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n., adj. light•er, light•est, n.
adj.andadv. -er, -est. adj.
v.i. light•ed or lit, light•ing.
2. an apparatus for producing unusual optical effects by flashing light upon disks bearing various figures, patterns, etc.
2. Also called photodysphoria. a painful sensitivity to light, especially visually.
3. a tendency to thrive in reduced light, as certain plants.
2. spectrogram. — spectrographic, adj.
If you light something such as a cigarette or candle, you make it start burning. The past tense and -ed participle of light is either lit or lighted. Lit is more common.
You can say that a street, building, or room is lit or is lighted by a particular kind of light, for example electricity.
For both meanings of light, you use lighted, not 'lit', in front of a noun.
However, after an adverb you use lit.
Past participle: lit/lighted
|Noun||1.||light - (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; "the light was filtered through a soft glass window"|
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
light beam, ray, ray of light, beam of light, shaft of light, irradiation, beam, shaft - a column of light (as from a beacon)
corona - one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object
counterglow, gegenschein - a faint spot of light in the night sky that appears directly opposite the position of the sun; a reflection of sunlight by micrometeoric material in space
daylight - light during the daytime
electromagnetic spectrum - the entire frequency range of electromagnetic waves
firelight - the light of a fire (especially in a fireplace)
fluorescence - light emitted during absorption of radiation of some other (invisible) wavelength
friar's lantern, ignis fatuus, jack-o'-lantern, will-o'-the-wisp - a pale light sometimes seen at night over marshy ground
gaslight - light yielded by the combustion of illuminating gas
glowing, radiance, glow - the amount of electromagnetic radiation leaving or arriving at a point on a surface
glow - a steady even light without flames
half-light - a greyish light (as at dawn or dusk or in dim interiors)
lamplight - light from a lamp
luminescence - light not due to incandescence; occurs at low temperatures
shooting star, meteor - a streak of light in the sky at night that results when a meteoroid hits the earth's atmosphere and air friction causes the meteoroid to melt or vaporize or explode
moonlight, moonshine, Moon - the light of the Moon; "moonlight is the smuggler's enemy"; "the Moon was bright enough to read by"
starlight - the light of the stars
scintillation - (physics) a flash of light that is produced in a phosphor when it absorbs a photon or ionizing particle
streamer - light that streams; "streamers of flames"
torchlight - light from a torch or torches
twilight - the diffused light from the sky when the sun is below the horizon but its rays are refracted by the atmosphere of the earth
|2.||light - any device serving as a source of illumination; "he stopped the car and turned off the lights"|
fairy light - a small colored light used for decoration (especially at Christmas)
flood lamp, floodlight, photoflood, flood - light that is a source of artificial illumination having a broad beam; used in photography
headlamp, headlight - a powerful light with reflector; attached to the front of an automobile or locomotive
houselights - lights that illuminate the audience's part of a theater or other auditorium
jacklight - a light used as a lure in hunting or fishing at night
navigation light - light on an airplane that indicates the plane's position and orientation; red light on the left (port) wing tip and green light on the right (starboard) wing tip
night-light - light (as a candle or small bulb) that burns in a bedroom at night (as for children or invalids)
panel light - a light to illuminate an instrument panel
room light - light that provides general illumination for a room
sconce - a candle or flaming torch secured in a sconce
searchlight - a light source with reflectors that projects a beam of light in a particular direction
running light, sidelight - light carried by a boat that indicates the boat's direction; vessels at night carry a red light on the port bow and a green light on the starboard bow
source of illumination - any device serving as a source of visible electromagnetic radiation
strip lighting - light consisting of long tubes (instead of bulbs) that provide the illumination
theater light - any of various lights used in a theater
torch - a light usually carried in the hand; consists of some flammable substance
|3.||light - a particular perspective or aspect of a situation; "although he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand"|
|4.||light - the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light; "its luminosity is measured relative to that of our sun"|
physical property - any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
incandescence - light from heat
|5.||light - an illuminated area; "he stepped into the light"|
scene - the place where some action occurs; "the police returned to the scene of the crime"
|6.||light - a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination; "follow God's light"|
|7.||light - the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures; "he could paint the lightest light and the darkest dark"|
visual property - an attribute of vision
gloriole, halo, nimbus, aura, aureole, glory - an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint
sunniness - lightness created by sunlight
brightness - the location of a visual perception along a continuum from black to white
|8.||light - a person regarded very fondly; "the light of my life"|
friend - a person you know well and regard with affection and trust; "he was my best friend at the university"
|9.||light - having abundant light or illumination; "they played as long as it was light"; "as long as the lighting was good"|
illumination - the degree of visibility of your environment
|10.||light - mental understanding as an enlightening experience; "he finally saw the light"; "can you shed light on this problem?"|
|11.||light - merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance; "he had a sparkle in his eye"; "there's a perpetual twinkle in his eyes"|
|12.||light - public awareness; "it brought the scandal to light"|
|13.||Light - a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul|
|14.||light - a visual warning signal; "they saw the light of the beacon"; "there was a light at every corner"|
visual signal - a signal that involves visual communication
|15.||light - a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires; "do you have a light?"|
device - an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; "the device is small enough to wear on your wrist"; "a device intended to conserve water"
fuze, fuse, primer, priming, fuzee, fusee - any igniter that is used to initiate the burning of a propellant
friction match, match, lucifer - lighter consisting of a thin piece of wood or cardboard tipped with combustible chemical; ignites with friction; "he always carries matches to light his pipe"; "as long you've a lucifer to light your fag"
match - a burning piece of wood or cardboard; "if you drop a match in there the whole place will explode"
|Verb||1.||light - make lighter or brighter; "This lamp lightens the room a bit"|
floodlight - illuminate with floodlights
spotlight - illuminate with a spotlight, as in the theater
|2.||light - begin to smoke; "After the meal, some of the diners lit up"|
|3.||light - to come to rest, settle; "Misfortune lighted upon him"|
|4.||light - cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat; "Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter"; "Light a cigarette"|
reignite - ignite anew, as of something burning; "The strong winds reignited the cooling embers"
conflagrate, enkindle, kindle, inflame - cause to start burning; "The setting sun kindled the sky with oranges and reds"
combust, burn - cause to burn or combust; "The sun burned off the fog"; "We combust coal and other fossil fuels"
light up - ignite; "The sky lit up quickly above the raging volcano"
flare up - ignite quickly and suddenly, especially after having died down; "the fire flared up and died down once again"
|5.||light - fall to somebody by assignment or lot; "The task fell to me"; "It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims"|
devolve, return, fall, pass - be inherited by; "The estate fell to my sister"; "The land returned to the family"; "The estate devolved to an heir that everybody had assumed to be dead"
fall - to be given by assignment or distribution; "The most difficult task fell on the youngest member of the team"; "The onus fell on us"; "The pressure to succeed fell on the youngest student"
|6.||light - alight from (a horse)|
|Adj.||1.||light - of comparatively little physical weight or density; "a light load"; "magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C"|
heavy - of comparatively great physical weight or density; "a heavy load"; "lead is a heavy metal"; "heavy mahogany furniture"
|2.||light - (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent; "light blue"; "light colors such as pastels"; "a light-colored powder"|
white - being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light; "as white as fresh snow"; "a bride's white dress"
dark - (used of color) having a dark hue; "dark green"; "dark glasses"; "dark colors like wine red or navy blue"
|3.||light - of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment; "light infantry"; "light cavalry"; "light industry"; "light weapons"|
heavy - of the military or industry; using (or being) the heaviest and most powerful armaments or weapons or equipment; "heavy artillery"; "heavy infantry"; "a heavy cruiser"; "heavy guns"; "heavy industry involves large-scale production of basic products (such as steel) used by other industries"
|4.||light - not great in degree or quantity or number; "a light sentence"; "a light accent"; "casualties were light"; "light snow was falling"; "light misty rain"; "light smoke from the chimney"|
heavy - unusually great in degree or quantity or number; "heavy taxes"; "a heavy fine"; "heavy casualties"; "heavy losses"; "heavy rain"; "heavy traffic"
|5.||light - psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles; "a light heart"|
heavy - marked by great psychological weight; weighted down especially with sadness or troubles or weariness; "a heavy heart"; "a heavy schedule"; "heavy news"; "a heavy silence"; "heavy eyelids"
|6.||light - characterized by or emitting light; "a room that is light when the shutters are open"; "the inside of the house was airy and light"|
dark - devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black; "sitting in a dark corner"; "a dark day"; "dark shadows"; "dark as the inside of a black cat"
|7.||light - (used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress; "a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable"; "a weak stress on the second syllable"|
unstressed - not bearing a stress or accent; "short vowels are unstressed"
|8.||light - easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned; "a light diet"|
digestible - capable of being converted into assimilable condition in the alimentary canal
|9.||light - (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency; "light soil"|
loose - not compact or dense in structure or arrangement; "loose gravel"
|10.||light - (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; "efforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral recordings"; "clear laughter like a waterfall"; "clear reds and blues"; "a light lilting voice like a silver bell"|
pure - free of extraneous elements of any kind; "pure air and water"; "pure gold"; "pure primary colors"; "the violin's pure and lovely song"; "pure tones"; "pure oxygen"
|11.||light - moving easily and quickly; nimble; "the dancer was light and graceful"; "a lightsome buoyant step"; "walked with a light tripping step"|
light-footed - (of movement) having a light and springy step; "a light-footed girl"
|12.||light - demanding little effort; not burdensome; "light housework"; "light exercise"|
undemanding - requiring little if any patience or effort or skill; "the pay was adequate and the job undemanding"; "simple undemanding affection"; "an undemanding boss"
|13.||light - of little intensity or power or force; "the light touch of her fingers"; "a light breeze"|
heavy - of great intensity or power or force; "a heavy blow"; "the fighting was heavy"; "heavy seas"
|14.||light - (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average; "light water is ordinary water"|
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
heavy - (physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with greater than average atomic mass or weight; "heavy hydrogen"; "heavy water"
|15.||light - weak and likely to lose consciousness; "suddenly felt faint from the pain"; "was sick and faint from hunger"; "felt light in the head"; "a swooning fit"; "light-headed with wine"; "light-headed from lack of sleep"|
|16.||light - very thin and insubstantial; "thin paper"; "light summer dresses"|
thin - of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section; "thin wire"; "a thin chiffon blouse"; "a thin book"; "a thin layer of paint"
|17.||light - marked by temperance in indulgence; "abstemious with the use of adverbs"; "a light eater"; "a light smoker"; "ate a light supper"|
temperate - not extreme in behavior; "temperate in his habits"; "a temperate response to an insult"; "temperate in his eating and drinking"
|18.||light - less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so; "a light pound"; "a scant cup of sugar"; "regularly gives short weight"|
|19.||light - having little importance; "losing his job was no light matter"|
|20.||light - intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound; "light verse"; "a light comedy"|
frivolous - not serious in content or attitude or behavior; "a frivolous novel"; "a frivolous remark"; "a frivolous young woman"
|21.||light - silly or trivial; "idle pleasure"; "light banter"; "light idle chatter"|
frivolous - not serious in content or attitude or behavior; "a frivolous novel"; "a frivolous remark"; "a frivolous young woman"
|22.||light - designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight; "light aircraft"; "a light truck"|
light-duty - not designed for heavy work; "a light-duty detergent"
|23.||light - having relatively few calories; "diet cola"; "light (or lite) beer"; "lite (or light) mayonnaise"; "a low-cal diet"|
|24.||light - (of sleep) easily disturbed; "in a light doze"; "a light sleeper"; "a restless wakeful night"|
shallow - not deep or strong; not affecting one deeply; "shallow breathing"; "a night of shallow fretful sleep"; "in a shallow trance"
|25.||light - casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior; "her easy virtue"; "he was told to avoid loose (or light) women"; "wanton behavior"|
unchaste - not chaste; "unchaste conduct"
|Adv.||1.||light - with few burdens; "experienced travellers travel light"|
brightness dark, shadow, cloud, shade, darkness, dusk, obscurity
bright dark, dim, gloomy, dusky
illuminate cloud, dull, darken
"And God said, Let there be light; and there was light" Bible: Genesis
weak strong, forceful
digestible rich, substantial
undemanding strenuous, burdensome
insignificant serious, weighty
light-hearted serious, sombre
light on or upon
light1 [laɪt] (lit or lighted (vb: pt, pp))
she was sitting with her back to the light or with the light behind her → estaba sentada de espaldas a la luz
the light was beginning to fade → estaba empezando a oscurecer
her hair is almost black in certain lights → según como le da la luz tiene el pelo casi negro
against the light → al trasluz
to hold sth against the light → acercar algo a la luz, mirar algo al trasluz
by the light of the moon/a candle → a la luz de la luna/de una vela
at first light → al rayar el día
you're (standing) in my light → me quitas la luz, me haces sombra
light and shade → luz y sombra (Art) → claroscuro m
to hold sth up to the light → acercar algo a la luz, mirar algo al trasluz
to see (a) light at the end of the tunnel → ver la salida del túnel, ver una solución al problema
to bring sth to light → sacar algo a la luz
to shed or throw or cast light on sth → arrojar luz sobre algo
in the cold light of day → a la luz del día (fig) → pensándolo con calma
to come to light → salir a la luz (pública)
new facts have come to light → han salido a la luz nuevos datos
(the) light dawned on him/her → se dio cuenta, comprendió
to hide one's light (under a bushel) → quitarse importancia, ser modesto
he was the light of her life → era la niña de sus ojos
to see the light (Rel) → ver la luz; (= understand) → abrir los ojos, ver la luz (hum)
to see the light (of day) → ver la luz (del día)
see also leading B
in the distance I could see the lights of a town → a lo lejos veía las luces de una ciudad
to switch on or turn on the light → encender la luz
to switch off or turn off the light → apagar la luz
lights out → hora f de apagar las luces
what time is lights out? → ¿a qué hora se apagan las luces?
to go out like a light (= fall asleep) → dormirse al instante; (= lose consciousness) → caer (en) redondo
see also bright C
see also runway C
rear or tail lights → pilotos mpl, luces fpl traseras, calaveras fpl (Mex)
reversing lights → luces fpl de marcha atrás
a red/green/amber light → un semáforo en rojo/verde/ámbar
to go through a red light → saltarse un semáforo en rojo
the lights → el semáforo
the lights were at or on red → el semáforo estaba en rojo
the lights were against us all the way → nos tocaron todos los semáforos en rojo
see also green D
according to or by sb's lights (frm) → según el parecer de algn
to see things/look at sth in a different or new light → ver las cosas/mirar algo con una perspectiva distinta or desde otro punto de vista
I began to see my friends in a new light → empecé a ver a mis amigos con otros ojos
to show or portray sth/sb in a good/bad light → dar una buena/mala imagen de algo/algn
this shows our country in a bad light → esto da una mala imagen de nuestro país
in the light of what you have said → en vista de or a la luz de lo que has dicho ...
there was a strange light in his eye → había un brillo extraño en su mirada
have you got a light? (for cigarette) → ¿tienes fuego?
to set light to sth (Brit) → prender fuego a algo
see also strike B3
her house is light and airy → su casa tiene bastante luz y ventilación
light summer evenings → las claras tardes de verano
while it's still light → mientras es de día or hay luz
to get light → hacerse de día
she appeared at a lighted window → se asomó a la ventana de una habitación iluminada
to light the way for sb → alumbrar (el camino) a algn
the fire wouldn't light → el fuego no se encendía, el fuego no prendía
light fitting N instalación eléctrica donde se colocan bombillas, tubos fluorescentes, etc
light meter N (Phot) → fotómetro m
light pen N → lápiz m óptico
light show N → espectáculo m de luces
light switch N → interruptor m
light wave N → onda f luminosa
light year N → año m luz
3000 light years away → a una distancia de 3000 años luz
I want to be ten pounds lighter → quiero adelgazar diez libras
I'm ten pounds lighter than I was → peso diez libras menos que antes
to be light on one's feet → ser ligero de pies
with a light heart (= cheerfully) → con el corazón alegre; (= without thinking) → a la ligera
you need a light touch to make good pastry → necesitas manos de seda para conseguir una buena masa
as light as a feather → ligero como una pluma
a light rain was falling → lloviznaba
a light fall of snow → una ligera nevada
trading was light on the Stock Exchange → hubo poca actividad en la Bolsa
traffic was light → había poco tráfico
the speech was light on content → el discurso tenía poco contenido
there was a light tapping on the door → se oyeron unos golpecitos a la puerta
she can only manage light work → sólo puede realizar tareas ligeras
to make light work of sth → hacer algo con facilidad
to make light of sth → quitar importancia a algo
on a lighter note → hablando de cosas menos serias
take along some light reading → llévate algo fácil de leer
she had drifted into a light sleep → se había quedado medio dormida
to be a light sleeper → tener el sueño ligero
light ale N → cerveza f rubia, cerveza f clara
light entertainment N (TV) → programas mpl de variedades
a stand-up comedian provided light entertainment → un humorista amenizó la velada
light industry N → industria f ligera
light infantry N → infantería f ligera
light opera N (= show) → opereta f; (= genre) → género m lírico
light verse N → poesías fpl festivas
light3 [laɪt] (lit or lighted (pt, pp)) VI to light on sth (liter) → dar con algo, tropezar con algo, encontrar algo
artificial light → la lumière artificielle
there's light at the end of the tunnel → on voit le bout du tunnel
it has come to light that ... → il s'est avéré que ...
It has come to light that he was lying → Il s'est avéré qu'il mentait.
to be brought to light [fact, information] → être mis(e) mise au jour
The truth is unlikely to be brought to light by the enquiry → Il est peu probable que l'enquête fasse émerger la vérité.
to cast light on sth, to shed light on sth (= clarify) → éclaircir qch, éclairer qch
This casts light on a problem which I mentioned last year → Cela éclaire le problème que j'ai mentionné l'année dernière.
to cast a new light on sth → apporter un nouvel éclairage sur qch
to throw light on sth → éclaircir qch, éclairer qch
in the light of sth (= given) → à la lumière de qch
In the light of this information it is now possible to identify a number of key issues → On peut maintenant, à la lumière de cette information, identifier un certain nombre de problèmes clés.
light dawned on me (= at last I understood) → la lumière se fit dans mon esprit
in a better light → sous un meilleur jour
There's a light by my bed → Il y a une lampe près de mon lit., Il y a une lumière près de mon lit
Do you need a light? → Tu as besoin d'une lumière?
to switch on the light, to turn the light on → allumer la lumière
to switch off the light, to turn the light off → éteindre la lumière
The janitor comes round to turn the lights off → Le gardien passe pour éteindre les lumières.
to go out like a light (= fall asleep quickly) → s'endormir en un clin d'œil
a light blue sweater → un pull bleu clair
a light blue shirt → une chemise bleu clair
It was still light when we arrived → Il faisait encore jour lorsque nous sommes arrivés.
The traffic is usually lighter on Sundays → La circulation est habituellement plus fluide le dimanche.
There was a light knock at the door
BUT On entendit frapper doucement à la porte.
a light jacket → une veste légère
a light meal → un repas léger
light1 vb: pret, ptp <lit or lighted>
light1 [laɪt] (lit or lighted (vb: pt, pp))
electric light → illuminazione f or luce elettrica
at first light → alle prime luci dell'alba
by the light of the moon → alla luce della luna, al chiaro di luna
in the cold light of day (also) (fig) → alla luce del giorno
you're (standing) in my light → mi fai ombra
to hold sth up to or against the light → tenere qc controluce
to bring to light → portare alla luce
to come to light → venire in luce, emergere
to cast or shed or throw light on → gettare or far luce su
I was hoping that you could shed some light on it (for me) → speravo che tu potessi darmi dei chiarimenti su questo
to see the light (Rel) → convertirsi (fig) → ravvedersi
to reveal sb/sth in a new light → mostrare qn/qc sotto una nuova luce
according to my lights (frm) → secondo quanto mi è dato da capire
to turn the light on/off → accendere/spegnere la luce
rear lights → luci di posizione posteriori
the (traffic) lights were red → il semaforo era rosso
to light sb's way → far luce a qn
lit by electricity → illuminato/a elettricamente
light ale → birra chiara
some light reading → una lettura leggera
she is a light sleeper → ha il sonno leggero
as light as a feather → leggero/a come una piuma
to be light on one's feet → avere il passo leggero
with a light heart → a cuor leggero
to make light work of sth → fare qc con molta facilità
to make light of sth (fig) → prendere alla leggera qc, non dar peso a qc
light3(lait) : light on – past tense, past participle lit (lit) – verb
light→ خَفِيفٌ, ضَوْء, ضَوْءٌ, فَاتِـح, مُضِيءٌ, يُضِيئُ lehký, světlo, světlý, zapálit let, lys, lyse-, oplyse beleuchten, hell, leicht, Licht απαλός, ελαφρύς, φως, φωτεινός, φωτίζω claro, encender, iluminar, ligero, luz kevyt, vaalea, valaista, valo, valoisa allumer, clair, lampe, léger, lumière lagan, svijetao, svijetlao, svjetlo, upaliti chiaro, illuminare, leggero, luce ともす, 光, 明るい, 淡い, 軽い 가벼운, 밝은, 불을 붙이다, 빛 lamp, licht, ontbranden lett, lys, lyse jasny, lampka, lekki, światło, zapalić acender, claro, iluminar, leve, luz зажигать, легкий, свет, светильник, светлый lätt, ljus, lyse, tända เบา, แสง, แสงสว่าง, จุดไฟ, ซีด, สว่าง açık, hafif, ışık, yakmak ánh sáng, nhạt, nhẹ, sáng, thắp sáng 光亮, 光源, 明亮的, 淡的, 点燃, 轻的
- The oil warning light won't go off
- May I turn on the light? (US)
Can I switch the light on? (UK)
- May I turn off the light? (US)
Can I switch the light off? (UK)
- May I take it over to the light?
- The light doesn't work
- Do you have a light? (US)
Have you got a light? (UK)