celandine(redirected from lesser celandines)
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Related to lesser celandines: Ficaria grandiflora
1. A perennial Eurasian herb (Chelidonium majus) having deeply divided leaves, showy yellow flowers, and yellow-orange latex. Also called swallowwort.
2. The lesser celandine.
[Middle English celidoine, from Old French, from Medieval Latin celidōnia, from Latin chelīdonia, feminine of chelīdonium, from Greek khelīdonion, from khelīdōn, swallow (from the association by ancient writers of the blossoming of the plant with the return of the swallows in spring); see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]
[C13: earlier celydon, from Latin chelīdonia (the plant), from chelīdonius of the swallow, from Greek khelidōn swallow; the plant's season was believed to parallel the migration of swallows]
cel•an•dine(ˈsɛl ənˌdaɪn, -ˌdin)
1. an Old World plant, Chelidonium majus, of the poppy family, having yellow flowers.
2. an Old World plant, Ranunculus ficaria, of the buttercup family, having fleshy, heart-shaped leaves and solitary yellow flowers.
[1275–1325; Middle English selandyne, variant of celydon < Latin chelīdonium < Greek chelīdónion, derivative of chelīdṓn swallow]
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|Noun||1.||celandine - North American annual plant with usually yellow or orange flowers; grows chiefly on wet rather acid soil|
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
genus Impatiens - annual or perennial herbs with stems more or less succulent; cosmopolitan except for South America, Australia, and New Zealand
|2.||celandine - perennial herb with branched woody stock and bright yellow flowers|
poppy - annual or biennial or perennial herbs having showy flowers