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1. An infection caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sandflies.
2. A disease, such as kala-azar or either of two clinically distinct ulcerative skin diseases, caused by flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania.

[New Latin Leishmania, genus of protozoans (after Sir William Boog Leishman (1865-1926), British medical officer) + -iasis.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌliːʃməˈnaɪəsɪs) or


(Pathology) any disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌliʃ məˈnaɪ ə sɪs, ˌlaɪʃ-)

also leish•man•i•o•sis

(-mæn iˈoʊ sɪs, -meɪ ni-)

any infection caused by a parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania.
Compare kala-azar.
[1910–15; < New Latin Leishmani(a), after William Boog Leishman (1865–1926), Scottish bacteriologist (see -ia) + -asis]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Infestation, especially of the liver and spleen, by parasitic protozoa transmitted by sandfly bites.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.leishmaniasis - sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
protozoal infection - any infection caused by a protozoan
Assam fever, dumdum fever, kala-azar, visceral leishmaniasis - leishmaniasis of the viscera
Aleppo boil, cutaneous leishmaniasis, Delhi boil, Old World leishmaniasis, tropical sore - leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
American leishmaniasis, leishmaniasis americana, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, nasopharyngeal leishmaniasis, New World leishmaniasis - a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America; sores are limited to the skin and mucosa
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


n leishmaniasis f; cutaneous — leishmaniasis cutánea; mucocutaneous — leishmaniasis mucocutánea, espundia; visceral — leishmaniasis visceral
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Hyderabad (Telangana) [India], Aug 23 (ANI): With an aim to treat fungal infections and leishmaniasis (kala-azar and black fever) prevalent in the country, researchers at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad have developed a method to produce controlled-release oral tablets.
Gulmina Bibi of Peshawar city is worried about the future of her teenage daughter, whose face has been badly scarred by cutaneous leishmaniasis, a skin problem.
Madam, leishmaniasis is an important medical health problem caused by an obligate intra-macrophage protozoan that spreads through the bite of female sand-fly to humans.
[USPRwire, Mon May 20 2019] Looking at the current market trends as well as the promising demand status of the Cutaneous & Systemic Leishmaniasis Market , it can be projected that the future years will bring out positive outcomes.
Summary: The report features the unique and salient factors that are likely to significantly impact the development of the cutaneous and systemic leishmaniasis market during the forecast period.
MIRAN SHAH -- Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa health authorities have decided to set up permanent centres in North Waziristan for the treatment of leishmaniasis patients.
Leishmaniasis has 2 major forms: cutaneous, characterized by skin sores, and visceral, which affects internal organs and is characterized by high fever, substantial weight loss, swelling of the spleen and liver, and anemia.
PESHAWAR -- Entomologists are blaming climate change as reason behind the outbreak of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis disease infecting around 22,000 people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
PESHAWAR -- Qasim Khan, an official of the District Headquarter Hospital (DHQ) Timergara Saturday said that they have so far registered 217 patients in the last 20-days suffering from Leishmaniasis disease and were provided due medical care.
The aim of the study is to determine the oxidative stress and inflammatory changes in naturally occurring canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL).