or music criticism), and fictional works that imitate musical forms or specific compositions.
The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library at University of Toronto, with support from The McLean Foundation, has launched a project to make its collection of early Italian opera libretti
freely available online (and for download) through the Internet Archive.
IFS Securities, an Atlanta-based full-service independent broker-dealer, has announced the appointment of Daniel Padilla as managing director, head of Institutional Equity Trading, and Joseph Libretti
as managing director, Corporate Advisory.
The second session, entitled Digitisation of Music: Projects and Perspectives, featured presentations by Christine Blanken of the BachArchiv Leipzig on "Bach Digital: Das internationale Portal fur Bach-Forscher, Musiker, Musikliebhaber und demnachst auch den musikalisch interessierten Nachwuchs", Franz Jurgen Gotz of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munchen) on "A New Virtual Library for Libretti
: Digitizing and Presenting the Libretti
of the Her Collection at the Bavarian State Library", and Andrew Hankinson and Ichiro Fujinaga of McGill University (Montreal) on "Using Optical Music Recognition to Navigate and Retrieve Music Documents.
When approached within the field of traditional "Italianistica" opera appears often embarrassing, in part because of the questionable literary quality of the libretti
, in part because of the indeterminacy of the texts.
According to Rodriguez, music did not escape the impetus of nationalism in the nineteenth century and "l'exception francaise" rated le parole first over la musica, thus giving libretti
status among literary genres.
Thomson strives to clarify the grammatical structure of opera libretti
to make an often confusing, convoluted, and outdated usage of the language comprehensible.
In the introduction Suvini-Hand states that her 'precise focus' is 'collage libretti
comprised of or inspired by exclusively literary texts' (p.
As was usual at the time, the libretti
differ in the different musical arrangements: only parts of the arias are the same, some appear only in two operas, some only in one.
In the second half of the seventeenth century, one of the issues that most preoccupied the town council of Monte Libretti
was whether to salary both a physician and a surgeon at the town's expense.
Though footnotes noting where the libretto is an exact quote or a paraphrase of its original literary source are present, Faust/Romeo Et Juliette is far more than a simple scholarly or literary reference; it is intended especially for anyone determined to faithfully produce, conduct, or perform Gounod's great operas regardless of their level of fluency in French, and to this end includes literary source footnotes and essays explaining the development of the libretti
Still, their collaboration resulted in opera libretti
that are true literary texts, especially their libretto for Stravinsky's opera The Rake's Progress.