The venous was drained from thyroid gland via inferior thyroid vein to left brachiocephalic vein
. The type II of thyroid gland abnormality was not observed in the male cadavers (Table II).
More rarely cases of LSIVC, possible routes for the return of blood to RA are via the azygos vein to SVC, via the left brachiocephalic vein
to the right SVC, or via the hemiazygos vein to PLSVC(3).
The vein between the CS and left brachiocephalic vein
is called a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC), which finally drained into the right atrium.
Transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus and jugular bulb can normally show asymmetric signal intensity and enhancement and is more frequent on left due to compressive effect of left brachiocephalic vein
during respiratory cycle.21 Arachnoid granulations are normal structures that protrude into the dural sinus lumen or lateral lacunae.
Pesa, "Central venous catheter placement in the left internal jugular vein complicated by perforation of the left brachiocephalic vein
and massive hemothorax: a case report," A&A Case Reports, vol.
Under ultrasound-guidance, the catheter was directed into the left brachiocephalic vein
. Normal saline solution was injected without any complications.
Caption: Figure 1: Dissected body with the clavicles (RC and LC) in situ, right and left internal jugular vein (RIJV and LIJV), right and left external jugular vein (REJV and LEJV), right and left supraclavicular (RSC and LSC) branches of cephalic vein, right and left cephalic vein (RCV and LCV), right and left infraclavicular (RIC and LIC) branch of cephalic vein, right and left axillary veins (RAV and LAV), left brachiocephalic vein
(LBC), superior vena cava (SVC), aorta (A), deltoid muscle (D), and pectoral major muscle (P).
In the upper extremities, these areas include the subclavian vein at the costoclavicular junction and the left brachiocephalic vein
as it crosses a relatively fixed, pulsatile fulcrum of brachiocephalic artery and aorta.
Ultrasound-guided left brachiocephalic vein
cannulation in children with underlying bleeding disorders: a retrospective analysis.
This metastasis was invading the proximal region of the left brachiocephalic vein
with a progressive intravascular growing that filled and expanded the superior vena cava (SVC).
In the initial surgery, the left brachiocephalic vein
is dissected off the sternum, and the gastric tube is placed between the sternum and left brachiocephalic vein
The most common variant of PAPVC is the defect located in sinus venosus malformation i.e, superior caval atrial septal defect coexists with PAPVC.2,3 Other variants include right pulmonary vein draining into right atrium,4 connection of right pulmonary vein to IVC (scimitar syndrome) and rarely right pulmonary vein connects to azygos vein or coronary sinus.5,6 Similarly, left pulmonary vein may connect to left brachiocephalic vein
through an anomalous vertical vein.