To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.
In consequence, after having traveled all night, at seven o'clock she was at the fort of the Point; at eight o'clock she had embarked; and at nine, the vessel, which with letters of marque
from the cardinal was supposed to be sailing for Bayonne, raised anchor, and steered its course toward England.
The powers falling within the FIRST class are those of declaring war and granting letters of marque
; of providing armies and fleets; of regulating and calling forth the militia; of levying and borrowing money.
To declare War, grant Letters of Marque
and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water."
In Middle Ages, the governments of England and France issued 'Letters of Marque
' to allow private armed ships (read pirates) to seize the merchant vessels of their enemies.
Privateers were non-governmental entrepreneurs who had been issued letters of marque
by their governments during war time.
Such a spectrum, according to the authors, includes such ideas as empowering third parties to enforce redlines and the issuance of letters of marque
During the American Civil War, as the Confederacy issued letters of marque
, the United States offered to join the declaration, only to withdraw its offer when it became apparent that France and Britain would not attack Southern privateers.
International Law; the Law of Piracy; and Letters of Marque
Despite the likely political stigma such a proposition would have in today's Congress, letters of marque
are nevertheless a constitutional and valid tool to execute cyber operations, and thus worthy of discussion.
I have letters of marque
and packets for Signor Fratelli,' said Nick boldly.