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last 1

1. Being, coming, or placed after all others; final: the last game of the season.
2. Being the only one left: his last nickel; as a last resort.
3. Just past; most recent: last year; the last time I checked.
4. Most up-to-date; newest: the last thing in swimwear.
5. Highest in extent or degree; utmost: to the last measure of human endurance.
6. Most valid, authoritative, or conclusive: The arbiter will have the last say in resolving this dispute.
a. Least likely or expected: the last person we would have suspected.
b. The least desirable or suitable: the last man for the job.
8. Being the latest possible: waited until the last second before boarding the train.
9. Lowest in rank or importance: last prize; last place.
10. Used as an intensive: Every last dollar was donated to charity.
a. Of or relating to a terminal period or stage, as of life: the last days of the dinosaurs.
b. Administered just before death: the last sacraments.
1. After all others in chronology or sequence: arrived last.
2. Most recently: a fashion last popular in the 1940s.
3. At the end; finally: Add the butter last.
1. One that is at the end or last: the last to be chosen; on every page but the last.
2. The end: held out until the last.
3. The final mention or appearance: haven't seen the last of our troubles.
at last
After a considerable length of time; finally.
at long last
After a lengthy or troublesome wait or delay: At long last the winter was over.

[Middle English, from Old English latost, superlative of læt, late; see lē- in Indo-European roots.]

last′ly adv.
Synonyms: last1, final, terminal, ultimate
These adjectives mean coming after all others in chronology or sequence. Last applies to what comes at the end of a series: the last day of the month. Something final stresses the definitiveness and decisiveness of the conclusion: Somehow he always seems to get the final word in what we end up doing. Terminal applies to what marks or forms a limit or boundary, as in space, time, or development: That railroad's terminal city is a town with a large harbor. Ultimate applies to what concludes a series, process, or progression or constitutes a final result or objective: the ultimate sonata of that opus; our ultimate goal; the ultimate effect.

last 2

v. last·ed, last·ing, lasts
a. To continue in time; go on: The war lasted four years.
b. To continue; survive: The patient is not expected to last much longer.
a. To remain in good or usable condition: Produce lasts longer if it is refrigerated. I wanted a car that would last.
b. To continue in force or practice: wondered if the marriage would last.
3. To remain in adequate supply: Will our water last?
1. To keep adequately supplied: left enough bread to last the family for the weekend.
2. To persist or endure for the entire length of; survive: hoped to last the season without injuring her leg again.

[Middle English lasten, from Old English lǣstan; see leis- in Indo-European roots.]

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last 3

A block or form shaped like a human foot and used in making or repairing shoes.
tr.v. last·ed, last·ing, lasts
To mold or shape on a last.

[Middle English leste, laste, from Old English lǣste, from lǣst, lāst, sole of the foot; see leis- in Indo-European roots.]

last 4

n. Chiefly British
A unit of volume or weight varying for different commodities and in different districts, equal to about 80 bushels, 640 gallons, or 2 tons.

[Middle English, load, a kind of measure, from Old English hlæst, load.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


at the end or at the last point
sentence connector
in the end; finally: lastly, he put on his jacket.
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈlæst li, ˈlɑst-)

in conclusion; finally.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.



Last can be an adjective or an adverb.

1. 'last' used as an adjective

The last thing, event, or person of a particular kind is the one that comes after all the others.

He missed the last bus.
They met for the last time just before the war.
He was the last person to see Rebecca alive.

If you want to emphasize that someone or something is the last one of their kind, you can put very in front of last.

Those were his very last words.
I changed my mind at the very last minute.

Latest is sometimes used in a similar way.

2. 'last' used as an adverb

If something last happened on a particular occasion, it has not happened since then.

They last saw their homeland nine years ago.
It's a long time since we met last.

If an event is the final one in a series of similar events, you can say that it happens last. You put last at the end of a clause.

He added the milk last.
Mr Ross was meant to have gone first, but in fact went last.
3. 'lastly'

You can also use lastly to say that an event is the final one in a series. You put lastly at the beginning of a clause.

They wash their hands, arms and faces, and lastly, they wash their feet.

However, last and lastly are not always used in the same way. You usually use last to say that an event is the final one in a series of similar events. You use lastly when you are talking about events which are not similar.

For example, if you say 'George phoned his aunt last', you usually mean that George had phoned several people and that his aunt was the last person he phoned. If you say 'Lastly George phoned his aunt', you mean that George had done several things and that the last thing he did was to phoned his aunt.

Lastly has a much more common use. You use it to introduce a final point in a discussion, ask a final question, give a final instruction, or mention a final item in a list.

Lastly, I would like to thank Mr. Mark Collins for his advice, assistance and patience.
Lastly I would like to ask about your future plans.
4. 'at last'

At last and at long last are used to show that something that you have been waiting for or expecting for a long time has happened. These expressions usually go at the beginning or end of a clause.

The journey had taken a long time, but they had arrived at last.
At long last I've found a woman who really loves me.
5. 'last' with time expressions

You use last in front of a word such as week or month to say when something happened. For example, if it is August and something happened in July, you say that it happened last month.

Wolfgang and I had lunch with her last month.
The group held its first meeting last week.

Be Careful!
Don't say that something happened 'the last month' or 'the last week'.

Last can be used in a similar way in front of the names of festivals, seasons, months, or days of the week.

Last Christmas we received more than a hundred cards.
She died last summer.
I bought these shoes last Saturday.

Don't, however, say 'last morning' or 'last afternoon'. Say yesterday morning or yesterday afternoon.

It's warmer this morning than it was yesterday morning.
Yesterday afternoon I had lunch with Cameron.

Be Careful!
Don't say 'last evening'. Say yesterday evening or last night.

Yesterday evening another British soldier was killed.
I've been thinking about what we said last night.
6. 'previous' and 'before'

When you are describing something that happened in the past and you want to refer to an earlier period of time, you use previous or before instead of 'last'. For example, if you are talking about events that happened in 2005 and you want to mention something that happened in 2004, you say that it happened the previous year or the year before.

We had had an argument the previous night.
He had done some work on the farmhouse the previous summer.
The two women had met in Bonn the weekend before.
The quarrel of the night before seemed forgotten.
7. 'before last'

You use before last to refer to the period of time immediately before the most recent one of its kind. For example, the year before last means 'the year before last year'.

We went camping the summer before last.
I have not slept since the night before last.
8. 'the last'

You can also use last to refer to any period of time measured back from the present. For example, if it is July 23rd and you want to refer to the period from July 2nd to the present, you refer to it as the last three weeks. Note that you must use the. If you want to say that something happened during this period, you say that it happened in the last three weeks or during the last three weeks.

He had asked himself that question at least a thousand times in the last eight days.
All this has happened during the last few years.

Be Careful!
Note the order of words in these examples. Don't say 'the eight last days' or 'the few last years'.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'in the last' or 'during the last' on their own with a plural noun such as 'years' or 'days'. For example, don't say 'Many changes have been made in the last years'. Use a quantity word or a number. For example, say 'Many changes have been made in the last few years'. Or use recent instead. For example, you can say 'Many changes have been made in recent years'.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.lastly - the item at the end; "last, I'll discuss family values"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


adverb finally, to conclude, at last, in the end, ultimately, all in all, to sum up, in conclusion Lastly, I would like to ask you about your future plans.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


In conclusion:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
أَخِيرَاًأخيرا، في النِّهايَه
til sidste
aî lokum
cuối cùng


[ˈlɑːstlɪ] ADVpor último, finalmente
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈlɑːstli] adv
(= finally) (used by speaker)en dernier lieu
And lastly, what do we mean by "acceptable technology"? → Et en dernier lieu, qu'entendons-nous par "technologie acceptable"?
Lastly, I would like to ask about your future plans → En dernier lieu, j'aimerais m'enquérir de vos projets à venir.
(in list, series of actions)pour finirlast-minute [ˌlɑːstˈmɪnɪt] adj [decision, change, attempt] → de dernière minute; [goal, penalty] → à la dernière minutelast rites npl
the last rites → les derniers sacrements
to administer the last rites → administrer les derniers sacrementsLast Supper n (in Bible) the Last Supper → la Cène
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈlɑːstlɪ] advinfine, per finire, per ultimo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(laːst) adjective
1. coming at the end. We set out on the last day of November; He was last in the race; He caught the last bus home.
2. most recent; next before the present. Our last house was much smaller than this; last year/month/week.
3. coming or remaining after all the others. He was the last guest to leave.
at the end of or after all the others. He took his turn last.
ˈlastly adverb
finally. Lastly, I would like to thank you all for listening so patiently to what I have been saying.
at (long) last
in the end, especially after a long delay. Oh, there he is at (long) last!
hear/see etc the last of
to be finished with, be able to forget. You haven't heard the last of this!
the last person
a person who is very unlikely or unwilling to do a particular thing, or to whom it would be unwise or dangerous to do a particular thing. I'm the last person to make a fuss, but you should have told me all the same; He's the last person you should offend.
the last straw
a fact, happening etc which, when added to all other facts or happenings, makes a situation finally impossible to bear.
the last thing
something very unlikely, unwanted, not intended etc. It's the last thing you would think of looking for; The last thing I want is to hurt anyone.
the last word
1. the final remark in an argument etc. She always must have the last word!
2. the final decision. The last word rests with the chairman.
3. something very fashionable or up-to-date. Her hat was the last word in elegance.
on one's last legs
very near to falling down or collapsing with exhaustion, old age etc.
to the last
until the very end. He kept his courage to the last.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


أَخِيرَاً nakonec til sidste schließlich εν κατακλείδι por último viimeiseksi finalement naposljetku infine 最後に 끝으로 ten slotte avslutningsvis w końcu por fim в заключение slutligen ที่สุดท้าย son olarak cuối cùng 最后
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
And, lastly, he inveighed against Minerva because she had not contrived iron wheels in the foundation of her house, so its inhabitants might more easily remove if a neighbor proved unpleasant.
(Thirdly and Lastly): That Characters which may not have appeared, and Events which may not have taken place, within the limits of our own individual experience, may nevertheless be perfectly natural Characters and perfectly probable Events, for all that.
Lastly, It is owing to you that the history appears what it now is.
Lastly, I have endeavoured strongly to inculcate, that virtue and innocence can scarce ever be injured but by indiscretion; and that it is this alone which often betrays them into the snares that deceit and villainy spread for them.
There is, lastly, a class of things which are neither present in a subject nor predicable of a subject, such as the individual man or the individual horse.
Lastly a dispute arises between Odysseus and Aias over the arms of Achilles.
"My worthy Ned," I answered, "to the poet, a pearl is a tear of the sea; to the Orientals, it is a drop of dew solidified; to the ladies, it is a jewel of an oblong shape, of a brilliancy of mother-of-pearl substance, which they wear on their fingers, their necks, or their ears; for the chemist it is a mixture of phosphate and carbonate of lime, with a little gelatine; and lastly, for naturalists, it is simply a morbid secretion of the organ that produces the mother-of-pearl amongst certain bivalves."
Lastly, near kinsfolks, and fellows in office, and those that have been bred together, are more apt to envy their equals, when they are raised.
My attention was caught firstly by a bicycle lying carelessly on the turf, and secondly and lastly by a graceful woman's figure, recumbent and evidently sleeping against the turf bank, well tucked in among the afternoon shadows.
Three important things are to-day lacking in that façade: in the first place, the staircase of eleven steps which formerly raised it above the soil; next, the lower series of statues which occupied the niches of the three portals; and lastly the upper series, of the twenty-eight most ancient kings of France, which garnished the gallery of the first story, beginning with Childebert, and ending with Phillip Augustus, holding in his hand "the imperial apple."
And lastly, the final departure of the great Emperor from his heroic army is presented to us by the historians as something great and characteristic of genius.
Lastly, her feet and hands were astonishing, and her voice a deep contralto.