You must except, nevertheless, Marcus Antonius, the half partner of the empire of Rome, and Appius Claudius, the decemvir and lawgiver
; whereof the former was indeed a voluptuous man, and inordinate; but the latter was an austere and wise man: and therefore it seems (though rarely) that love can find entrance, not only into an open heart, but also into a heart well fortified, if watch be not well kept.
We are accustomed since the growth of the historical method to the belief that states are "not made but grow," and are apt to be impatient with the belief which Aristotle and Plato show in the powers of the lawgiver
. But however true the maxim may be of the modern nation state, it was not true of the much smaller and more self-conscious Greek city.
" The sense of which is, "When a lawgiver
sets down plainly his whole meaning, we are prevented from making him mean what we please ourselves." As some instances of women, therefore, are mentioned in the divine law, which forbids us to covet our neighbour's goods, and that of a sister omitted, he concluded it to be lawful.
It is scarcely questioned that this provision was intended by those who made it for the reclaiming of what we call fugitive slaves; and the intention of the lawgiver
is the law.
And the good physician and lawgiver
of the State ought, like the wise bee-master, to keep them at a distance and prevent, if possible, their ever coming in; and if they have anyhow found a way in, then he should have them and their cells cut out as speedily as possible.
Again and again, as he looked at each brutal performance, the lesson was driven home to Buck: a man with a club was a lawgiver
, a master to be obeyed, though not necessarily conciliated.
I am not going out under human guidance, subject to the defective laws and erring control of my feeble fellow-worms: my king, my lawgiver
, my captain, is the All-perfect.
Napoleon is the Mahomet of the West, and is worshipped by his commonplace but ambitions followers, not only as a leader and lawgiver
, but also as the personification of equality."
He needs no library, for he has not done thinking; no church, for he is a prophet; no statute book, for he has the lawgiver
; no money, for he is value; no road, for he is at home where he is; no experience, for the life of the creator shoots through him, and looks from his eyes.
Nothing was too trivial for the Hindoo lawgiver
, however offensive it may be to modern taste.
"Such indeed was the opinion of the great lawgiver
of the Jews, but the Egyptians, and the Chaldeans, the Greeks, and the Romans, were wont to manifest their gratitude, in these types of the human form.
"Idomeneus," said he, "lawgiver
to the Cretans, what has now become of the threats with which the sons of the Achaeans used to threaten the Trojans?"