-procedure discomfort, cough, fibreoptic assessment of vocal cords, airway sealing pressure and other complications.
Although the pathogenesis is not well known, it is suggested that VZV may reach nerve terminals by crossing the mucosa and indirectly infecting the IXth and Xth cranial nerves following a laryngopharyngeal
infection or VZV might spread via nerve anastomoses (1).