law of independent assortment


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Related to law of independent assortment: law of segregation, law of dominance

law of independent assortment

Men′del's law′


n.
1. Also called law of segregation. the principle stating that during the production of gametes the two copies of each hereditary factor segregate so that offspring acquire one factor from each parent.
2. Also called law of independent assortment. the principle stating that the laws of chance govern which particular characteristics of the parental pairs will occur in each individual offspring.
3. Also called law of dominance. the principle stating that one factor in a pair of traits dominates the other in inheritance unless both factors in the pair are recessive.
[1900–05; after German. J. Mendel]
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Noun1.law of independent assortment - each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates independently of the members of other pairs so the results are random
Mendel's law - (genetics) one of two principles of heredity formulated by Gregor Mendel on the basis of his experiments with plants; the principles were limited and modified by subsequent genetic research
References in periodicals archive ?
Let us use an example given by Scott (2009): "Mendel's law of independent assortment tells us that the hereditary factors will behave independently as they are passed down from generation to generation".
The module was broken up into four sections; the first covered the Law of Dominance, the second and third covered the Law of Segregation and Law of Independent Assortment, and the last the Drosophila Fly Lab.
The two examples that come readily to mind are the Hardy-Weinberg law that applies to ratios of genes in a population under particular conditions and the law of independent assortment of chromosomes applied to the partitioning of chromosomes during meiosis.