Some fuel products with primary use in industry are taxed at higher rates of P6 (including lubricating oils, denatured alcohol and naphtha) but certain products are also completely exempted from the excise tax (including leaded gasoline
, kerosene, fuel used in power generation and liquefied petroleum gas in petrochemicals),' the AER added.
The phase-out of leaded gasoline
in 2000 is credited for the major reduction in airborne lead pollution in the country.
It was seen as a setback after the metropolis had made strides in reducing the chronic smog of the 1990s by cleaning up or moving out factories, banning leaded gasoline
and imposing stricter automobile emissions standards.
Patterson's fight against industry and industry-funded scientists to get leaded gasoline
As a result of an aggressive international campaign by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), today only six countries continue to use leaded gasoline
And if you chart the rise and fall of atmospheric lead caused by the rise and fall of leaded gasoline
consumption, you get a pretty simple upside-down U: Lead emissions from tailpipes rose steadily from the early '40s through the early '70s, nearly quadrupling over that period.
The poorer neighborhoods are also areas that have been most contaminated from leaded gasoline
previously used on the nearby highways.
765 per liter of 95 octane unleaded and leaded gasoline
Finally, lowering the amount of lead in leaded gasoline
Now, lead dust from vehicles using leaded gasoline
has been linked to instances of aggravated assault two decades after exposure, says Tulane toxicologist Howard W.
The two major reasons for this dramatic reduction in childhood blood lead levels are 1) the elimination of leaded gasoline
and 2) the prohibition of the manufacturing of leaded paint.
is still widely used in Iraq, which with open trash burning, oil fires and debris from explosions makes naturally dusty air even worse.