Various treatment methods like topical or intravenous (IV) lidocaine, opioids, inhaled anaesthetics, vasodilators, calcium channel blockers or adrenergic blockers have been used successfully in blunting the laryngoscopic
The surgical technique of direct laryngoscopic
larynx manipulation was was found effective in treating cases of puberphonia (mutational falsetto) in majority of patients.
This change to direct viewing anticipated modern laryngoscopic
methods and required fairly sophisticated manipulation of light sources for inspecting what had been generally considered inaccessible.
Instrument used in literature are Reflux Finding Score (RFS); LRG; Chronic Posterior Laryngitis index; Vaezi Index; LPR index (LRDI); Laryngoscopic
grading scale; Reflux symptom index (RSI).
Based on the laryngoscopic
and CT findings, the most likely diagnosis was a benign process such as a paraganglioma, schwannoma, or granuloma.
We present a series of patients with acute infectious laryngitis and their coinciding laryngoscopic
images to highlight salient features.
In the first week follow up after surgery, the laryngoscopic
examination showed full closure of the larynx, and no penetration was observed during functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES).
The CandL grading system, although originally designed to compare glottic views of Macintosh laryngoscopy, provided a useful comparison of the direct and indirect laryngoscopic
Although the endoeSL can also provide a precise suture placement, a videoendoscope and a special designed instrument , seem to be crowded inside the limited laryngoscopic
space, and consequently, the use of jet ventilation seems to be unavoidable.
The patient was scanned with whole-body positron emission tomography, and neck MR, laryngoscopic
, and endoscopic examinations were done.
In some institutions, non-physician practitioners are trained and permitted to perform laryngoscopic
OTI when an anesthetist is not immediately available (11, 12).
and radiological findings of laryngeal tuberculosis have a tendency to mimic laryngeal cancer (3,4).