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One that believes in or advocates rule by hereditary right.

le·git′i·mism n.
le·git′i·mist adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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If in her husband's room at the bank legitimism was a mere unpopulated principle, in her salon Legitimacy was nothing but persons.
(48) There is no evidence that Ivan's supporters tried to produce theological or judicial arguments in favor of primogeniture, but they effectively made use of one of the central arguments of dynastic legitimism: the assertion that every deviation from the natural line of succession resulted in the murder of kings and kings' children.
(64.) Maurice Cranston, From Legitimism to Legitimacy, in
He also believed that many of the contemporary spokesmen for monarchical "legitimism," aristocracy, and Catholicism were tainted by hypocrisy and Pharisaism.
Her dangerousness as an artist-cultural activist/organizer comes from her total unwillingness to accept the criteria, anointment, legitimism, and acceptance by and from the white mainstream institutions or professional gatekeepers.
Their choice was motivated not only by the undoubted effectiveness of the teaching methods and the notable breadth and quality of the civil and religious education the schools delivered, but also by ideological and political considerations, related on the one hand to identification with the uncompromisingly closed policy of the papacy and the Church towards the new Liberal State (and, at least for a time, to the much more modest and limited instances of Bourbon Legitimism) and, on the other hand, to the uncertainties and delays of the liberal governments, especially during the first forty years following unification, in addressing the problem of the instruction and education of upper class young women (Buonazia, 1873; Ministry of Public Education 1889, pp.
Therefore, although Vincent suggested that liberty is a "basic right," he also stressed that "intervention on what is said to be the just side in a civil war, or intervention for liberalism (or democracy or communism, or to resist dynastic rule)" is not legitimate, rather it is "legitimism." (83) Jack Donnelly too, though concerned to promote human rights, remains skeptical about the chance of such rights truly taking hold if they are imposed by means of external intervention rather than emerging from autochthonous sources.
But it would have lost to its oldest opponent, legitimism, and lost badly.
Although Balzac criticizes backward-looking Legitimists for failing to live up to the realities of modern France, he admires Legitimism "as the most profound source of moral authority in French culture" (Gemie 472).
(182) GALLOWAY, supra note 168, at 10; see also OPPENHEIM'S, supra note 168, at 152 (arguing that "Neither the Tobar Doctrine nor the Estrada Doctrine has proved of lasting value"); but see ROTH, supra note 168, at 413, 417 (arguing that a variation of the Tobar Doctrine, referred to as a "new liberal-democratic legitimism," is emerging and that as a result, "The very concept of sovereignty, it is argued, is undergoing a democratic transformation.").
Abu-Yusuf's defense of [subset]Abbasid legitimism and precedence over the [subset]Alids (on the issue of the inheritance shares al-[subset]Abbas received beyond [subset]Ali's) raises more questions about authenticity than it answers.