The major components were limonene
(71.48%), b-Pinene (7.71%), 3-carene (3.99%), b-citronellal (2.90%), a-Pinene (2.29%), 6-octenal, 3, 7-dimethyl (2.90%), caryophyllene (1.63%), cuminal (1.13%), anethole (1.29%), eugenol (1.01%), 3-p-menthene (1.37%) and gemacrene D (2.05%).
Thujone (trans), [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-myrcene, terpinen, limonene
, 1.8-cineole, linalool, bornyl acetate, citronellal, eugenol, geranyl acetate, nerol, [beta]-caryophyllene were purchased from Aldrich Company, USA.
EE = Total D - limonene
- Surface D - limonene/Total D - limonene
The Surf Tropical Lily and Ylang Ylang contains: |15-30% anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, soap; |Less than 5% enzymes, optical brighteners, perfume, phosphonates, butylphenyl, methylpropional, citronellol, geraniol, hexyl cinnamal, limonene
The polymer is made of sulphur and limonene
. Millions of tons of sulphur are produced by the oil and gas industry every year, while thousands of tons of limonene
(highly concentrated in orange peels) are produced by the citrus industry.
was provided by Firmenich (Plainsboro, New Jersey)
a-pinene sabinene myrcene AY-pinene AY-ocimene limonene
2008) have demonstrated lethal effects of Limonene limonene
oxide and eight b-amino alcohol derivatives @ 10 and 2.5 mg/mL on larvae of R.
By gas chromatography--mass spectrometry analysis, it was determined that the major components of the oil were [alpha]-pinene (0.52 to 1.02 mg [g.sup.-1]), [beta]-pinene (0.04 to 0.67 mg [g.sup.-1]), limonene
(0.00 to 0.06 mg [g.sup.-1]), terpineol (0.01 to 0.18 mg [g.sup.-1]), and (-)-caryophyllene (0.02 to 0.52 mg [g.sup.-1]), with quantities depending on sampling dates.
The characteristic organoleptic properties of limonene
and its usage in food and other applications encouraged the scientists and industries to work extensively on its synthesis and microbial conversions [8-12].
Recent reports investigating chemical composition of Blepharocalyx salicifolius EOs by GC-MS analysis have already found several constituents, such as 1,8-cineole, linalool, [beta]-caryophyllene , [beta]-pinene, limonene
[10, 11], myrcene, [alpha]-pinene , spathulenol, and pinene .