The differential diagnosis of right elbow injury included fractures of the supracondylar area, medial condyle or lateral condyle
of humerus, elbow dislocation, Monteggia or Monteggia variant fracture dislocation.
Medial and lateral condyle
DRTs, femoral shaft lateral bowing angle (FBA), and distal FVA were determined for each position.
This lateral congruency constrains the lateral condyle
to a central anteroposterior position in extension (Fig.
In our report, distal humeral bone fracture was divided into three types of fracture: Supracondylar, lateral condyle
and medial epicondyle.
There were 1 medial condyle lesion, 1 lateral condyle
lesion, 3 cases with both medial and lateral condyle
, 1 trochlear lesion and 1 patient with lateral condyle
and patella lesion.
Degenerative osteophyte formation along the lateral femoral condyle has been implicated as a block to reduction in older patients, caused by the patella getting locked along the abnormally prominent lateral condyle
The length of the femurs was measured with the help of measuring scale by keeping the ruler between greater trochanter and the lateral condyle
In cases where the patient was treated by open reduction and internal fixation, the surgical approach was through the lateral incision on the lateral condyle
with a mild tilt toward the anterior.
A 2000 N vertical force is applied to the femoral component, in which the joint reaction force is distributed to 40% on the lateral condyle
(800 N) and 60% on the medial condyle (1200 N).
The articular bodies of the femur are its lateral and medial condyles, which are not directly in-line with each other but diverge slightly, the lateral condyle
being wider anteriorly, whilst the medial condyle maintains a relatively constant width.
Three mid-point measurements were taken from each knee, at the right lateral condyle
(RLC), the right intercondylar area (RIA), the right medial condyle (RMC), the left medial condyle (LMC), the left intercondylar area (LIA), and the left lateral condyle
(LLC) (Figure 1).
4-10) Lesions may also present in the inferior-central lateral condyle
that account for 10 to 20% of cases, while femoral trochlear lesions account for less than 1% of cases.