The lingual foramina close to the midline have a branch of the sublingual artery and/or the lingual artery
. The foramina located on the posterior area (in the premolar area) have a branch of the sublingual and submental artery or an anastomosis of them (Vandewalle et al.
Differential diagnosis of lingual abscess includes neoplasm, arteriovenous malformation, cystic lesion, haemorrhage, infarction, pseudoaneurysm of lingual artery
, ischaemia from giant cell arteritis, angioedema, actinomycosis infection, and acute epiglottitis [2-4, 9, 10, 13, 16, 19, 25, 26], while abscess at the BOT should be differentiated from lingual tonsillar abscess, intralingual thyroglossal duct cyst, and lingual thyroid cyst [6, 7, 26].
Given that branches of the lingual artery
also supply the hyoid bone, spreading through these vessels might also be possible.
Medially it is related to the lingual artery
, the facial artery, superficial temporal artery, the maxillary artery, the internal carotid artery, the internal jugular vein and the stylomandibular ligament.
The contents of the SLS include muscles, the hypoglossal nerve, the lingual nerve, lingual artery
and vein, sublingual gland and ducts, the deep portion of the submandibular gland and duct and lymph nodes.
Anatomical Studies on Terminal Branches of the Lingual Artery
of the Adult Goat (Capra hircus).
hematoma resulting in upper airway obstruction.
They established a classification as well: the foramina located up the genial spines are denoted as superior genial spinal foramina and involve the branches of lingual artery
, vein, and nerve.
Similarly to facial artery, we have performed the correct sealing with HS of other branches of external carotid artery as lingual artery
, superior thyroid artery, and occipital artery, without any failure.
Unnecessary and troublesome bleeding is quite often associated with the modality, although a careful identification and ligation of lingual artery
can render the surgery less bloodless.
Hemorrhage can also occur during and after oral piercing because the tongue contains the major vessels of the lingual artery
and vein.[6,8] The risks of infection and hemorrhage increase if a person is medically compromised with diabetes, drug or alcohol dependency, HIV infection, bleeding difficulties, or oral infections.