lava


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Related to lava: Lava lamp

la·va

 (lä′və, lăv′ə)
n.
1. Molten rock that reaches the earth's surface through a volcano or fissure.
2. The rock formed by the cooling and solidifying of molten rock.

[Italian, perhaps from Latin lābēs, fall, from Latin lābī, to fall.]
Word History: Appropriately, lava was named by people living near Mount Vesuvius. The only active volcano on the European mainland, Vesuvius has erupted frequently since Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried by it in ad 79. The Neapolitans who lived in the vicinity took the Italian word lava, meaning "a stream caused suddenly by rain," and applied it to the streams of molten rock coming down the sides of Vesuvius. The term was then taken into Standard Italian, where it came to mean the rock in both its molten and its solidified states. The Italian word was borrowed into English around the middle of the 18th century.

lava

(ˈlɑːvə)
n
1. (Geological Science) magma emanating from volcanoes and other vents
2. (Geological Science) any extrusive igneous rock formed by the cooling and solidification of molten lava
[C18: from Italian (Neapolitan dialect), from Latin lavāre to wash]

la•va

(ˈlɑ və, ˈlæv ə)

n.
1. the molten, fluid rock that issues from a volcano or volcanic vent.
2. the rock formed when this solidifies, occurring in many structurally different varieties.
[1740–50; < Italian, orig. Neapolitan dial.: avalanche « Latin lābēs a sliding down, falling]

la·va

(lä′və)
1. Molten rock that flows from a volcano or from a crack in the Earth. See more at magma.
2. The igneous rock formed when this substance cools and hardens.

lava

Molten rock when it appears at the Earth’s surface.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lava - rock that in its molten form (as magma) issues from volcanoslava - rock that in its molten form (as magma) issues from volcanos; lava is what magma is called when it reaches the surface
aa - a dry form of lava resembling clinkers
pahoehoe - freely flowing lava
pillow lava - lava that hardened in rounded shapes suggestive of pillows; believed to result from underwater eruptions
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
Translations
magma
حِمَمٌ بُرْكَانِيَّةٌحُمَم بُرْكانيَّه
лава
lavamagma
lávamagma
lavamagma
lafo
laavamagma
گدازه
laava
lava
lávamagma
lavamagma
hraunbergkvika
溶岩
용암
lava
lavamagma
lavamagma
lavamagma
lavamagma
lawamagma
lávamagma
lavamagma
лава
lavamagma
lavamagma
หินลาวา
лава
nham thạch

lava

[ˈlɑːvə]
A. Nlava f
B. CPD lava flow Ntorrente m or río m de lava

lava

[ˈlɑːvə] nlave f lava flowlava flow ncoulée f de lavelava lamp nlampe f à lave

lava

nLava f; lava bedLavadecke f

lava

[ˈlɑːvə] nlava

lava

(ˈlaːvə) noun
liquid, melted rock etc thrown out from a volcano and becoming solid as it cools.

lava

حِمَمٌ بُرْكَانِيَّةٌ láva lava Lava λάβα lava laava lave lava lava 溶岩 용암 lava lava lawa lava лава lava หินลาวา lav nham thạch 熔岩
References in classic literature ?
And still this hair is growing now; this moment growing, and heat must breed it; but no, it's like that sort of common grass that will grow anywhere, between the earthy clefts of Greenland ice or in Vesuvius lava.
It was composed of black and vitreous lava, mixed with fragments of felspar.
Half way up was a square enclosure of some greyish stone, which I found subsequently was built partly of coral and partly of pumiceous lava.
Lips of stone turned to flame, breasts of ice became like heated lava, so that to Franz, yielding for the first time to the sway of the drug, love was a sorrow and voluptuousness a torture, as burning mouths were pressed to his thirsty lips, and he was held in cool serpent-like embraces.
On the 3d of September he arrived on the summit of a mountain which commanded a full view of the eventful valley of Pierre's Hole; whence he could trace the winding of its stream through green meadows, and forests of willow and cotton-wood, and have a prospect, between distant mountains, of the lava plains of Snake River, dimly spread forth like a sleeping ocean below.
Blackened rocks and mounds of lava I had already seen everywhere peeping out from amid the luxuriant vegetation which draped them, but this asphalt pool in the jungle was the first sign that we had of actual existing activity on the slopes of the ancient crater.
The immense accretion of flesh which had descended on her in middle life like a flood of lava on a doomed city had changed her from a plump active little woman with a neatly-turned foot and ankle into something as vast and august as a natural phenomenon.
These hundreds of green squares, marked by their black lava walls, make the hills look like vast checkerboards.
In front of her a volcanic crater was pouring forth torrents of melted lava, and hurling masses of rock to an enormous height.
After resting an hour or two, driven to it by our torturing thirst, we went on, toiling painfully in the burning heat up the lava slopes, for we found that the huge base of the mountain was composed entirely of lava beds belched from the bowels of the earth in some far past age.
The merry scholar had never dreamed that there was boiling lava, furious and profound, beneath the snowy brow of AEtna.
the solid rocks cracked to their base, and separated like blocks beneath the operation of the wedge; a portion of the vault was carried up towards heaven, as if it had been built of cardboard; the green and blue and topaz conflagration and black lava of liquefactions clashed and combated an instant beneath a majestic dome of smoke; then oscillated, declined, and fell successively the mighty monoliths of rock which the violence of the explosion had not been able to uproot from the bed of ages; they bowed to each other like grave and stiff old men, then prostrating themselves, lay down forever in their dusty tomb.