lingua franca


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lingua fran·ca

 (frăng′kə)
n. pl. lingua fran·cas (-kəz) also linguae fran·cae (frăng′kē, frăn′sē)
1. A medium of communication between peoples of different languages.
2. A mixture of Italian with Provençal, French, Spanish, Arabic, Greek, and Turkish, formerly spoken on the eastern Mediterranean coast.

[Italian : lingua, language + franca, Frankish (that is, European).]

lingua franca

(ˈlɪŋɡwə ˈfræŋkə)
n, pl lingua francas or linguae francae (ˈlɪŋɡwiː ˈfrænsiː)
1. (Linguistics) a language used for communication among people of different mother tongues
2. (Linguistics) a hybrid language containing elements from several different languages used in this way
3. (Linguistics) any system of communication providing mutual understanding
[C17: Italian, literally: Frankish tongue]

Lingua Franca

n
(Languages) a particular lingua franca spoken from the time of the Crusades to the 18th century in the ports of the Mediterranean, based on Italian, Spanish, French, Arabic, Greek, and Turkish

lin′gua fran′ca

(ˈfræŋ kə)

n., pl. lingua fran•cas, lin•guae fran•cae (ˈlɪŋ gwi ˈfræn si, ˈfræŋ ki)
1. any language that is widely used as a means of communication among speakers of other languages.
2. (caps.) a pidgin with a lexicon drawn largely from Italian that was spoken in Mediterranean ports from the late Middle Ages to the early 20th century.
[1670–80; < Italian: literally, Frankish tongue]

lingua franca

A language used for communication between speakers of different languages, often containing elements of several languages.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lingua franca - a common language used by speakers of different languages; "Koine is a dialect of ancient Greek that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean area in Roman times"
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
Translations

lingua franca

[ˌlɪŋgwəˈfræŋkə] N (lingua francas or linguae francae (pl)) [ˌlɪŋgwiːˈfrænsiː]lengua f franca

lingua franca

[ˌlɪŋgwəˈfræŋkə] nlingua f franca

lingua franca

nVerkehrssprache f, → Lingua franca f; (= official language)Amtssprache f

lingua franca

[ˈlɪŋgwəˈfræŋkə] nlingua franca
References in classic literature ?
At the mention of Monte Cristo Dantes started with joy; he rose to conceal his emotion, and took a turn around the smoky tavern, where all the languages of the known world were jumbled in a lingua franca. When he again joined the two persons who had been discussing the matter, it had been decided that they should touch at Monte Cristo and set out on the following night.
``I asked you, my children,'' said the Prior, raising his voice, and using the lingua Franca, or mixed language, in which the Norman and Saxon races conversed with each other, ``if there be in this neighbourhood any good man, who, for the love of God, and devotion to Mother Church, will give two of her humblest servants, with their train, a night's hospitality and refreshment?''
There were several of his priests and lawyers present (as I conjectured by their habits), who were commanded to address themselves to me; and I spoke to them in as many languages as I had the least smattering of, which were High and Low Dutch, Latin, French, Spanish, Italian, and Lingua Franca, but all to no purpose.
Every dialect from Labrador to Long Island, with Portuguese, Neapolitan, Lingua Franca, French, and Gaelic, with songs and shoutings and new oaths, rattled round him, and he seemed to be the butt of it all.
(46) Seidlhofer, Barbara, "English as a Lingua Franca." ELT Journal 59 (4), 2005, 339-341.
"If we don't do something about it we'll lose our lingua franca altogether,"spat Audrey, on why she's teaching English to foreigners, although presumably not on the concept of irony.
There cannot be any doubt that the native tongue of a Galilean Jew of Jesus' time was Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Near East.
THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF ENGLISH AS A LINGUA FRANCA
Kazin provides numerous examples of his subject's ability and willingness to effortlessly combine political and religious metaphors and arguments, at a time when God's Word was the lingua franca of far-flung Protestant America.
Quan-probably the only chick lit writer to discuss indentured labor, sex worker rights, and the proper purse in which to carry a dildo--has written on sex and gender issues for Lingua Franca, Salon, and Congressional Quarterly.
Security's lingua franca. Aligning IT with business goals was the number one challenge facing the majority of CIOs in the public and private sectors, according to a Government Accountability Office report.