leptomeningitis


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Noun1.leptomeningitis - inflammation of the leptomeninges
meningitis - infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
Translations

lep·to·men·in·gi·tis

n. leptomeningitis, infl. de las leptomeninges.
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Among 24 study subjects (MRI done in 10 patients) who had abnormal MRI brain, 50% had acute meningoencephalitis, 12.5 % showed acute viral encephalitis, 8.3% showed intra cranial bleeding, 4.1 % showed acute leptomeningitis with subdural effusion and rest 24 % showed others type of brain abnormality like Included Agenesis of corpus callosum, Colpocephaly with mega cisterna magna, Colpocephaly, Lissencephaly, Porencephalic cyst in right cerebral hemisphere, Schizencephaly.
Cerebral imaging confirmed leptomeningitis. Isoniazid, clarithromycin, and rifampin were added to his treatment regimen, but his neurologic status continued to deteriorate.
The most common appearances of CNS cryptococcal infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are meningoencephalitis, cryptococcoma, dilated Virchow-Robin spaces, dirty cranial base and so on.[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13] However, leptomeningitis or meningoencephalitis is much more common in HIV patients with immune reconstitution.[8],[9],[10],[12] The pathogenesis and imaging appearances of CNS cryptococcal infection largely depend on the patients' immunity.
A 54-year-old male with a history of probable neurosarcoidosis, lymphocytic leptomeningitis, seizures, cirrhosis, and possible ethanol use disorder presented with encephalopathy, hypoxia, and several weeks of reported intermittent fevers.
The most common three subgroups of intracranial lesions were cranial osteomyelitis, leptomeningitis, and subcortical lesions [6].
(i) Leptomeningitis (presenting with mental status changes, gait imbalance, memory loss, behavioral changes, seizures, and paresis).
Asimismo la inflamacion meningea local podria ocasionar una leptomeningitis difusa o gomas sifiliticas en las meninges, que generan efecto de masa.